Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Onslow County

Onslow County Apprentices, 1828-1833.

Durant Dove and Willis Dove were bound to James Mills in 1828.

In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County, Durant Dove, 40, mulatto, wife Anny and children Margarett Ann, Eliza Jane, Wm., Julia, Nancy, Durant, Edward, Mandy, Joshua, and Henry.

Durant Henderson and Willis Henderson were bound to James Mills in 1829.

Jacob [no last name] was bound to John Langley in 1829.

Silas White, son of Esther White, was bound to Jesse Sandlin in 1830.

Jesse Holly was bound to Phenehas Rouse in 1832.

Tom Hammonds was bound to Leroy Hammonds in 1832.

In the 1850 census of Half Moon, Onslow County: Thos. Hammonds, 55, farmer, wife Sena, 55, Susan Hammonds, 35, Thomas Hammonds, 24, Seana Littleton, 14, and Marthy White, 13. Thomas the elder reported $800 personal property. [Sidenote: if Thomas were the son of Thomas and Sena Hammonds, a married couple, upon what basis was he bound out?]

Edward Griffith and Sarah Griffith were bound to David Jarman in 1833.

This is possibly the Edward Griffith listed in the 1840 census of South Side of Neuse River, Craven County, as the head of a household of three free people of color.

Onslow County Apprentices, 1825-1827.

Elizabeth Simmons was bound to John Grant in 1825.

Alfred, son of Rhoda (no last name given), was bound to Charles Thompson in 1825.

James Jarman was bound to Thomas Batten in 1825.

Gatsey Pittman was bound to Jacob Williams in 1826.

James Sheppard was bound to Edward Johnson in 1826.

Betty Sampson was bound to Solomon E. Grant in 1826.

Bill White, Edward White, Morris White and Anna White, children of Elizabeth White, were bound to Jesse Sandlin in 1827.

Gatsey Pittman was bound to Hezekiah Williams in 1827.

Betsy White and Nancy White, children of Oma White, were bound to Lott Gregory in 1827.

William Henderson, son of Nancy Henderson, was bound to Lemuel Williams in 1827.

Joe Higgins was bound to Henry Henderson in 1927.

George Boon was bound to John B. Thompson in 1827.

Apprentice Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

United States Colored Troops, no. 8.

37 U.S.C.T. Edward Hammonds. Co. T, 35 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 38 years; height, 5 feet 8 inches; complexion, light; eyes, dark; hair, dark; where born, Onslow County, NC; occupation, laborer. Enlistment: when, 30 August 1864; where, New Bern; by whom, A.P. Smith; term, 3 years. Remarks: mustered into U.S. Service at New Bern by Capt. Wm. Sweet 30 Aug 1864, bounty paid $100, due $200.

In the 1850 census of Lower South West, Onslow County: Edward Hammons, 24, in the household of Owen Jarrett, farmer.

14 H. Art’y U.S.C.T. Thomas Hammonds. Co. D, 14 Reg’t U.S. Col’d H. Art’y. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 38 years; height, 5 feet 9 inches; complexion, black; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Onslow County, NC; occupation, laborer. Enlistment: when, 23 May 1864; where, New Bern NC; by whom, Lt. Wheaton; term, 3 years.

In the 1850 census of Half Moon, Onslow County: Thomas Hammons, 55, wife Sena [no age], with Susan, 35, and Thomas Hammons, 24, Seana Littleton, 16, and Marthy White, 13.

2 Cav. U.S.C.T. Wilson Sawyer. Co. D, 2 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Cav. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 17 years; height, 5 feet 2 inches; complexion, black; eyes, dark; hair, dark; where born, Camden County, NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, 24 December 1863; where, Fort Monroe; by whom, Col. Cole; term, 3 years. Remarks: engaged in action at Suffolk, Virginia, March 9, near Peterburgh June 6, 12 and 18, 1864.

In the 1850 census of Camden County: Mary Sayer, 30, with children Pricilla, 7, and Wilson, 2.

35 U.S.C.T. George Archer. Co. E, 35 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 25 years; height, 5 feet 7 ½ inches; complexion, light; eyes, grey; hair, dark; where born, Hertford, NC; occupation, government laborer. Enlistment: when, 22 May 1863; where, Newbern NC; by whom, Capt. Crofts; term, 3 years. Remarks: died at Gov’t Hosptl No. 5, Jacksonville, Florida, 18 August 1864, of chronic rheumatism; final statement papers forwarded to Adjt Genl’s office, Washington DC, 23 August 1864.

In the 1850 census of Southern District, Hertford County: Levi Archer, 43, laborer, wife Lucinda, 31, and children George T., 11, West, 9, Elizabeth, 7, Assirah, 2, and Bartelmus, 0.

36 U.S.C.T. Calvin Bow. Co. C, 36 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 20 years; height, 5 feet 5 ½ inches; complexion, black; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Pasquotank County, NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, 13 June 1863; where, Roanoke Island NC; by whom, Lt. Shaw; term, 3 years. Remarks: mustered 28 Oct 1863 at Portsmouth, Virginia, by Lt. Horton; free on or about 19 April 1861; mustered out 13 June 1866 by reason of expiration of term of service at Brazos Santiago Texas.

In the 1850 census, Suttons Creek, Perquimans County: James Bow, 49, laborer, wife Penny, 35, and children Alfred, 18, Augustus, 15, Joshua, 12, Clarisa, 10, David, 8, Calvin, 6, and Timothy Bow, 1, and Isaiah Overton, 3 months.

11 H. Art’y U.S.C.T. Isiah Dove. Co. B, 11 Reg’t U.S. Col’d H. Art’y. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 23 years; height, 5 feet 5 ½ inches; complexion, dark; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Newbern, NC; occupation, seaman. Enlistment: when, 7 September 1863; where, Providence, Rhode Island; by whom, Capt. Simon; term, 3 years.

In the 1850 census of Craven County: Isaiah Dove, 22, laborer, wife Ann, 23, and son Levi, 3 months.

9 H. Art’y U.S.C.T. James R. Faithful. Co. E, 9 Reg’t U.S. Col’d H. Art’y. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 40 years; height, 5 feet 8 ¾ inches; complexion, dark; eyes, brown; hair, dark; where born, unknown NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, 2 September 1864; where, Alliance, Ohio; by whom, Capt. Olliver; term, 1 year. 

Surname swap, no. 3.

In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County: brothers Lewis Skipp, 16, and James Skipp, 10, both mulatto, in the household of white farmer Stephen Humphrey.

In the 1860 census of Westbrooks, Sampson County: Lewis Henderson, 25, wife Margaret, 26, and children Lewis S., 4, James L., 3, and Isabella J., 4 months.  Also, James Henderson, 22, in the household of white farmer Lewis C. King. 

Lewis Henderson and James Henderson were the oldest sons of James Henderson, born about 1815 in Onslow County.  Skipp may have been their mother’s surname.

Onslow County Apprentices, 1823-24.

James Henderson and Bryan Henderson were bound to Jason Gregory at February term, 1823.

Betsy Henderson was bound to James Glenn Jr. at February term, 1823.

Betsy, Nancy and Appie [no surnames] were bound to David Mashborn in 1823.

Miranda Henderson, James Henderson, Martha Henderson and Bryant Henderson were bound to James Glenn at February term, 1824.

Miranda Henderson was bound to Elizabeth Williams at August term, 1824.

William Henderson was bound to Lemuel Williams at May term, 1824.

James Henderson and Bryan Henderson, “the baseborn children of Patsey Henderson,” were bound to James Glenn Sr. at August term, 1824.

James Jarman, son of Charlotte Jarman, was born to 1824.

Amos Pittman, son of Sally Pittman, was bound to Edward Erwin in 1824.

Betsy Henderson and Gatsey Henderson, daughters of Nancy Henderson, were bound to Lewis Mills at August term, 1824.

Gatsy Pittman, daughter of Sucky Pittman, was bound to Jesse Humphrey in 1824.

In the 1860 census of Half Moon, Onslow County: Edmund Marshall, 25, cooper, and wife Martha, 20, “serving,” Gatsey Pittman, 45, domestic, and D.R. Ambrose, 23, merchant.

Needham Potter, son of Alice Potter, was bound to Charles Cox in 1824.

Patsy Henderson was bound to Amos Askew at November term, 1824.

Apprentice Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

[Sidenote: All these Hendersons are my kin.  My great-great-great-great-grandfather James Henderson and his brother Bryan/Bryant were sons of Patsey Henderson.  Miranda and Martha “Patsey” Henderson probably were their sisters.  I believe Nancy Henderson was Patsey Henderson the elder’s sister, and her children above were Betsy, Gatsey and, possibly, William.  Apprentice records show a dozen or so free colored Henderson children in Onslow County in the first quarter of the nineteenth century.  It seems likely that they were from one extended family, but proof is thin. — LYH]

Onslow County Apprentices, 1820-1822.

James Jarman, son of Charlotte, was bound to James Glenn Jr. in 1820.

Frances Hammonds, daughter of Sena Hammonds, was bound to Joseph Hawkins in 1820.

James Henderson and Bryan Henderson, sons of Patsey Henderson, were bound to Jesse Gregory at February term, 1821.

“Patsey Henderson a free woman of color in Onslow County came into court and desired her two sons (viz) James Henderson and Bryan Henderson be bound to Jesse Gregory agreeable to law and give Jason Gregory and Hezekiah Williams for securities in the sum of $1000 each.”  February term, 1821, Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.  In the 1840 census of Onslow County, James Henderson is listed twice.  First, his household includes 1 male 24-26; 1 female 10-24; 2 males under 10; and 1 female under 10, all colored, and is listed between Bryant Koonce and William Mills.  Second, the household composition is the same, but is listed between William Boyett and Jesse King. In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County: Jim Henderson, 35 year-old mulatto mechanic, is listed in the household of white farmer B.S. Koonce.  [Sidenote: James Henderson was my great-great-great-great-grandfather. — LYH]

Miranda Henderson and Patsey Henderson, daughters of Nancy Henderson, were bound to Nancy Henderson at May term, 1821.

The minutes of May term, 1821, Onslow County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions show that Jason and Gregory gave security for the bond. Court Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.  In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County: Nancy Henderson, 55, and children and grandchildren Gatsey, 30, Nervy, 25, Monday, 6, Lott, 4, Jessee, 1, and Sally Ann, 6 months.[Sidenote: Who was the Nancy Henderson to which the children were bound? A child could not be bound to his or her own parent. — LYH]

Charles Chance and Nancy Chance were bound to Nichodemus Gurganus in 1821.

In the 1850 census of Lower Richlands, Onslow County: Nancy Chance, 44, and her children Right, 26, Vicy, 12, Hester, 7, C.A., 6, and Rache, 3.

Patsey Henderson, age 5 or 6, was bound to Jason Gregory in 1822.

Gatsey Henderson and William Henderson, children of Simon Dove, were bound to James Glenn Sr. at August term, 1822.

The minutes of August term, 1822, minutes, Onslow County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, describe Gatsey and William as “colour’d children the reputed children of Simon Dove dec’d.”  Court Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives. In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County: Nancy Henderson, 55, and children and grandchildren Gatsey, 30, Nervy, 25, Monday, 6, Lott, 4, Jessee, 1, and Sally Ann, 6 months.  

Alfred [no last name] was bound to John Thompson in 1822.

Isaac [no last name] was bound to Bazel Newbold in 1822.

George Boon was bound to John Thompson in 1822.

Onslow County Apprentices, 1819.

Mary Hammond was bound to Joseph Hawkins, 1819.

George [no last name] age 12, son of Hannah, was bound to Henry Thompson, 1819.

Rachel [no last name], daughter of Hannah, was bound to Charles Thompson, 1819.

James Jarman, son of Charlotte Jarman alias Hammonds, was bound to James Glenn, 1819.

Meriah Boon was bound to Buckner B. Berry, 1819.

Omy White was bound to Daniel Marshburn, 1819.

Mary Hammond was bound to James Barrow, 1819.

Apprentice Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Examination of the Negroes charged with insurrection.

Memorandum of the examination of the Negroes charged with insurrection — 1831

At the Methodist meeting house in Onslow County in the neighbourhood of the Rich lands Col Daniel M Dulany, Returned to Jesse Sandlin, Wm H Thompson, John B Thompson, Thomas Battle, James Thompson, Lewis T Oliver, James Glenn, and William Humphrey Esq’rs the following negros, whose names will be hereafter mentioned charged with conspiracy or insurrection, Sept 20th 1831

Jacob charged with conspiracy by the testimony of Aron (who pleads not Guilty)

Aron Sworn – so he says that Jacob was talking of the negroes rising on  the whites about 3 weeks ago on Friday night, that if they rose he had a pretty Good sword, that he would be amongst them, that Ben Rhodes had a gun and sword and Dudley’s Ben had a gun, and since that time at Mr. Hawkins he Jacob wished that the Camp Meeting was nearer than it was, so that he might aid in destroying the whites, that he Jacob, Ben Rhodes & Ben Dudley and Charles were to be the head leaders, and that they wishes to get as many to assist them as they could.

Upon the evidence let Jacob be committed

Tony charged with conspiracy and insurrections –

Aron witness swears that he heard Tony say that he expected that at a Camp Meeting to be held at this place the negroes would rise upon the whites, and that he intended to go to Newbern, when he could get guns swords and other armes, as he had none here

Upon the evidence let Tony be committed

Nathan, the Property of Edw’d Williams, who pleads not Guilty, as an insurgent

Aron Sworn – At Mr Hawkins on Sunday he saw Nathan, who spoke of being at a camp meeting, and expected that at that time the negroes would rise, but did not say anything about his joining them Upon the evidence let him be committed

Jim the property of Edw’d Koonce charged with conspiracy & insurrection

Nathan House Swears that in a conversation between him and Jim, who sayd to Nathan that the Negroes might take the whites who replied and said how was that possible when the negroes had no guns or weapons.

Upon the evidence let him have 39 lashes

Abram charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

Simon charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

Jerry Murray charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

David Tragel charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

Bill Trasel charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

Anthony Rowe charged with Conspiracy &c, who pleads not Guilty, let him be acquitted.

Mariah charged and acquitted.

Ward Humphrey charged as above, pleads not guilty, let him be acquitted.

Joshua Whitehurst charged as before pleads not guilty, let him be dismissed.

John Phillips Charged as before pleads not guilty, let him be acquitted.

Slaves Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Dangerous characters.

We the grand jury present Sarah, Hannah, Betty, being free negroes, as dangerous characters.

/s/ Challe Eagerton, Jas Forbs, W.W. Shaw, Lot Williams, David Jenkins, Jas. Scott, Mitchel Barber, Samuel Evens, Hinton Barber, James Brown, John Jarman, Danis Aman, Wm Webb.

———-

We as grand Juriors present a Certain percis of Free Negres that has not been Dealt with according to law having obtaind their Freedom by John Pair which Negroes are named [illegible] Sarah Boon July 9th 1816 /s/ Charles Agerton, Samuel Evins, Dennis Aman, James Brown, John, Jarman, David Jenkins, Mitchell Barber, Wm Webb, James H. Barber, Lott Williams, John Marshel, James Fioller, Wm Shaw.

Slave Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

[Side Note: “Dangerous characters”? Why?]

The blessing of liberty.

To the Worshipfull the Justices of Onslow County Court.  The petition of Kilby Jones & William Ferrand, Executors of Edward Starkey, esquire, respectfully, Sheweth, That the Said Edward was owner of the following Slaves, Viz: Affe, Susanna & daughter Franky, Old Woman Pleasant, Nancy, Rachael, her son Solomon & David a Molattoe, whose faithfull and meritorious services he was desirous should be rewarded with the blessing of liberty, and the said Edward by his last will directed your petitioners his Executors to obtain the emancipation of said negroes, and by his said will made such provisions for their Support, as will enable the said negroes with their accustomed industry & Honesty to maintain themselves in a respectable though humble station in life.  Your petitioners pray that they may be permitted by the licence of this worshipfull Court to carry into effect the benevolent wish of their testator, and to emancipate the said negroes.  And as in duty bound they shall ever pray.  October 6th 1809   /s/ Kilby Jones, Wm. Ferrand

On the petition of the executors of Edward Starkey Jun’r Dec’d Ordered that they have leave to make free the following slaves to wit Aff. (see petition)  The said petitioners entering into bonds with securities to be approved of agreeably to law.

Slave Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.