Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: apprentices

They will no doubt make exertions to conceal him.

RUNAWAY from the subscriber on the 24th ult., a free colored boy named Josiah Price, an indented apprentice. He is almost 14 years of age, very dark mulatto, about 5 feet 2 or 3 inches high. It is believed he is lurking in the neighborhood of Gates Court House, where he has a grandmother, and two brother names Jim and Peter Price, who will no doubt make exertions to conceal him. I will give the above reward and pay all necessary expenses, to any person who will deliver him to me, or so confine him that I get him again.  LEM’L SKINNER. Chowan Co. Nov 9th 1831.

Edenton Gazette, 9 December 1831.

Surly when spoken to.


RANAWAY from the subscriber, on the night of the 7th instant, a bound mulatto girl, aged between 15 and 17, named ELIZA LUNCE. Said girl is a dark mulatto, tolerably well grown for her age, and is surly when spoken to. She will no doubt take some other name than her real one. She was enticed away by her mother, Nancy Lunce, and Rowland Jones, a free man of color.

I will give ten dollars to any one who will deliver said girl to me, or five dollars for her confinement in any jail in the State so that I get her again. The subscriber resides six miles North of Raleigh, N.C.   EDWARD CHAPPELL.

February 12, 1853.

Armwoods on the lam.

$200 Reward!

Stop the Thieves and runaway Mulattoes.

WHEREAS, sometime ago, Jemima Armwood, a free mulatto woman, for the sum of $200, (to enable her to purchase her husband, named Richard, or commonly called Dick Youngblood, well known in Barnwell District, So. Ca.) bound three of her Girls, named Becky, about 17 years old, Teena, about 14, and Darcas, about 12, to me, to serve as indented servants, and on Thursday, the 8th instant, they inveigled them from my service and removed to parts unknown, taking them my three servants; they besides committed several acts of swindling, theft, outrages, and other rogueries, to myself and others, — such as stealing my sulkey and harness, and selling them in Hamburg, S.C., on the 7th instant; and on the 8th, assaulting and beating a white man, a respectable old gentleman; and many other villainies too numerous to be here inserted.

A reward of $200 dollars will be paid for apprehending the said Jemima, her husband Dick, Becky, Teena, and Darcas, and deliver them to me, or in the Augusta Jail. They have besides five smaller children, one a sucking baby, and may probably have their son, named Daniel, about 22 years of age, all mulattoes, 10 or 11 in number. They started with a cart and a white blind mare; the cart is an uncommon one, it has a very large new body nailed to the shafts, the wheels are from an old gig, originally painted green, but dirty – the axletree of the cart is wood, and the ends that goes in the wheels are iron. Dick is short, about 40 or 50 years of age, illiterate but keen, artful, and well acquainted with the world – most any subject can furnish him with grounds on which to build plausible stories, to secure in his favor the sympathy of others; (and girls are known to be prolific subjects.) Therefore, in order, if possible to counteract his cunning, and as I am not known at a distance, let it be known that I am a married man, with wife and seven small children, the oldest only ten years. I employed the three girls in nursing my small children, and to no other work, and never whipped them; but Dick gave Teena a most unmerciful whipping on the 8th instant, for not robbing me according his directions, and may probably place that whipping too, to my credit, in order to enlist the feelings of others in his favor. – They have been traced to Fayetteville, N.C., and arrived there between the 18th and 26th February. JOHN GUIMARIN, Watch Maker, No. 171, Broad Street. Augusta, Geo. Feb. 23, 1827.

Fayetteville Weekly Observer, 3 May 1827.

Wayne County Apprentices, 1844.

Joseph Seaberry, age 2 years 8 months, and Exeline Seaberry, age 4 years 8 months, were bound to Burwell Martin.

Patrick Artis, 4 1/2, was bound to Martin Sauls.

John Artis, 2, was bound to William Aycock.

Thomas Artis, 15, and Rufus Artis, 5, were bound to William Hooks.

Henderson Gandy, 17, was bound to Thos. T. Hollowell.

Jacob Goins, 10, was bound to Washington Hooks.

John Carroll was bound to Robert McKinnie.

John Hagans, 15, was bound to Bunyan Barnes.

Apprentice Records, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Wayne County Apprentices, 1843.

Eliza Hagans, 16, was bound to Lovet Peacock in 1843.

William Ayers, 13 was bound to Fred Hollomon in 1843.

In the 1860 census of Black Creek, Wilson County: William Ayres, 30, farm laborer, in the household of Stephen Privett, farmer.

John Q. Barfield, 12, Thomas Barfield, 11, and Henry Barfield, 7, were bound to John Hooks in 1843.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Henry Barfield, 14, in the household of Mary Hooks. In the 1860 census of Nahunta, Wayne County: Thomas Barfield, 32 turpentine hand, with Charly A., 16, and Melvina Barfield, 2.

William Ayers, 13, was bound to Enos Rose in 1843.

Ruben Artis, 1, and July Artis, 1, were bound to John Exum in 1843.

In the 1850 census of Warren, Warren County: Reuben Pettiford, 50, stonemason, wife Judy A. Pettiford, 37, children Eliza Artis, 21, Alfred Artis, 15, Jack Artis, 13, Rhody Artis, 12, Ruben Artis Jr., 10, Julian Artis, 9, Mary Artis, 7, Elizabeth J. Pettiford, 5, and Virginia Pettiford, 3, plus Middy Artis, 60, and Isah Artis, 4 months. [Sidenote: This family appears in a number of permutations in the 1850 and 1860 censuses. Apparently, Reuben Pettiford and Judy Pettiford married late, if at all, and did not always cohabitate.  –LYH.]

Simpson Artis, 14, Jordan Artis, 11, Henry Artis, 9, Duncan Artis, 7, Ned Artis, 7, Leonard Artis, 4, Nancy Artis, 2, Rasberry Artis, 1, and Levinah Artis were bound to Burket Barnes in 1843.

In the 1850 census of Monroe, Howard County, Indiana: Simpson Artis, 22, laborer, born NC, and John Owens, 24, born Indiana. In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Henry, 15, Duncan, 13, Lenoard, 10, and Ashberry Artice, 7, in the household of Burkett Barnes, farmer. In the 1860 census of Saulston, Wayne County: Olive Artis, 60, Elizabeth Artis, 20, Jordan, 27, and infant, 1 month. 

Apprentice Records, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives; federal censuses.

An apprentice to the house carpenter’s trade.

“Samuel Lemly (ca. 1790-1848) was a master carpenter, contractor, and planter in Rowan County, North Carolina who was responsible for several building projects in the western piedmont including a major bridge over the South Yadkin River (1825) and the first eight buildings at Davidson College (1836-1838). His career as a master builder in North Carolina covered the period from the 1810s through the 1830s, after which he moved to Mississippi, where he died and was buried in Jackson.

“Records suggest that Lemly was at his most active as a carpenter and builder in the 1820s. In August 1819 he took William Kent, a free Negro, as apprentice to the house carpenter’s trade, and during the 1820s he apprenticed six other youths: Alfred Huie (August 1822); Anderson Cowan (July 1823); Samuel Kent, a free Negro (February 1824); David Fraley (May 1824); Jeremiah Brown (November 1825); and Joseph Hampton (November 1827). …”

As published in North Carolina Architects and Builders: A Biographical Dictionary,  (All rights retained.) This web site is a growing reference work that contains brief biographical accounts, building lists, and bibliographical information about architects, builders, and other artisans who planned and built North Carolina’s architecture.  

I bind my son and daughter.

THIS INDENTURE Made this 5th day of June in the year 1795 Between Hannah Robertson of Anson County and state of North Carolina of the one part and Joseph Clark of the same County of the other part Witnesseth that I said Hannah Robertson for and in consideration of Divers good cause me thereunto moveing have put placed & bound unto Joseph Clark my two children Viz. my son Mastin Robertson & my Daughter Sarah Robertson until they arrive at the age of Twenty one years each that is to say that I Bind my Son Mastin for the Term of Twelve years and nine months and my said Daughter Sarah for the term of Twelve years and Seven month from the date hereof And also I Rachael Chaves do put under and Bind unto Joseph afsd.  My son Edmond Chaves for the Term of Eighteen years & ten month from the date hereof  Each one to learn the Business and occupation of planter etc. he the said Joseph Clark obliging himself to find and provide for them the afsd. Children or cause it to be done Sufficient & usual provision & Clothing and other nessessaries fit for their Condition and Station during the said term and I the said Hannah Robertson & Rachael Chaves by these presents vest and Authorise him the said Joseph Clark with full power to compel them in a Reasonable way to comply with their duty as Bound Servants etc. In Witness whereof we Hannah Robertson & Rachael Chaves have hereunto set our hands & seals the day and year above written.   Hannah X Robertson   Rachel X Chaves

Witnesses Ezra Bostick J.P., James Fields, Samuel Curtis

Deed Book E, page 352. Register of Deeds Office, Anson County Courthouse, Wadesboro.


Wayne County Apprentices, 1841-1842.

Jacob S. Read, 6, was bound to David Barden in 1841.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Tabitha Read, 38, with children Jacob, 16, Nancy, 14, Rachell, 11, David, 5, and Margarett, 3.

John Hagans, 4, was bound to Elias Barnes in 1841.

John G. Hall, 8, was bound to James Hall in 1841.

Mary Jones, 4, was bound to William Sauls in 1841.

Hillary Jones, 7, was bound to Bardin Jones in 1841.

Briley Lane, 16, was bound to Jesse Lane in 1841.

John Artis, 19, was bound to Sarah Davis in 1841.

Mancy Seaberry, 8, was bound to William T. Williams in 1841.

In the 1860 census of Saulston, Wayne County: Manse Seberry, 27, cook, with sons James, 2, and Joseph, 9 months, in the household of David Barden, farmer. [Next door, the household of Th.o Seaberry, 50, farmer.]

Jim Carroll was bound to William C. Bryan in 1842.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: James Carroll, 20, farmhand, is listed in the household of Wm. C. Bryan, 38, clerk of Superior Court.

Jim Carroll, Willie Carroll and Henry Carroll were bound to Samuel Smith in 1842.

Andrew Mitchell, 3, and Jacob Mitchell, [no age listed], were bound to Absalom Sauls in 1842.

Betsey Morris, 9, was bound to Thomas Horn in 1842.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Elizabeth Morris, 17, is listed in the household of Thomas Horn, farmer.

Nancy Lucas was bound to William Thomson in 1842.

John Hagans, 5 months, was bound to Lemuel Edmundson in 1842.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: John Hagins, 8, is listed in the household of Lemon Edmonson, farmer. In the 1860 census of Davis, Wayne County: John Hagans, 18, in the household of Leml. Edmundson.

Henderson Gandy, 15, was bound to Rob Williams in 1842.

Rigdon Wise, 17, and Marenda Wise, 13, were bound to Asher Pipkin in 1842.

In the 1850 census of South Side of Neuse, Wayne County:  Marenda Wise, 50, with Sally, 20, Rigdon, 26, and Zilpha Wise, 5 months. Sally and Zilpha were described as mulatto; the others, white. Next door: Betsey Wise, 28, with Sarah, 4, Dury, 10 months, and Rebecca Wise, 65; all white.  In the 1860 census of Cross Roads, Wayne County: Sally Wise, 45, with Elizabeth, 28, Sarah, 15, Dary, 9, Marenda, 27, Zilpha, 8, and Edmund Wise, 3; all white. [It appears that Sally and Marenda’s names are reversed in the 1850 census.] In the 1870 census of Grantham, Wayne County: Sallie Wise, 60, Renda, 38, Zilpha, 20, Edmond, 15, and Monroe Wise, 6; with Ann Brown, 75, and Susan Lewis, 45. Renda’s color was initially described as M, then a W was superimposed.

Apprentice Records, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives; federal censuses.

Wayne County Apprentices, 1839-40.

Wilie Carroll was bound to William McKinne in 1839.

Bill Capps, 7, was bound to Harris Barfield in 1839.

Jinnet Burnett, 7, was bound to Calvin Coor in 1839.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Jennett Burnett, 18, in the household of Bright Sasser, 54, farmer.

Wilie Burnett, 2, was bound to Asher Pipkin in 1839.

Mary A. Hagans was bound to W. Thompson in 1839.

Ann Goins was bound to Jonathan Pike in 1839.

Angeline Seaberry was bound to William Thomson in 1839.

Rufus Artis was bound to William Hooks in 1840.

Rufus Artis and Ben Artis were bound to Martin Sauls in 1840.

In the 1850 census North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Rufus Artice, 17, farmhand, and Persey Artice, 17, in the household of Martin Sauls, 40, farmer.

Trecy Davis, 9, was bound to Kenan Grantham in 1840.

In the 1850 census of South Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Tresia Davis, 21, and children George, 2, and Susan, 6 months, in the household of Kenan Grantham, 50, farmer. In the 1860 census of Neuse River, Johnston County: Tresia Davis, 28, serving, and her children Susan, 12, Olin, 7, Sarah, 5, Alsey, 2, and Laura, 9 months, in the household of Lewis P. Lindsey, 35, farmer.

Lawrence Hagans, 19, was bound to Jesse Bogue in 1840.

In the 1860 census of Goldsboro, Wayne County: Lawrence Hagans, 39, ditcher, wife Charity, 35, and children Melvina, 12, Wm. A., 13, Leonas, 9, Everett, 6, and Alsey, 2.

Penny Winn, 3, was bound to Burnet Peacock in 1840.

Augustus Brunt, 7, was bound to Asher Pipkin in 1840.

In the 1850 census of South Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Augustus Brunt, 12, in the household of William Benson, 29, farmer. Also, in the same district: Polly Brunt, 35, born Johnston County, and son Augustus, 12, born Wayne.

Rhody Roe, 12, was bound to Godfrey Stansill in 1840.

Apprentice Records, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives; federal censuses.

Runaway bound boy, no. 9.


RANAWAY from the subscriber, about the first of January last, a negro boy, (an indented Apprentice,) named WASHINGTON. Said boy is between 19 and 20 years of age, and rather under statue, of light complexion, — no particular marks or scars recollected. – I understand that Washington has been seen near Durham’s Creek, in the neighbourhood of which place he is not no doubt lurking.

The above reward, and all reasonable expences, will be paid on his delivery to me in Newbern, or secured in any Jail so that I get him again. – All persons are forwarned from harboring said boy as I am determined to enforce the law against all such as may offend.  JOHN GILDERSLIEVE. March 8, 1828.

Newbern Sentinel, 19 April 1828.