Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Johnston County

The Carroll brothers hang.

Raleigh, April 1. – We understand that a free boy of color, named Ned Carroll, was tried at Johnston Superior Court last week, for an assault upon a white female, with an intent to commit a rape. The case was clearly made out to the Jury, who bro’t in a verdict of Guilty. He is sentenced to be hung on the 25th instant. – Register.

North-Carolina Free Press (Halifax), 11 April 1828.


Supreme Court. – On Thursday, the case of HENRY CARROLL, a free boy of color, indicted for an attempt to commit a rape upon a young woman, in the county of Johnston, was taken up, having been removed here for trial. The charge was made out on behalf of the State, with great clearness, by the Attorney General SAUNDERS. The Prisoner was defended by Messrs. MANLY and GEO. W. HAYWOOD, with great ingenuity, considering the utter hopelessness of the task assigned them by the Court. The Jury remained out but a few minutes, before they returned with a verdict of GUILTY, on Friday, after a suitable address to the pronounce sentence of DEATH against him, to be carried into execution, on Friday the 6th of May next. It is a singular and melancholy coincidence, which ought to be stated, that a brother of this boy’s was hung in Johnston county, only a year or two ago, for a like offence! This startling fact illustrates more forcibly the uselessness of Public Executions, than whole columns of argument. Ral. Reg.

Roanoke Advocate (Halifax), 21 April 1831.

Her mulatto child was nursed by a negro woman.

The Petition of John Chambers of Haywood County Humbly Sureth Your Honerable Body that about the first day of February, that a certain Theophilus Oneal who emigrated from Johnson County in this State to this Haywood County. And that after some acquaintance with the family of Mr. Theophilus Oneal Your Petitioner Maried his daughter Riney. But in Abouts two Weeks after marriage your petitioners Wife was charged With having been delivered of a Molatto Child which was Nused by a Negro Woman of the said Theophilus Oneals the Father inlaw of the Petitioner. After being Charged with the above crime, the family has since the Mariage Confessed the fact. After which time your Petitioner carried his wife Riney to her father and has never lived with her since. Your Petitioner is a poor young Man but Wish to Conduct him self in such a manner so as to render himself Respectable, as this petition May Want form, Gramar, and eloquence yet there is one thing he feels himself weel assured of that is the correctness of his Narative he therefore wish your honerable Body to take his case into serious consideration and pass a law to annul the Marriage of your unfortunate Petitioner, And in duty bound he Will ever pray, your petitioner think it needless to have paper crowded with Names he therefore Contents himself with having a few of the respectable part of his neighbours or county men placed on the petition.


The Committee on Divorce & Alimony to whom was before the Petition of John Chambers of Haywood County, have had the same under consideration and ask him to report; Your committe find that the said John Chambers intermarried with Riney ONeal the daughter of Theophilus ONeal, who was emigrated from the County of Johnson to the County of Haywood three or four years since, and that some short time afterward, the said Chambers discovered, and it appears to your committee in proof likewise, that it was the common talk previous to their removal from the County fo Johnson, and has been, subsequently acknowledged by the family that the said Riney (previously to her removal) had been delivered of a mulatto child; And it appears further to your Committe that as soon as the Petioner the said John Cahmbers had ascertained this fact, he returned or carried his wife to her parents, & with whom and himself  there has been no fellowship since __ Your Committe aware of the importance of rendering indi[illegible]ible teh marriage contract, and of that demoralizing tendency which a seperation under any circumstances produces, are yet of an opinion, that the prayer of the Petitioner in this Case should be granted, and therefore recommended the passage of the accompaning bill. All which is respectfully submitted.  /s/ J.G.A. Williamson, Ch. of the Com.

General Assembly Session Records, November 1825-January 1826, Box 4, North Carolina State Archives.

Free Colored Heads of Household in Johnston County, 1790.

Doll Burnet, Sander Burnet, Olive Scott, Stephen Powell, Holiday Arthcock.

[Sidenote: Forty-seven free people of color lived in these households. Another 17 lived in households headed by whites. — LYH]

James L. & Bettie Johnson Mozingo.

ImageJAMES LODY MOZINGO was born about 1862 in Cumberland County to Wiley Mozingo (ca1830-ca1915) and Agnes Allen Mozingo (ca1840-1923). His wife Bettie Johnson Mozingo was born around 1873 in Johnston County to Stephen Johnson (1838-1914) and Mary Sasser Johnson (1845-??).

In the 1860 census of Cumberland, Cumberland County: Wiley Mozingo, 25, wife Agus, 20, and children S.E., 4, Mary C., 3, and Lavina, one month. The censustaker noted that S.E. and Mary had red hair.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: MISCELLANEOUS, no. 8.

Marsellas Evans. Died 21 September 1922, New Hope, Chatham County. Colored. Married to Emmer Evans. Farmer. Age 64. Born Hatham County to Granderson Evans of Chatham County and Arbella Smith of Raleigh. Buried Mount Zion Church. Informant, Weldon Evans.

In the 1860 census of Eastern Division, Chatham County: Granderson Evans, 36, farmer, wife Arobella, 20, and children Marcellas, 3, and Leweann, 2, plus William Stewart, 3, and Fab Lucus, 9.

Vancie Ann Glover. Died 29 April 1930, Hickory Mountain, Chatham County. Resided Siler City. Colored. Single. Age 75. Daughter of Kerney Glover and unknown mother. Buried Glovers cemetery. Informant, Berneice Alston.

In the 1860 census of the Western Division of Chatham County: Carney Glover, 38, Mahala, 35, Susan, 15, Sarah, 11, and Ann, 2.

Elda Cummings. Died 14 June 1923, Jones County. Negro. Single. Cook for Chas. Jones. Age about 65. Born Jones County to Jim Cummings of Lenoir County and Rebecca Bowen. Buried Gooding graveyard. Informant, Allen Gooding, Comfort NC.

In the 1860 census of Southern Division, Jones County: James Cummings, 56, cooper, born Onslow County; wife Rebecca, 52; and John J., 21, Farina, 10, and Elda Cummings, 6. 

Polly Edmundson. Died 20 May 1923, Nahunta, Wayne County. Colored. Widow of Lewis Edmundson. Born 1860 in Wayne County to Henry Hobbs of Johnston County and Elizabeth Hogans, Johnston County. Buried in Bert graveyard. Informant, Wesley Hobbs.

Lucinda Artis.  Died 23 June 1931, Wilson, Wilson County. Resided at 310 Reid Street. Colored. Widow of Jessie Artis. Age 84. Born Wayne County to Henry Hobbs of unknown and Elizabeth Hobbs of Wayne County. Buried in Wayne County. Informant, Cora Artis, Wilson NC.

In the 1860 census of Neuse River, Johnston County: Henry Hobbs, 37, distiller, wife Betsey, 36, and children Lucinda, 12, John, 11, Nicey, 9, Laurina, 7, Francis, 5, Polly, 4, and Green, 3.

George King.  Died 6 November 1923, Dudley, Wayne County. Colored. Single. Blacksmith. Age 76. Born Wayne County to Jim King of NC and Susie Booker of Duplin County. Informant, Jim King.

In the 1860 census of Buck Swamp, Wayne County:  James King, 43, carpenter, Susan, 27, and children George, 9, James H., 8, Jerome, 4, John, 4 months, and Polly A., 2.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: BURNETT.

Bettie Alford.  Died 7 September 1916, Smithfield, Johnston County. Colored. Widowed.  Dressmaker. Born 1 June 1856, Goldsboro, Wayne County, to Thomas Waters and Dolly Burnett. Buried Smithfield NC.  Informant, India Hicks, Smithfield.

In the 1860 census of Goldsboro, Wayne County: Dolly Burnett, 20, sewing, with Polly, 18, Betsy, 5, and William An Burnett, 3.

John Henry Burnett.  Died 2 June 1921, Seventy-first, Cumberland County. Colored. Married to Lula Smith. Farmer. Age 72. Born to David Burnett and unknown mother. Informant, J.S. Hughes.

In the 1860 census of Western Division, Cumberland County: David Burnett, 42, farmer, wife Jane, 30, and children Mary, 12, Elizabeth, 10, Sarah, 9, John, 4, and Laura, 4 months.

Sarah Elizabeth Burnett. Died 13 February 1915, Stewarts Creek, Harnett County. Black. Married. About 60 years old. Born in NC to Evan Chance and Eliza Chesnut. Buried Harnett County. Informant, Mathew Burnett.

In the 1850 census of Eastern Division, Cumberland County: Evans Chance, 48, Louisa, 26, Nixon A., 11, Biddy E., 9, Mary A., 7, William A., 6, Henry E., 5, Joseph, 4, Sarah E., 2, and Curtis, 1. In the 1860 census of Cumberland County: Evans Chance, 57, cooper, children Rhoda E., 19, Jos., 14, Curties, 12, Sarah E., 12, Jno., 6, Dicey J., 4, and Jane, 3, plus Hanibal E. Corbin, 1, and A.W. Chance, 1.

Sarah Smith. Died 21 March 1921, Selma, Johnston County. Colored. Widowed. About 80. Born Cumberland County to John Burnett and Hannah Burnett. Buried Col. Selma cemetery. Informant Gus Smith, Selma.

In the 1860 census of Cumberland County: John Burnett, 47, wife Hanna, 46, and children Guilford, 22, Sarah, 13, Betsy J., 11, Mathew J., 7, Jno. W., 3, and Martha Burnett, 7 months.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: EVANS and PACE.

Willis Evans. Died 24 July 1932, Smithfield, Johnston County. Colored. Married to Viney Evans. Farmer. Age 74. Born Johnston County to Clem Evans and Martha Evans. 

Alexandra Evans. Died 2 Dec 1934, McNeills, Southern Pines, Moore County. Colored. Widower. Employed in merchandising. Born in Four Oaks to Clem Evans of Four Oaks and Martha Jones of Smithfield. Informant, Sudie Holmes.

In the 1850 census of Johnston County: Clemons Evans, 32, farmer; wife Martha, 25; and children John, 10, Willis, 7, Ellick, 5, Lucinda, 3, and infant, 1 month.

Harriet Pace Richardson. Died 23 June 1930, ONeals, Johnston County. Colored. Widowed. Age 80. Son of Alsy Pace and Casandra Pace. Informant, Duke Richardson.

Beadie Williamson. Died 14 March 1919, Little River, Wake County. Colored. Widow of Ruben Williamson. Age about 76. Son of Alsey Pace and Cassandia Dean. Buried Johnston County. Informant, Adolphus Williamson.

In the 1850 census of District 11, Johnston County: Alsey Pace, 65; wife Cashey, 35; and children Noah, 14, Madison, 11, David, 9, Harriet, 7, Beady, 5, and Rhenison, 3.

Surnames: Johnston County, 1850.

The following surnames appear among free people of color in the 1850 census of Johnston County:


A severe punishment.


A free boy of color, named Ned Carroll, was convicted at superior court for Johnson [sic] county, in this state, two weeks since, of an attempt to commit a rape on a white girl; and sentenced to be hung on the 25th inst.  A severe punishment, but a just one.

Western Carolinian, 8 April 1828.

1 pare of Shew buckles 1 Stone Gug

An Inventory of the Estate of Archebell Artis

7 head of Cattle 1 wooden Dish 1 Fether Bed 3 knives 1 par of Sisers 7 Head of Sheep 1 pare of Shew buckles 1 Stone Gug 1 plow hoe 25 head of hogs 1 pott 1 puter dish 3 Spoons 1 testament 1 meal Sifter 1 Ax 1 Gubing hoes 1 weeding ho 2 warter pails 1 pigen 1 Basket 5 rows of pins one five hundred Slay 1 pair of Cotton Cards 2 Deer Skin 1 Bell.

Johnston County November Court 1782 this Inventory was Exhibited on oath in Open Court by Stephen Powell the Adms’r and admitted to record.  Wm. Ward Clk.


An Account of the Sale of the Estate of Archebell Artis Desed in Specie 10th of December 1782.

Mary Artis – 1 Feather bedd £1.0.6, 1 pot & hooks, 1 pale, 1 peggon, 3 spoons, 3 knives, 1 pr cards & puter dish 1 wooden d’o 1 pair buckles 1 Heffer £5.13.6

Stephen Powell Jr. – 1 ax 1 Testament £1.3.6, 7 head of sheep £9.5.-, 1 cow and yearling £3.5.-, 4 head hogs £2.10.-

Estate Books, Johnston County Records, North Carolina State Archives.