Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Johnston County

The infamous business of abducting free people of color.

Fayetteville, March 19. Kidnapping. – We learn that this infamous business is carrying on to a considerable extent, near the lines of the counties of Sampson, Wayne and Johnston, and that five free persons of color, have been abduced [sic] from that neighborhood, by a set of daring outlaws & most probably have been sold in bondage.  If these things be so it is time for the citizens of that neighborhood to be active in their exertions to bring the offenders to justice.  The cause of suffering humanity, calls upon them for a generous effort in behalf of this unfortunate class of our population.  The violated laws of the State require them, as good citizens, to use every possible means to vindicate its humane, and merciful provisions, ferreting out and bringing to punishment its invaders.  Journal.

Carolina Watchman, Salisbury, 29 Mar 1834.


He was whipped well.

Meeting in Smithfield.

We understand that a large and enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of Smithfield, Johnston county, was held on Friday night last, at which a military company was formed numbering about one hundred. Doctor Telfair was elected Captain, and Capt. Morning first Lieutenant — both old and highly respectable individuals.  The meeting was addressed by Drs. Telfair and Beckwith, and by Messrs.Morning, Eldridge, Smith Waddell, Eldridge.   The most united and determined spirit was manifested to maintain the rights of North-Carolina.

On Friday night, a free negro named Boley Bass, was whipped at Smithfield for expressing abolition sentiments.  He was whipped well, then ordered to leave.

Weekly Standard, Raleigh, 7 December 1859.

Holiday Hethcock, Revolutionary War soldier.

State of North Carolina, County of Johnston

Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832

On this 23rd day of February 1836 personally appeared in open court before the Justices of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions now sitting Holiday Hethcock a resident of Johnston Co and State of North Carolina aged about 74 or 5 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832

That he volunteered in the Service of the United States in the summer of 1781 under Jonathan Smith Capt, Jacob Stallings lieut. Alexander Avery Ensign on a service of three month. That he entered the service at Smithfield N. Car. and was marched to Dixon’s Ford on Tar River in the County of Granville thence to Franklin County, thence to Edgccomb Co, thence to Smithfield, thence on to Kinston, then across the River Neuse to Southwest Brun(?) thence up again to Smithfield, thence down the River to Major Crooms where we was discharged having served the full term of three months.  The affiant knows of no documentary evidence to prove his said service, but can prove it by the Rev. Nathan Gully who was with him, and whose certificate is hereunto attached, but whose bodily infirmities do not admit of his travelling to court to give his testimony.  He recd a regular discharge which has been lost.

This affiant had also previously volunteered on another term of five months in Johnston County aforesaid in the fall of the year 1777 and in Matthew Cullers Capt and Lieut Boyte was marched from Smithfield to Richland Chapel, thence across the Cape Fear at Wilmington, thence to Georgetown S.C., to Monk’s Corner, to Dorchester, & to Charleston, and was placed under General Lincoln a few months before Charleston was taken by the enemy.  The General of the Militia under whom he served was named Lillington.  He served out fully his term of five months and recd a discharge from Capt Cullers which discharge has been lost or destroyed.  He knows of no documentary evidence of this said service, but can prove it or a part thereof by Bryant Adams who was his fellow soldier in the Same.

In reply to the prescribed Interrogatories this (1) affiant states that he was born in Northampton Co. Virginia (2) that there is no record of his age, to his knowledge (3) that he was living when called into Service in Johnston Co. No.Ca. that he has since spent about one year in Fayetteville No.Ca. and about 20 years in Orange Co. No.Ca., that he now lives in Johnston (4) that he was volunteer in void his terms of service (5) and (6) answered in Declaration (7) He states the name of the Rev. Jesse Adams John Lee Senr., Colo. John Lee & Wm. B. Allen Esq as gentleman who can testify &c

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid   /s/ Holiday X Hethcock    Test Rm. Sanders

We Jesse Adams a clergyman residing in the neighbourhood of the Declarant in Johnston Co. and Henry Lee residing in the same certify that we are well acquainted with Holiday Hethcock (a free colored man) who has subscribed and sworn to the above Declaration that he is reputed and believed in the neighbourhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revoultion and we concur in the opinion and believe him to be about 74 years of age.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and date above written   /s/ Jesse Adams, Henry Lee

From the file of Holiday Hethcock. Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration

Herring, Union soldier.

Hillary Herring enlisted in the 37th Colored Troops in 1864.  At the time, he was 23 years old, 6 feet 1/2 inches tall, light-complexioned, with black eyes and dark hair.  He was born in Onslow County and worked as a farmer. Herring was discharged from the army on 11 February 1867.  After a two-year acquaintance, he married Kizzy Dudley on 18 December 1869 in Burgaw, Pender County. Rev. Elisha Boon performed the ceremony. It was Hillary’s first marriage, but Kizzy had married John Herring in 1863 and was left a widow when he died in August 1866.  Hillery Herring died 30 June 1876 in Bentonsville, Johnston County, of “disease of lungs.” Dr. Martin Harper attended him during his final illness.  Lewis Hood furnished his coffin and served as undertaker, and Rev. John James Harper, a white man, preached the funeral sermon.

At the time of her application, Kizzy Herring lived in Lonoke, Lonoke County, Arkansas. Many of her witnesses had known her in North Carolina and had also migrated West.  She was poor and little able to support herself.

Abstracted from “#563,970. Claim of Kizza Harring, widow of Hillary Harring, Co. A, 37 U.S.C.T., for Widow’s Pension.”

In the 1850 census of the South Side of the Neuse, Wayne County: John Herring, 50, wife Charity, 40, and their children John Green, 18, Solomon, 16, Daniel, 14, Hillery, 12, James, 10, Outy, 7, Harriet, 4, and Doctor, 0.

[Sidenote: On 21 November 1872, my great-great-great-grandparents, Lewis and Margaret Henderson, and Hillery and Keziah Herring sold two tracts totalling about 80 acres to John P. Cobb and Jesse Hollowell, these being tracts purchased from William R. Davis.  There was no deed recording the purchase from Davis. Both Lewis and Hillery were born in Onslow County.  Were they related?  If not, why did they buy land together? — LYH]  

Free-Issue Death Certificates: MISCELLANEOUS.

John Lassiter.  Died 15 Jan 1915, Wilson, Wilson County. Colored. Married. Age 63. Born in NC to Silas Lassiter and Ophie Simpson, both of NC. Informant, Henry Lassiter, Wilson NC.

In the 1860 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Silas Lassiter, 38, Orpie, 34, Sallie, 12, Mary, 11, James, 9, John, 7, Elizabeth, 5, Penina, 4, Hardy, 3, Silas, 1, George, 2 months, and Delpha Simpson, 14.

William Henry Hall. Died 23 June 1925, Saratoga, Wilson County. Black. Married, Lucy Hall. Born 15 Aug 1946, Wayne County, to unknown father and Exaline West of Wayne County. Buried Bethel cemetery. Informant, Sue Batts.

Louisa Johnson.  Died 15 Jan 1934, Wilson, Wilson County. Resided 503 Warren Street. Colored. Widow of Henry Johnson. Age 78. Born in NC to John and Julia Kersey. Informant, Gertrude Jones, 309 Elba Street, Wilson.

In the 1860 census of Wilson, Wilson County: John Kerney, 37, wife Julia, 31, and children Louisa, 9, Dellah, 6, John, 5, and William, 1.

Harriet Hattie Dixon. Died 16 Jan 1958, Wilson, Wilson County. Widow. Born 27 June 1865, Wilson County to Wyatt Lynch and Nicie [last name unknown.] Farmer. Informant, Mrs. Hattie Anderson.

In the 1870 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Wyatt Lynch, 48, wife Nicey, 35, and children Harriet, 4, and John, 1.

Council Ayers. Died 1 Dec 1915, Spring Hill, Wilson, Wilson County. Born Dec 1830 to Sampson Ayers and unknown mother. Buried Boyette NC. Informant, William Ayers.

In the 1860 census of District #9, Johnston County: Council, 11, and Henry Ayres, 9, in the household of 48 year-old white merchant James Faulk.

Henderson Brantley. Died 2 Dec 1916, Taylor’s, Wilson County. Negro. Widow. About 80 years old. Born Nash County to unknown father and Bettie Brantley. Informant, Chas. Brantley.

In the 1850 census of Nash County: Betsy Brantly, 50, with children Kimbrell, 25, Henderson, 14, and Guilford B. Brantley, 12.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: CARROLL.

Bunion Carroll. Died 28 Feb 1916, Wilson, Wilson County. Colored. Married. Common laborer. Born 10 Apr 1858 in Stantonsburg to Grade Carroll and Susan Artis. Buried Wilson County.  Informant, Mrs. Fannie Carroll, Vance Street, Wilson.

In the 1860 census of Saratoga district, Wilson County: Etheldred Caraway [sic], 29, wife Susan, 25, and children Bunyan, 5, and Joseph Carroll, 3.

Ruffin C. Carroll.  Died 1 Dec 1926, Goldsboro. Colored. Widower.  Preacher.  Age 73.  Born in NC to Joe Carroll and Melvinie Carroll.  Buried Elmwood cemetery, Goldsboro.  Informant, Hardy Carroll.

In the 1860 census of New Hope district, Wayne County: Jo Carrol, 55, wife Melvina, 50, and children Hannah, 25, Daniel, 22, Jo, 21, Willis, 18, Nicy, 17, Vina, 13, Delilah, 10, Ruffin, 6, and Tamar, 3.

Isaac Carrol.  Died 14 Jul 1925, Wilson Mill, Johnston County. Colored. Married to Rosa Carrol. Fireman. Age 60. Born Four Oaks, Johnston County, to Ruffin Carrol and Betsey Carrol.  Buried Vinson cemetery.  Informant, W.M. Rodgers.

James Carrol. Died 30 Jul 1936, Four Oaks, Johnston County. Colored. Widower of Susan Carrol. Farmer. Born 28 Jun 1857 in Johnston County to Ruffin Carrol and Bettie Carrol. Informant, Mrs. Wilkins.

In the 1860 census of the district west of the Neuse River, Johnston County: Ruffin Carroll, 37, cooper, wife Elizabeth, 36, and children William, 15, Isaac, 10, James, 7, and Major, 1.

They intended to come beat me.

William H. Haithcock, age 56, filed claim #20604 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He lived in Fayetteville and worked as a carpenter.  Haithcock testified that he was born in Johnson [sic] County and moved to Fayetteville about 1850.  He lived in Fayetteville up to 1863; then in the country 4 miles from Fayetteville, where he had a farm; then, in 1864, to another plantation one mile from Fayetteville, where he made another crop.  He was living there when the United States Army came through.  He moved back to Fayetteville after.  He worked his trade as a carpenter until he went into farmer.

When he was living on the east side of the Cape Fear River, the Confederates took corn, fodder, chickens and other property.  He was living on the west side of the river when the Union army came.  His house was robbed once by Confederate deserters.  “I talked about it, they sent me word that they intended to come beat me and take what money I had but they never came.  Some of the white men up the river above me.  I understood that I should not make another crop at the place I was living and that I ought to be in the war.”

Lucien Bryant, age 50, testified to Haithcock’s loyalty.  Bryant was a farmer and lived in Fayetteville.  Others who testified were: William S. Taylor, 58, painter; Jonathan Revels, 52, farmer; and son James Haithcock, 19, a farmer and wood hauler.

Show cause why the indentures of apprenticeship should not be rescinded.

North Carolina

To the Shiriff of Wayne County Greeting

You are hereby commanded to make known to Nathan Edgerton to produce into court at the next term to be held for said County at the Court House in Goldsboro on the third Monday of May next, Mary, Raeford, Louisa, Amelia, Devereux, Narcissa, Olif & Sarah Carroll, Children of Margaret Carroll, then & there to Show cause if any he has why the Indentures of Apprenticeship to him should not be recinded — herein fail not, & have you then & there this writ

Witness Benj Aycock clerk of said court at office the third Monday of Feby A.D. 1856

Issued 23rd April 1856                  Benj. Aycock  Clk.

Nathan Edgerton indentured nine Carroll children, aged 1 to 15, in 1855.  Their mother Margaret Carroll, who lived in Johnston County, protested the indentures without apparent success: Sarah, Louisa, Amelia, Olivia and Narcissa Carroll appear in Nathan Edgerton’s household in the 1860 census of Wayne County.

Apprenticeship Records, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

A summons.

August Term 1841.

Notice issued to Margaret Carroll, residing at Mrs. Sally Grice’s plantation, to bring in her children Garry, Feriba, Elvina and Mary Carroll.

Minutes, Johnston County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions.

In the 1850 census of Johnston County, Margaret Carroll and her children Mary, Raiford, Patsey, Mary and William appear in the household if farmer John M. Grice.