Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Evans

Stolen boy rescued in New Orleans.

From the New Orleans Commercial Times.

A CASE FOR THE TRIBUNE. – N. Carolina Standard. The editor of this paper calls for information regarding the fate of Hilliard Evans, a free boy of color, stolen some time ago from that State, by Wm. R. Boswell. Boswell was arrested by Capt. Winter, of the Second Municipality Police, on the charge of kidnapping Evans, and offering to sell him here for $500. He was sent to the Criminal Court, and the boy detained to bear witness against him. Boswell’s friends, however, as we are requested to state by Capt. Winter, a free man of color to bail the prisoner in sum of $1500; the man of color swearing he was worth that sum; $50 was presented to the bailor, for his services, and Boswell was liberated. He is now a fugitive from justice, and the bailor, it appears, is a mere man of straw. Hilliard Evans will now be forwarded to his home by the first convenient opportunity that offers. Capt. Winter has more than once written to his friends. Every care has been taken of the lad.

We trust that the above case will be duly noticed by certain persons at the North, who are so fond of denouncing the South for its indifference to the rights of the poor negro.

The Weekly Standard (Raleigh), 18 February 1846.

Perhaps: Hilliard Evans, 37, listed in the 1870 Mortality Schedule for Granville County. A carpenter, he died of consumption.

Runaway bound boy, no. 18.

SUPERIOR COURT. – The Term closed on Saturday. The three prisoners from Bladen were refused bail, and were remanded to prison.

Andrew Jackson Evans was tried for the murder of Joseph Williams, (both free colored,) in this town on the 30th ult. The jury rendered a verdict of manslaughter, and the Court sentenced the prisoner to receive 49 lashes and pay a fine of $100. For the State, B.R. Huske, Esq. (the Solicitor being indisposed.) For the prisoner, Gen. John Winslow and Messrs. C.G. Wright and Neill McKay.

A Special Term was ordered, for the trial of Civil Causes, (which were necessarily almost entirely neglected at this Term,) to be held on the 2d Monday in February. – Fay. Observer.

Wilmington Daily Herald, 21 November 1856.



NOTICE is hereby given to all persons against their employing Andrew Jackson Evans, a free boy of color, as his services belong to me, as Agent. Any one employing him after this public notice, and paying him, will subject themselves to a second payment, besides laying themselves liable for damages. G.S. DEMING, Agt. Jan’y 18.

Fayetteville Weekly Observer, 23 January 1860.

[Clarification: As I learned when I found the top article after posting the bottom, A.J. Evans was not an apprentice at all. Rather, he had been “sold” to Deming for a period of time to pay off his fines. — LYH]

An equal share being $8.75.

State of N. Carolina, Warren County   }

In obedience to an order to us directed from the worshipful the County Court of Warren November Term 1844, we the undersigned commissioners appointed to divide the lands of Matthew Evans Dec’d have divided the same according to the prayer of the Petitioners in the following manner to wit, Lot No 1 drawn by Fanney Toney containing seven Acres valued $1.50 cts per Acre making the sum of $10.50 his Equal Share being $8.75 he is to pay to Lot No 2 $ 1.75 cts the Boundary of which can be seen by refference to the surveyors report.

Lot 2 Drawn by Moses Evans containing seven Acres valued at $7 his equal share being $8.75 he is to receive from Lot No 1 $1.75 the boundary of which can be seen by refference to the surveyors report.

Lot No 3 Drawn by Isaac Evans and containing seven Acres valued at $1.25 cts per Acre making the sum of $8.75 which is his equal share the Boundary of which can be seen by refference to the surveyors report.

Lot No 4 Drawn by Henry Evans valued at $1.25 cts per Acre and containing seven Acres making the sum of $8.75 which is his equal Share.

Lot No 5 Drawn by Crecy Green and valued at $1.50 cts per Acre and containing seven Acres making the sum of $10.50 his equal share being $8.75 cts he is to pay to Lot 7 $1.75 the Bound of which can be seen by referance to the surveyors report.

Lot No 6 Drawn by Nancy Green and valued at $1.50 cts per Acre and containing seven Acres making the sum of ten dollars and fifty cents She is to pay to Lot No 8 one dollar and seventy five cents her equal share being only eight dollars and seventy five cents.

Lot No 7 Drawn by Cely Toney and valued at One dollar per Acre making the sum of seven dollars her equal share being eight dollars and seventy five cents. She is to receive from Lot No 5 one dollar and seventy five cents the Boundary of which can be seen by referance to the surveyors report.

Lot No 8 drawn by Patience Martial and valued at one dollar per Acre making the sum of seven dollars his equal share being eight dollars and seventy five cents. He is to receive from Lot No 6 one dollar and seventy five cents the Boundary of which can be seen by referance to the surveyors report.

All of which is respectfully submitted.   /s/ W. C. Williams, Miles Bobbitt, David D. W. Dowtin

Estate Records, Warren County, North Carolina State Archives.

In the 1850 census of Warren County: Isac Evans, 45, farmer, wife Winny, 44, and children Isac Jr., 21, Mathew, 17, Drucilla, 16, Henry, 13, Crockette, 10, Winny, 9, Elizabeth, 8, Doctor, 6, Nancy, 5, and Moses Evans, 2. Also, Allen Green, 60, Pitts Green, 15, Creasy Green, 55, and John Green, 4. In Warrenton, Warren County: James Green, 73, painter, wife Nancy, 53, and son James, Jr., 15.

A preacher of the gospel dies.


In Fayetteville on the night of the 17th inst. in the 50th year of his age, Henry Evans, a free man of colour, a preacher of the gospel, for more than 20 years.

Raleigh Minerva, 27 September 1810.

They talked about their service and privations together.

State of North Carolina Wak County pearsonally appeared before us Nancey Whitehead widow of Burwell Whitehead Aged ninety years and made oath in Dew form of Law to following affidaved

That She was Raised in the County of hallifax and State of North Carolina and that She was pearsonally Acquanited with Axum Scot and that they was Both Raised in the Same neighbourhood and Lived in a mile of Each other and that She well recollects that he married Alley Sweat and in a Short time after thear mariage had a Son they named him Zachariah and further this Deponent Saith not Sworn to and Subscribed before is August 13th 1846  Nancey X Whitehead

[illegible} JP, Tignall Jones JP


State of North Carolina, Wake County   }  Personally appeared before me Tignal Jones an acting Justice of the peace for said County on the 13th day of August 1845 Gilbert Evans aged fifty seven years and made oath to the following affidavit

That he was personally acquainted with Exum Scott for many years and often heard him speak of his services in the revolutionary War and heard him talk of his distress in leaving home to enter the army. And this deponent further saith that he has often heard his father (William Evans) who was also a revolutionary Soldier speak of the said Exum Scott as a Soldier of the revolution and also has heard them talking together of their services & privations together in the war and saith that the said Scott was always bore the Character of a revolutionary Soldier and always treated as such

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day & date first written    Gilbert X Evans


State of North Carolina, Wake County   }  This day Barney Scott of Granville County appears before me Tignal Jones a Justice of the peace of said County and made oath that he is the third son of Exum and Alley Scott that he is now as he believes 68 years of age and that he recollects when his father returned home from the War and that he has often heard his father say that he served under Col Long of Halifax and often heard him talk of the War and his services in the War and heard him say he served eighteen months under Col Long and further that his father was always called an old revolutionary Soldier & always treated as such and also had heard his father say that Jesse Potts was his Captain and that his father died in Wake County about the year 1823. Sworn to & subscribed before me this 23rd day of July AD 1845  Barney X Scott

Witness Tignall Jones JP


Widow Alley Sweatt Scott and son Zachary Scott, among others, also gave affidavits attesting to Exum Scott’s marital status and war service. There was testimony that Exum and Alley married in 1774 in Halifax County and that they moved to Wake County about 1801. George Pettiford of Granville County, himself a Revolutionary War veteran,  gave an affidavit concerning Scott’s service, and other documents named a third son, Guilford Scott.

From the file of Exum Scott, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration.

In the 1790 census of Edgecombe District, Halifax County: Exum Scott listed as head of a household of 9 free people of color.

The criminal docket.


The Superior Court of Law and Equity for the Counties of Cumberland and Harnett has been in Session during the present week. Nearly the whole of the Term has been taken up with the Criminal Docket. A part of Tuesday and the whole of Wednesday were devoted to the trial of Rachel Freeman, a free girl of color, on a charge of arson. The jury returned a verdict of guilty. For the State, Mr. Solicitor Strange; for the prisoners, Messrs. William B. Wright and Joseph Baker, Jr.

The next business on the calendar was an application of three prisoners from Bladen, charged with a capital offence, to be admitted to bail. They were represented by John A. Richardson, Esq., whose efforts to obtain bail were ineffectual. The prisoners were remanded.

Jackson Evans was then put on his trial for a homicide on the body of Joseph Williams, both free men of color. A verdict of manslaughter has been returned.

North Carolina Argus, Wadesboro, 16 October 1856.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: MISCELLANEOUS, no. 13.

Gray Reid. Died 8 January 1936, Tarboro, Edgecombe County. Colored. Widower of Lucy Reid. Age 87. Farmer. Born Edgecombe County to unknown parents, Informant, Jonah Reid, Macclesfield.

In the 1860 census of Edgecombe County: Bryant Read, 33, farmer, wife Betsey A., 26, Lucinda, 30, Saunders, 23, mechanic, Arthur, 13, Wright, 12, and Gray Read, 10.

Henrietta Smith. Died 21 November 1933, Cedar Fork, Durham County. Resided Morrisville. Widowed. Age 80. Born Wake County to Felin Evans and unknown mother. Buried Guess cemetery. Informant, son Charlie Smith.

In the 1850 census of Lower Regiment, Chatham County: Fielding Evans, 38, laborer, wife Marthany, 25, and children Henry B., 10, Olly, 5, Mary, 3, and Henrietta, 2.  [Sidenote: next door, Richard Evans, 74, farmer, wife Lucy Evans, 73, Granderson Evans, 26, mechanic, and Abby Evans, 12; then, Anson Evans, 30, farmer, wife Viny, 27, and children Andrew, 14, Richard, 11, James, 8, Anson, 6, and Laurina Evans, 3. Fielding and Anson may have been sons of Richard and Lucy Evans. – LYH]

Jessy Lacewell. Died 19 May 1918, Whites Creek, Bladen County. Mulatto. Single. Common laborer. Born Bladen County to unknown parents. Buried Mitchell graveyard. Informant, Ben Chance, Elkton NC.

Even Lacewell. Died 2 July 1915, Whites Creek, Bladen County. Mulatto. Married. Farmer. Born 1855 in Bladen County to unknown father and Delphy Lacewell. Buried “Mitchell G.Y. (Columbus Co.)” Informant, Willie Shaw, Clarkton NC.

In the 1860 census of White Creek, Bladen County: James Lacewell, 38, turpentine, wife Delphia, 38, and children John, 13, Charity, 11, Jesse, 8, Even, 6, Martha, 5, and Mary Lacewell, 2.

James A. Lacewell. Died 25 June 1936, Acme, Carves Creek, Bladen County. Negro. Farmer. Married to Agness Lacewell. Born 9 February 1856 in East Arcadia, Bladen County, to Mike Lacewell and Betsey Graham. Informant, Agnes Lacewell.

I gave him a copy of his indentures.

Haywood Chatham cty. N.C.

I do hereby certify that a coloured Boy, by the name of Banks Evans; that was bound to Col John Farrar of this county, has lived in my employ; for the last three years up to February last; about which time he became Twenty one years of age & in a short time afterward left my employ & hired himself; to a man in my neighborhood in Rutherford county NC. with whom at the time I left in June last he was living as a free man; & receiving pay for his services as a free man; after he became free I gave him a copy of his indentures with the certificate of the clerk of the county court  of Chatham Cty with the county seal thereto attached believing that was sufficient evidence of his freedom.  /s/ Jno. Smith

Sworn & subscribed to before me this 10th July 1837 J.H. Shull J.P.

[On reverse: John Smith affidavit in the case of Banks Evans a free boy of colour — 1837 — August Term]

She hath been arrested.

State of North Carolina Chatham county

We Lucretia Evans & Philip Hartsoe, acknowledge ourselves indebted to the State of North Carolina in the sum of Fifty pounds each, to be levied on our goods & chattles, Land & tenaments, But to be void on condition that the said Lucretia Evans makes her personal appearance at the next county Court for Chatham to be held on 2nd Monday of August next, and not depart the said court without leave, and to answer the within charge – This 25th June, 1826.   Lucretia X Evans {Seal}

Teste. Jon: Haralson , Philip Hartso


State of North Carolina, Chatham County

Thos. Lasater, one of the Justices of the peace for the said County To the keeper of the common Jail of the County af’d.

Whereas Lucretia Evans a free woman of the County af’d. hath been arrested by the lawful authority of the af’d County and brought before me charg’d with entering the house of Vicy Mason and feloneaus stealing and carrying away a web of cloth for which offence she has been duly examined before me and the presumption is she is guilty thereof.

These is therefore to command you the keeper to receive the said Lucretia Evans in your Jail there to remain until she shall be delivered by due course of law, given under my hand this 26th of June 1826   Thos. Lasater

Records of Slaves and Free Persons of Color, Chatham County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: PETTIFORD.

Fathia Thomas Pettiford. Died 10 November 1930, Oxford, Granville County. Resided Hillsboro Street. Colored. Widowed. Age 82. Born Franklin County to Thomas Pettiford and Fathia Anderson. Buried Harrisburg. Informant, H.P. Pettiford.

Sallie Howell. Died 23 August 1934, Oxford, Fishing Creek, Granville County. Colored. Widow of James R. Howell. Age 81. Born Franklinton to Thomas Pettiford and Fathie Pettiford. Buried Antiock. Informant, Mrs. Bettie Cannady.

Beddie Parish. Died 8 January 1923, Oxford, Granville County. Colored. Widowed. Age 62. Born Franklin County to Tomas Pettiford and Fathy Pattiford, both of Franklin County.  Buried Harrisburg. Informant, Alex Parish.

In the 1860 census of Cedar Creek, Granville County: Thomas Pettiford, 40, day laborer, wife Fatha, 35, and children Nick, 24, Minerva, 22, Bettie, 14, Fatha, 12, Delila, 10, Lewis, 8, Sally, 6, and Bittie, 4, plus Elijah Valentine, 90.

Sallie Brandon. Died 9 May 1926, Kittrell, Vance County. Colored. Married. Age 75. Born to Wm. Pettiford of Granville County and unknown mother. Buried in family graveyard. Informant, Isiah Brandon.

In the 1860 census of Oxford, Granville County: Will. Pettiford, 50, farmer; wife Avy; and children Lewis, 18, Bettie, 14, Edny, 13, Sally, 11, Will., 8, James, 5, Lewis, 4, and unnamed, 2.

Coleman Pettiford. Died 24 May 1933, Raleigh, Wake County. Resided 228 East Lenoir Street. Colored. Married to Pheoby Pettiford. Farmer. Born 1837 in Franklin County to Herman Pettiford of Franklin County and Lizzie Evans of Granville County. Buried Mount Hope cemetery. Informant, St. Agnes Hospital.

In the 1850 census of Fort Creek, Granville County: Hillmon Pettyford, 50, wife Lizzy, 40, and children Jane, 21, William, 16, Sally, 14, Coleman, 12, Louisa, 8, John, 6, Gilly, 4, and Elizabeth, 2.

Silas Pettiford. Died 23 December 1935, Franklinton, Franklin County. Colored. Widower. Age 95. Born Granville County to Reuben Pettiford and Rebecca Pettiford. Buried Long graveyard. Informant, Irie Tensley.

Rubin Pettiford. Died 28 July 1916, Plymouth, Washington County. Negro. Brickmason. Born February 1837, Wayne County, to Rheubin Pettiford and Julia Artist, both of Wayne County. Informant, Roberta Pettiford, Plymouth.

In the 1850 census of Warren County: Reuben Pettiford, 50, stonemason, wife Judy A., 37, and children Eliza Artis, 21, Alfred Artis, 15, Jack Artis, 13, Rhody Artis, 12, Ruben Artis Jr., 10, Julian Artis, 9, Mary Artis, 7, Elizabeth J. Pettiford, 5, and Virginia Pettiford, 3, plus Middy Artis, 60, and Isah Artis, 4 months. But see also, in the 1850 census of Louisburg, Franklin County: Ruben Petifoot, 50, stone cutter, wife Julia, 37, children Eliza, 21, Mary, 8, Betsy, 6, Virginia, 4, Moses, 2, and Isaac Petifoot, 7 months, plus Middy Artirst, 80. And see: in the 1850 census of Nash County, Judah Pettiford, 36, Milly Artis, 90, Eliza Artis, 20, Mary Pettiford, 7, Elizabeth Pettiford, 5, Virginia Pettiford, 3, Josephine Pettiford, 1, and Dick Pettiford, 4 months.  In the 1860 census of Western District, Halifax County: Rubin Pettiford, 60, and Julia, 50, Rubin, 22, Julia, 19, Mary, 17, Betsy, 15, Virginia, 13, James, 10, and Isaiah, 11, all Pettifords.