Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: apprentices

Wayne County Apprentices, 1838.

Bill Brooks, 6, was bound to John Lewis in 1838.

John Green was bound to Henry McKinne in 1838.

James Carroll, 8, was bound to William McKinne in 1838.

Jacob S. Read, 3, was bound to Jesse Bogue.

John Gray Hall, 5, was bound to John Davis in 1838.

Barna Burnet, 6, was bound to Harris Barfield in 1838.

Jordan Wiggins, 5, and James Wiggins were bound to William Thomas in 1838.

Winnie Hall, Sam Hall, Zany Hall and Benajah Hall were bound to Exum Pike in 1838.

Wayne County Apprentices, 1836-37.

Calvin Artis, 15, was bound to Erastus Ham in 1836.

Rufus Lane, 9, was bound to Joel Lane in 1836.

Bryan and Lucy [no last names or ages] were bound to John Barfield in 1836.

Sip Read was bound to Sherard Barden in 1837.

Washington Read, 18, was bound to Burket Barnes in 1837.

Rufus Lane, 7, was bound to John Exum in 1837.

Sint Hagans, 16, Hilory Hagans, 20, and Betsey Hagans, 18, were bound to Exum Pike in 1837.

John Hays, 16, was bound to Ephraim Grant in 1837.

Dorcas Hall, 18, was bound to Martin Sauls in 1837.

Churchill Herring, 13, and Charles Herring, 9, were bound to William Wilkins in 1837. Churchill was to learn to be a “gig or wagon maker;” Charles, a mechanic.

Benja Ann Hall, 2, Winnie Hall, 4, Sam Hall, 5, and Mozana Hall, 6, were bound to Starling Daniel in 1837.

Edy Burnett, 10, and Barna Burnett, 5, were bound to Everett Joyner in 1837.

Ephraim Hagans, 10, was bound to Zachariah Davis in 1837.

Susan Artis was bound to Edwin Bryan in 1837.

Harriet Seaberry was bound to Henry Best in 1837.

Minerva Artis, 4, Rufus Artis, Benajah Artis, and Julia Artis were bound to Edwin Bryan in 1837.

Craven County Apprentices, 1812.

On 20 April 1812, “Mr. George Cooper, Take notice that a motion will be made at the next term of Craven County Court to discharge Martin George from his apprenticeship to you.”

On 8 June 1812, Harriot Cully, 6, was bound to John J. McLin as a spinster and Adam Cully, 3, as a cooper.

On 8 June 1812, Jacob Carter, aged 18 years last September, was bound to Isaac Perkins as a cooper.

On 8 June 1812, Rufus Chance, aged 2 years last February, and Ezekiel Chance, aged 16 years last December, bound to William Dove as coopers.

On 8 June 1812, John Chadwick, aged 15 years last September, was bound to Robert Hay and Thomas Youle as a chair maker.

On 9 June 1812, Martin George, 11, bound to John Marchment as a blacksmith.

On 10 June 1812, orphans Manuel Dowdy, Henry Dowdy, and William Dowdy were presented to the grand jury.

On 10 September 1812, Cassa Davis, 6, was bound to Elizabeth Cannon as a spinster.

On 15 December 1812, Henry [no last name], 2, and Washington, [no last name], 4, were bound to Thomas Fulshire as shipbuilders.

On 18 December 1812, Farro Lewis, 18, was bound to Gabriel M. Rains as a cabinetmaker.

Nash County Apprentices, 1778-1806.

At April Court 1778, Jesse Booth, Sylvia Booth, Henry Tayborn, the first two “base begotten” children of Priscilla Booth, the last the orphan of Henry Tayburn deceased, fees pd. Indenture to be prepared again next ct.

At July Court 1779, ordered that Isham Locas, 3, Martha Locas, 4, and Burwell Locas, 2 months, base-begotten children, were bound to Lazarus Pope to learn the art and mystery of planters for the boys and carding & spinning for the girl.

At October Court 1779, ordered that Lucy Locust, 3, Henry Locust, 6, and Joshua Locust, 2, base born children of Mary Locust, were bound to George Jackson, the boys to learn the “art and mystery” of planters and the girl, carding and spinning.

At August Court 1792, Chany Locus, 4, base-born child of Sarah Locus, was bound to Jacob Barnes until 18 to learn to card and spin.

At May Court 1806, Rich’d Shay, age 1 year, 9 months, a base-born child of color, was bound to Reuben Whitfield until 21.

At May Court 1806, Fanny Jones, 4, base-born child of color, was bound to Zadock Sneed.

Minutes, Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Nash County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Runaway bound boy, no. 7.

COMMITTED to the Jail of Rowan County, on the 4th of August, a negro boy named Edward Bailey, who says he is free, and bound to Newsome Westmoreland of Stokes county. Said boy is of dark complexion, about 13 or 14 years of age. N. ROBERTS, Jailor. Salisbury, Aug. 16, 1845.

Carolina Watchman, 18 August 1845.

Craven County apprentices, 1811.

On 11 March 1811, James Culley, 8, and William Culley, 5, boys of color, were bound to William Dove as coopers.

On 11 March 1811, Hetty Carter, William Carter, Sarah Carter and Isaac [no last name] were bound to William Physioc , the girls as spinsters, the boys as coopers.

On 11 March 1811, Peggy Ives, a girl of color aged 12 years, was bound to Michael Guillet as a trunk maker.

On 12 March 1811, John Herman, 7, and Jacob Herman, 10, were bound to John C. Stanly as shoemakers.

On 10 June 1811, Simon Clark, a free boy of color aged 13 years, was bound to Shadrack Gatlin as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, [no name], a free boy of color aged 8 years, was bound to Gideon Jones as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, Rachel Mosely, 11,and Charles Moseley, 15, were bound to William Gooding as a spinster and blacksmith, respectively.

On 11 June 1811, Daniel Mosely, a free boy of color aged 8 years, was bound to John Gooding as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, Mary Mosely, a free girl of color aged 13 years, was bound to Ephraim Standland as a spinster.

On 9 September 1811, Charles Mosely, 16, and John Mosely, 2, free boys of color, were bound to Donum Montford as plasterers.

On 9 September 1811, Betsey Mosely, 6, Mary Ann Mosely, 16, and Rachel Mosley, 14, free girls of color, were bound to Lydia Mosely as spinsters.

On 9 September 1811, Daniel Mosely, a free boy of color aged 10 years, was bound to John Dewey as a carpenter and joiner.

On 10 December 1811, Jim Moore, an orphan aged 17 years, was bound to John C. Stanly as a carpenter.

On 13 December 1811, Nathan Chapman, a free boy of color aged 14 years the 16th day of May next, was bound to William Green as a carpenter.

You snooze, you lose.

William Hooks v. William T. Perkins, 44 NC 21 (1852).

This case arose in Wayne County.  Rufus Artis and Thomas Artis were bound to William Hooks in 1845 to apprentices until age 21. At the time, Rufus’ age was reported as 7 and Thomas’ as 18. In 1849, after a determination that Thomas was, in fact, only 15 when indentured, the court ordered his indenture amended. It never happened.  Perkins hired Thomas and helped him resist Hooks’ efforts to enforce the order.  Arguing that Thomas was bound to serve him until his actual age was 21, regardless of the age listed on his indenture, Hooks sued Perkins for damages for the period November 1848 to February 1849 during which Perkins would not turn Thomas over.  The state supreme court held that Hooks should have amended Thomas’ term at the time it expired, per the court order, to reflect his true age.  Having failed to do so, Hooks was not Thomas’ master when Perkins hired him and was not entitled to damages.

Notwithstanding, in the 1850 census of North Side of the Neuse, Wayne County: Rufus, 11, and Thomas Artis, 20, are listed in the household of farmer William Hooks, along with another apprentice, W.H. Hagins, 15. William Perkins does not appear in the county’s census.  In the 1860 census of Nahunta, Wayne County, Rufus Artis has lost more ground, as he is listed as a 17 year-old, along with Polly Hagans, 15, and Ezekiel Hagans, 13, in Wm. Hooks’ household.  [In other words, Hooks learned his lesson well. — LYH]

I am but illy able.

To the Worshipful Court, Feby Term 1833

I beg leave to request that you would take into your wise consderation and bind my Son Sherard unto Exum Pike, as the said Exum has agreed to find & furnish me something towards my support for his labor, as I am but illy able now to support myself without assistance.  Druzilla X Hagans  Feby 18, 1833

Witness Nathan Davis       N.B. Sherard is about 17 years of age.

[Sidenote: Sherard Hagans was already a father when he was bound to Exum Pike. He and Nancy Hall eventually had nine or ten children. The oldest four — Mozana, Samuel, Winifred and Benjah Ann Hall, small children during their father’s term of indenture — were repeatedly bound until they reached adulthood.  When Sherard Hagins, age 63, married Serena Jackson, 35, on 26 September 1878 in Wayne County, their license listed his parents as Sam and Zilla Hagins. — LYH]

Wayne County Apprentices, 1832-33.

John Artis, 11, and Bryley Lane, 7, were bound to John Davis in 1832.

Possibly: in the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County, John Artis, 28, farmer, wife Seatha, 30, and children Sarah, 3, and Zachariah, 2.

John Capps, 6, and Joe Capps, [no age], were bound to James Everett in 1832.

In the 1850 census of South Side of Neuse, Wayne County: John Lane, 28, hireling, and wife Lany, 25, both born in Wayne County.

Henderson Gandy, 5, was bound to William Sauls in 1832.

In the 1860 census of Kinston, Lenoir County: Henderson Ganzey, 30, in the household of Bryan McCullin, livery operator.

Theo King, 5, was bound to Mark Smith in 1833.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Theo. King, 22, farmhand, in the household of Major Smith, farmer.

John Green, 7, was bound to Lewis Howell in 1833.

Ben Reed, 2, and Washington Reed, 14, were bound to Nathan Davis, in 1833.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Hillard Artice, 37, wife Vina, 24, and children Joshura, 15, Mary, 13, Sarah, 11, Elizabeth, 8, Isaac, 6, John, 5, Daniel, 3, and Hilliard, 8 months, plus Benjamin Read, 20, farmhand. Also, Washington Read, 28, farmhand, with wife Pinnina, 25, and daughter Lewiser, 2 months.

Sherard Hagans, 16, and Needham Hagans, 6, were bound to Exum Pike in 1833.

Calvin Hagans, 10, and William Hagans, 16, were bound to Council Bryan in 1833.

In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse: Sarah Hagans, 30; Eliza Hagans, 5; James Warren, 35, distiller, born Virginia; and Calvin Hagans, 24.

Stephen Mitchell, 8, and Warren Mitchell, 7, were bound to Bunyon Barnes in 1833.

Mary Reed, 2, was bound to [blank] in 1833.

Larkin Hagans was bound to David Bardin in 1833.

Hannah Locus and Daniel Locus, both 5, were bound to Tobias Musgrove in 1833.

Craven County Apprentices, 1805-09.

On 16 March 1805, Joshua Dove, a free person of colour aged 6 years 28 next May, was bound to Thomas Austin as a cooper.

On 10 September 180, William Parrish, a free person of colour aged 5 years last April, was bound to Shadrach Davis as a cooper.

On 13 December 1805, Jeremiah Godett, a free person of colour aged one year last March, was bound to George Godett as a cooper.

On 11 September 1806, William Lewis, free boy of color aged 13 years, was bound to Richard Harden as a tailor.

On 9 June 1807, Israel Harris, a free person of color aged 15 years, was bound to Jane Carney as a cooper.

On 10 [June] 1807, Loftin Chance, a free boy of color aged 9 years, was bound to Thomas Roe as a cooper.

On 10 June 1807, John Dove, a free black boy aged 14 years, was bound to John C. Stanly as a brick maker.

On 13 September 1808, Ann Cooper, a free girl of color, was bound to John C. Stanly as a spinster.

On 12 December 1808, Gatsy Davis, a free baseborn girl of color aged 9 years, was bound to John M. Oliver as a spinster.

On 15 March 1809, Caleb Copes and Jacob Copes, free boys of color, were bound to James Dukes as ship carpenters.

On 15 March 1809, James Dove, a free person of color aged 15 years and 6 months, was bound to Joseph Sparrow as a boat builder.

On 12 September 1809, Jessy Powers, a free boy of color aged 9 years in March 1810, was bound to William Mitchell as a farmer.

On 13 September 1809, Jacob Carter, a free boy of color aged 15 years in December 1809, was bound to Joseph Physioc as a cooper.