Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Fayetteville

One of the insurrectionists.

LEWIS S. LEARY, a free negro, one of the insurrectionists, who was shot at Harper’s Ferry, was a native of Fayetteville, an infamous scoundrel who ran away from justice, and thereby cheated the rope of a deserving compliment. His father still lives in Fayetteville and is a very exemplary citizen — and his brother has a saddle and harness manufactory.

North Carolina Argus (Wadesboro), 17 November 1859.

A white man was arrested.

MURDER. – A free colored man named Jordan Petteford, residing in the suburbs of this town, was shot on Wednesday last, in the public street of that part of the town, and in broad day. He died on the following Friday.

A white man named Powell was arrested on suspicion.

A Coroner’s Jury has been in session since the death of Petteford, earnestly engaged in the praiseworthy effort to elicit some testimony to identify the murdered. So far, we learn, they have not been successful.

Fayetteville Weekly Observer, 4 August 1856.

In the 1850 census of Fayetteville, Cumberland County, Jordan Pettiford, 43, laborer; wife Ailey, 36; and children Wm. H., 16, Jas. W., 13, Amos, 8, Cordelia, 7, Charles, 4, Mary J., 1, and Sarah Daniels, 1.

The peculiar circumstances: the husband might become a slave of his children.

To the Honorable the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina now in Session – The Petition of Lovedy Henderson a free woman of color, respectfully represents that your Petitioner intermarried some years since with a certain man of color by the name of Horace, then a slave, but with the consent of his owner. That since their marriage by care and industry, she has been enabled to purchase her said husband at the price of Eight Hundred & Seventy dollars of Hugh and John G. McLaurin Executors of Duncan McLaurin deceased.  That she has paid the purchase money & has a Bill of Sale duly executed by the said Executors. That your Petitioner now has two children by her said Husband & as by possibility her husband might become the slave of her children, your petitioner is induced to ask the interference of your honorable body, as the only tribunal authorized to grant the relief prayed for. Your Petitioner would not presume to ask this indulgence in her favour, in contravention to the policy of the Laws of the Land, but from the peculiar circumstances of her case & the belief that she will be enabled to establish for her Husband such a Character as to entitle him to the favourable notice of your honorable body. For this, she relied on the certificates of highly respectable gentlemen both in Fayetteville & the City of Raleigh, where they have lived since their intermarriage. Your Petitioner therefore prays the passage of an Act, emancipating her said husband Horace Henderson, and she in duty bound will ever pray &c. /s/ Lovdy Ann Henderson

We Hugh McLaurin & John C. McLaurin Executors of Duncan McLaurin dec’d unite in soliciting the passage of an Act for the emancipation of Horace Henderson as prayed for by his wife and we are free to say that we have long known said Horace who is a Barber and a boy of unexceptionable good character and of industrious & moral habits.   /s/ H. MacLaurin for himself and John C. MacLaurin

We the undersigned citizens of Fayetteville freely unite in soliciting the General Assembly to pass an Act emancipating the negro man Horace, that we have known said Horace as a Barber & a Boy of good character, industrious habits and as we believe of the strictest integrity.  /s/ J.H. Hooper, John MacRae, John Kelly, Thos. L. Hybart, [illegible] Cochran, John Lippitt, D.A. Saltmarsh, Chas. B. Jones, [illegible] Hawley, William S. Latta, Jas. Huske, Duncan Smith, Henry W. Ayer

We the undersigned citizens of Raleigh freely unite in soliciting the General Assembly to pas an Act emancipating the negro man Horace, that he has lived in the place for the last three or four years as a Barber, and has conducted himself with the utmost propriety, that in his deportment he is humble & polite, free as we believe from any improper intercourse with slaves, industrious & honest.  /s/ M. Stokes, R.M. Saunders, Jo. Gales, B.W. Daniel, Geo. Simpson, J. Brown, John Primrose, Hazlett Wyle, Richard Smith, S. Birdsall, Jno. G. Marshall, A. Williams, Fabius J. Haywood, Robert Staniroy

General Assembly Session Records, November 1832-January 1833, Box 5, North Carolina State Archives.

In the 1850 census of Greensboro, Guilford County: Horace H. Henderson, 40, barber, and wife Love, 39, both born in Fayetteville; children James, 18, farmer, Mary Ann, 17, and Timothy, 14, born in Raleigh; and Albert, 10, Sarah, 8, Thomas, 4, and Alexander, 3, born in Greensboro; all mulatto.

[Sidenote: Ninety years after this petition, a Horace Henderson was born into my extended family, but I know no connection between my Hendersons, originally of Onslow County, and Lovedy Ann Henderson. — LYH]

He stopped and labored among them.

Evans, Henry. – Founder of a Methodist Church in Fayetteville, N.C. About the close of the eighteenth century, Henry Evans, a free Negro from Virginia, on his way to Charleston, S.C., to practice the trade of shoe-making, chanced to stop at Fayetteville. He was a licensed local Methodist preacher. He was so impressed with the condition of the colored people that he decided to stop and labor among them. This he did, working at his trade during the week, and preaching on Sunday. The town council ordered him to stop preaching. The meetings were held in secret. At length, the white people became interested in the meetings and began to attend them, and a regular Methodist Church was established. Although a white minister was in the course of time sent to take charge of the congregation, Evans was not displaced. A room was built for him in the church, and there he remained till his death in 1810.

Monroe N. Work, Negro Year Book and Annual Encyclopedia of the Negro (1912).

From father to sons.

Waddle Cade to George W. Chesnut & Andrew J. Chesnut

This Indenture, made this Sixth day of June in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and thirty six between Waddle Cade of the County of Cumberland and town of Fayetteville in the State of North Carolina of the one part, and George Washington Chesnut and Andrew Jackson Chesnut of the County of Cumberland and State of aforesaid, of the other part: Witnesseth, that the said Waddle Cade for in consideration of the Sum of Twenty dollars to him in hand paid by the said George Washington & Andrew Jackson Chesnut at and before the sealing and delivering of these presents, the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge, hath given, granted and bargained, sold, aliened, remised, released and confirmed, and doth by these presents, give, grant, bargain and sell, alien, remise, release and confirm unto the said George Washington Chesnut and Andrew Jackson Chesnut all that tract or parcel of Land Situate, lying and being in the County of Cumberland and town of Fayetteville. Beginning at a Stone on the Intersection of Morgan & Russell Streets [insert illegible] North Seventy degrees West along the North edge of Russell Street two chains to a Stone Mordica Cohens South East corner, Thence along said Cohens last line North twenty degrees East five chains more or less to a Stake half the distance from Russell to Person Street thence South seventy degrees East along the dividing line of Goodorum Davis’ Say that part of the two acres lot drawn by Thomas Davis Junr. Two chains to a Stone on the West side of Morgan Street half the distance as stated above then South twenty degrees West five chains more or less with said Street to the Beginning containing One acre more or less being the one half of a Lot containing two acres drawn by Thomas D. Burch at the division of Dolphin Davis Estate reference to the Records will more fully appear. – To have and to hold the said land, with appurtenances, to the only proper use, behoof and benefit of the said George Washington Chesnut and Andrew Jackson Chesnnut their heirs and assigns, and every of them shall have hold occupy, possess and enjoy the said land, with its appurtenances, without any let, suit, hindrance, molestation, or eviction from or by the lawful claim or claims of any person or persons whatsoever, to warrant and forever defend. – In Witness whereof, the said Waddle Cade has hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and year first above written. – Waddle Cade {seal}

Sealed & delivered in presence of Archd. N. McLean, Neal Shaw

State of North Carolina, Cumberland County  } Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions June Term 1836 – then was the Execution of this Deed acknowledged in Open Court by Waddle Cade & Ordered to be Registered. Test Arch’d McLean Jr. Clk.

Deed Book 41, Page 398, Register of Deeds Office, Cumberland County Courthouse, Fayetteville.

A preacher of the gospel dies.


In Fayetteville on the night of the 17th inst. in the 50th year of his age, Henry Evans, a free man of colour, a preacher of the gospel, for more than 20 years.

Raleigh Minerva, 27 September 1810.

Notice of application.


Application will be made to the ensuing General Assembly of North Carolina for the passage of a law to emancipate Peter Turner, of Fayetteville.

Oct. 10, 1854.

Fayetteville Observer, 23 October 1854.

For the murder of Archibald Beebee.

MATTHEW N. LEARY, jr., a witness for the prosecution, having been first duly sworn, testified as follows:

Examined by the Counsel for the prosecution.

Q. What is your name? A. Matthew N. Leary, jr.  Q. Where do you reside? A. In Fayetteville. Q. What is your occupation in Fayetteville? A. Saddle and harness maker was previous to the war. Since the war I have added to that a small grocery in the same building. A. Have you been a free man all your life? A. All my life, sir.  Q. Where did you reside in the beginning of the year 1867? A. In Fayetteville. Q. Did you know one Archy Beebee there? A. I did, sir, by sight. I knew him when I saw him. Q. Where is he now? A. Dead. Q. When was he killed? A. On the 11th of February. … [p. 3]

ROBERT SIMMONS, a witness for the prosecution, having been first duly sworn, testified as follows:

What is your name? Robert Simmons. Where do you live? In Fayetteville, sir. What is your occupation there? I keep a grocery there. Was that your occupation at the beginning of the year? Yes, sir. Did you know Archy Beebee? Yes, sir. … [p. 47]

HENRY HAGANS, a witness for the prosecution, having been first duly sworn, testified as follows:

Examined by the Counsel for the prosecution.

Where did you live at the beginning of this year? In Fayetteville. What is your business there? Shoemaker. Whose shop did you work in, the first part of this year? I worked with Mr. Henry Sykes. Is that the one-armed man? Yes, sir. Did you know Archy Beebee? Yes, sir. … [p. 55]


… Here is Matthew N. Leary, jr., whose character is unassailed, and unassailable, who says – he was standing to the right of the man who fired the pistol, and his rear, about five feet. … Between Leary and the man who fired his pistol, stood Lewis Smith. Square behind [John] Armstrong – almost touching him – and within five feet or six feet of the man who fired the pistol, stood Henry Hagans; a little further to the front than James Douglass, and to his left stood Robert Simmons… [p.347]

Proceedings in the Case of the United States against Duncan G. McRae, William J. Tolar, David Watkins, Samuel Phillips and Thomas Powers, for the Murder of Archibald Beebee at Fayetteville, North Carolina on the 11th Day of February, 1867, together with the Argument of Ed. Graham Haywood, Special Judge Advocate (1867).

In the 1860 census of Fayetteville, Cumberland County: D. Simmons, 40, Robert, 23, Saml., 20, and Mary Simmons, 12.

In the 1860 census of Fayetteville, Cumberland County: Joseph Heggins, 51, laborer, wife Harriett, 31, and children Henry, 13, Duncan, 9, Lavina, 7, Sophia, 5, and Mary, 3.

Privileges for Joe.

There was sentiment in both [Wilmington and Fayetteville] in favor of granting slaves special privileges. Joe, the slave of Phillis Dennis of Fayetteville, provides a good example of a person in bondage enjoying the privileges of a freeman. Joe was permitted to hire his own time and was accorded the opportunities of any freeman. In her last will and testament, Joe’s mistress conveyed him to Augustus I. Erambert and Charles A. MacMillan. Her will read that they should permit Joe “to exercise his trade without interference.” Erambert and MacMillan were instructed to allow Joe to “occupy possess, and enjoy her dwelling house during his life.” Upon the death of either party the survivor at the request of Joe was to appoint some prudent and discreet man to be named by Joe as a trustee.

From James Howard Brewer, “Legislation Designed to Control Slavery in Wilmington and Fayetteville,” North Carolina Historical Review, Volume XXX, No. 2, April 1953.

A lot in Fayetteville to Joseph and Phillis Dennis.

John P. Leonard to Joseph & Philis Dennis.

This indenture made the twenty fourth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen between John P. Leonard of the Town of Fayetteville and State of North Carolina on the one part and Joseph Dennis & Fillis Dennis of the Town and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said John P. Leonard for and in consideration of Two hundred dollars to me in hand paid by the said Joseph Dennis and Fillis Dennis and before the signing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have bargained, sold conveyed and confirmed and by these presents do bargain sell convey and confirm unto the said Joseph Dennis & Fillis Dennis their heirs executors administrators and assigns the one half of a certain lot of land in the Town of Fayetteville bounded as follows Beginning at James McRackins So Et corner on the West side of North Street, thence along said Street to the centre of the Lot West to the back line being 5 chains it being the upper half of a lot which I bought of Samuel Pearce containing half an acre. To have and to hold the above granted and bargained premises with the appurtenances thereof unto them the said Joseph Dennis & Fillis Dennis their heirs and assigns forever to their own proper use and behoof and against the claim or claims of any person or persons whatsoever.

In witness whereof I have set my hand and affixed my seal the day and year first above written. /s/ John P. Leonard   Test D. Smith, Samuel Brooks

Deed Book 32, Page 20, Register of Deeds Office, Cumberland County Courthouse, Fayetteville.

[Sidenote: The styling of their names suggests that Joseph Dennis and Fillis Dennis were not married, but were siblings or other kin. Though Phillis Dennis’ enslaved husband was named Joe, he could not have purchased property with her. — LYH]