Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Still fully able of taking care of himself.


When Writ of Ejectment Was Secured in Math Locklier in Robeson, He Answered by Pulling His Gun.

Maxton, May 18. – Tuesday Deputy Sheriff W.W. Smith, in company with James A. Shaw, W.O. Burns and G.H. McCallum went out about five miles in the country from Maxton to serve a writ of ejectment on Math Locklier, a Croatan Indian. Math is over 80 years of age but still active and well preserved and fully capable of taking care of himself against all comers, resisted the writ and pulled his gun on the visitors. All departed deciding the climate was not good for their health in that immediate vicinity.

Greensboro Daily News, 10 May 1912.

In the 1850 census of Upper Division, Robeson County: Richmond Locklier, 48, farmer, wife Nancy, 39, Angus, 24, Alex, 18, Joe, 14, Pheny,12, Amy, 10, Artemas, 8, Barnaba, 6, Malachi, 2, Betsy, 2, Alamander, 1, and Mathew, 12; all mulatto.

Killer escaped.


Last night Harris Allen, who was committed for the murder of John James, a free mulatto, of Northampton county, made his escape from the gaol of this town. He is remarkable tall man, and had on a short round jacket. It is hoped the officers of justice and others, will be vigilant in their endeavours to apprehend and bring him to condign punishment.

North-Carolina Journal, Halifax, 20 March 1793.

I think they will aim for Washington or New Bern.

Ten Dollars Reward.

Ranaway form the Subscriber on Sunday, the 19th instant. A bright Mulatto Man named Mark. About 42 or 42 years of age, five feet 10 or 11 inches high; straight and stout built; a good countenance; a film coming on his left eye – had two or three pair of homespun Jackets and Trowsers, some of them filled with wool and dyed purple. He went off with a free mulatto woman by the name of Dill Moore, who has a free pass, and I expect she has procured one for him also. I think they will aim for Washington or Newbern, for the purpose of obtaining a passage on board some vessel bound for a Northern port. Should Dill Moore take a passage for herself only, she probably may have the man put on board privately. The above reward will be paid to any person who will deliver the said Mark to me, or secure him in any prison so that I can get him again.

Masters of vessels and all other persons, are hereby forbid to harbor, employ or carry off the said Mark, as I will prosecute with vigour the person so offending.  JAMES HANRAHAN. Washington’s Ferry, Pitt County. April 25, 1829.

North Carolina Sentinel, New Bern, 13 June 1829.

Says he bought them from a free colored person.


Discovery. – The Jailer in this place, Col. John M. Logan, informed us yesterday, that he had found in possession of a negro slave from Anson county, four keys, two of which were found to belong to the United States’ Mail, and to open it as easily as the key employed for that purpose in the post office at this place.

The said negro was apprehended and confined to prison here about four months ago; and owing to his dexterity at concealment, the keys had never been found in his possession before. He says he bought them, together with two or three locks, from a free coloured person living with John Rushall on Round creek, in Anson county. This statement relative to the manner in which he obtained the keys, is thought not to be entitled to credit, as one of the other keys was a large one, with which he had probably opened some person’s storehouse, and purloined the mail keys, and three $5 bills on the Cheraw bank which were found in his possession at the time of his apprehension.

Miners’ and Farmers’ Journal, Charlotte, 21 April 1831.

To allow.


From the Wilmington Herald’s correspondence we condense Tuesday’s proceedings, which we have not received from any other source: —

Mr. Humphrey introduced a bill to allow free persons of color to become slaves by choosing masters.

Carolina Observer, Fayetteville, 3 December 1860.

Minutes, New Hanover Court of P&Q.

At February term, 1807: Ordered that John Beauford, a mulatto fellow now in prison, for whom F. Fontaine and John McLellan became security for the procurement of a certificate for his freedom, and it appearing to the court that the said mulatto is a freeman, that he be released from prison upon F. Fontaine’s paying his jail fees and that the bond of the said Francis and John be cancelled and given up.

At May term, 1807: Upon the petition of Philip Bazadier ordered that a mulatto woman named Susan be emancipated and set free from slavery and that she hereafter bear the named Susan Bazadier.

At May term, 1807: Ordered that Anthony Williamson be appointed guardian of Major Armwood, an orphan, in room of Bartholomew Byrns, who surrenders said orphan to the court, giving bond with John Walker, and Joel Parrish as securities.

At August term, 1807: Upon the petition of J.D. Toomer and Lewis Toomer, ordered that Sam, a negro man slave of the said petitioners be emancipated and set free from slavery and that he hereafter bear the name of Sam Toomer, the petitioners giving bond with Wm. Campbell, secy.

Minutes, Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, New Hanover County Records, North Carolina State Archives.