Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Manuel

Joshua & Amelia Aldridge Brewington.


JOSHUA BREWINGTON, son of Raiford Brewington and Bathsheba Manuel Brewington, was born in 1846 in Sampson County and died in 1931 in Wayne County.  His wife, AMELIA ALDRIDGE BREWINGTON, daughter of Robert Aldridge and Mary Eliza Balkcum Aldridge, was born in 1855 in Sampson County and died in 1895 in Wayne County. They are buried in the cemetery of the First Congregational Church, Dudley, North Carolina. “Sleep on and take thy rest.”

Photo by Lisa Y. Henderson, 2010.

Pure white and Indian.


Enoch Manuel and wife live in Dismal Township, Sampson County. He is now 70 years old. His father was Michael Manuel and lived on South River and died in 1858. Michael’s father was Nicholas Manuel, a soldier in the Revolutionary War, in John Toomer’s Army. His father was Ephraim Manuel. The records of Sampson County show, book 5, page 222, that in the reign of George III Benjamin Williams conveyed to Ephraim Manuel 400 acres of land, lying on the east side of Great Coharie, charging annual quit rents to His Majesty. We find another deed from Solomon Hardin to Levi Manuel, dated October 10, 1778, for 125 acres on March Branch and Miry Bottom Branch in Sampson County, consideration 50 English pounds. There are numerous other old deeds to the Manuel family on record in Sampson County. The father of Ephraim Manuel was Nickey Manuel and came from Roanoke River and claimed to be half white and half Indian. There is no trace of negro blood known to exist in the Manuel family as far back as they have any record.

Enoch Manuel says that his ancestor, Nickey Manuel, raised Matthew Leary, father of Sheridan Leary, who was killed in John Brown’s insurrection at Harper’s Ferry. Sheridan Leary was a brother of John S. Leary, a lawyer of Charlotte, formerly of Fayetteville, N. C.  …  Sarah, wife of Enoch Manuel, whose picture appears above, was a daughter of Amos Hardin, a wheelright [sic] in Honeycutts Township, and was recognized as a Croatan Indian. This couple have seven children and numerous grandchildren. They have not intermarried with the negro race, and their children attend Shiloh Indian School in Dismal Township, of which school Enoch Manuel was the founder.

[“]My mother’s mother was one Lanie Jackson, a white woman. Therefore as you can plainly see, my father and mother were pure white and Indian. My wife was the daughter of Amos Harding and Cassie Lockamy, a white woman, of Irish descent.

We had in our home several sons and daughters. Jonah Emanuel, who married Luberta Bledsole, daughter of W. J. Bledsole. W.J. Bledsole was the son of Mary Bledsole, a white woman, his father unknown. He is evidently a white man, with some trace of Indian blood. Enoch Emanuel, Jr., also married a daughter of the above W. J. Bledsole. Macy Lee Emanuel married Hassie J. Jones of Robeson County, a person of white and Indian descent. All of the above are descendants of the late Nicholas Emanuel and Jonathan Harding.

Many of the members of the Emanuel family have moved to other sections. They are now living in as many as seven different States of the Union. Some have spelled our name Manuel; others Emanuel. I have followed the latter form for our name in this pamphlet. [“]

From George E. Butler, “The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, North Carolina. Their Origin and Racial Status. A Plea for Separate Schools,” (1916).

They built a school for themselves.

Prior to 1835 these people claim to have attended the schools of the whites. In 1859 they built a school for themselves, which was taught by Alvin Manuel, a Croatan. After the War they were given a public school in this community, but the effort to force the attendance of children of negro blood in this school brought on friction and finally resulted in the withdrawal of county support and disrupted the school.

From George E. Butler, “The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, North Carolina. Their Origin and Racial Status. A Plea for Separate Schools,” (1916).

Michael Alvin Manuel was born about 1837 in Sampson County and died in 1922 in Wayne County.

In the 1850 census of Northern District, Sampson County: Michael Manuel, 63, cooper; wife Fereby, 49; and children Gideon, 19, Cintilla, 16, Drusilla, 15, Michael, 13, Eden, 11, John, 9, William, 7, Enoch, 4, and Nancy, 1; all described as mulatto.

Nathan R. Brewington.

ImageNATHAN R. BREWINGTON, born 1 April 1859 in Sampson County, was the son of Raiford Brewington and Bashaba Manuel Brewington.  He married Abbie Jane Jacobs, daughter of Jesse A. Jacobs and Abigail Gilliam Jacobs, and died 11 December 1910 near Dudley, Wayne County.  He is buried in the Congregational Church cemetery there. “We loved him but Jesus loved him best.”

Photograph taken by Lisa Y. Henderson, 2010.

Enos & Matilda Goodman Jacobs.


ENOS JACOBS (1842-1925) and ALMIRA MATILDA GOODMAN JACOBS (1847-1927) of Sampson County. Enos was the son of Archibald Jacobs and Temperance Manuel Jacobs.  Matilda was the daughter of Timothy Goodman and Nancy Maynor Goodman.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: MISCELLANEOUS, no. 5.

Henry Artis.  Died 7 Dec 1925, Mount Olive, Duplin County.  Colored. Married. Age 73. Farmer.  Born Wayne County to Abson Artis and Liza Artis, both of Wayne County.  Buried Dudley NC. Informant, Anna Artis.

Smitha McNeill.  Died 22 Nov 1924, Averasboro, Harnett County.  “Burned to death in burning building.”  Colored. Widowed.  About 69 years old.  Born in NC to Raleigh Seaberry  and Emmaline [last name unknown.]  Buried Dunn cemetery.  Informant, Alex Cagle.

Madison Seaberry.  Died 7 Apr 1923, Averasboro, Harnett County. Indian. Married to Frances Seaberry. Born 29 July 1846 to Raleigh Seaberry and Emily Emmanuel. Buried Carter Cemetery.  Informant, Raleigh Seaberry, Linden NC.

Dred Hagins. Died 6 June 1927, Speights Bridge, Greene County. Colored. Widow of Martha Hagins.  Farmer. Born 1854, Wilson County to Wilson Hagins and unknown mother.  Informant, Louis Hagins, Walstonburg.

Their first child was born the day ‘Wallis was made prisoner.

State of North Carolina, Sampson County}    On this the 11th day of November 1845, came before the undersigned one of the acting Justices of the pace and  a member of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions for the said County of Sampson.  Milly Manuel a resident of the aforesaid County & State 88 years Eighty eight years who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed on the 4th July 1836 for the benefit of certain Widows.

That she is the widow of Nicholas Manuel Dec’d of the said county who was a draughted soldier in the war of the Revolution as follows one (18) Eighteen months Tour one (9) nine months Tour and one Three months Tour, in all her husband the said Nicholas Manuel served two years and a half faithfully as she has heard him say.

That her husband the said Nicholas Manuel was under the command of Captain Kinion Hubbert and others and was in the battle of Briar Creek and was in the seage of Charleston as she has often heard him say.

That she has caused diligent search to be made for her husbands discharge which she has a very perfect recollection of having seen, particularly a printed one.

That her husband the said Nicholas Manuel lived in N.C. when he was called into the service.

That she cannot now tell the date of her marriage to the said Nicholas Manuel but that he the said Nicholas Manuel served both before and after the marriage.

That she was married to the said Nicholas Manuel before Gen Wallis was taken, that her first child to wit Sheadrack was born on the day that Wallis was made prisoner.

That she was married in Duplin Co N.C. by Fleet Cooper Esqr.

That her husband the said Nicholas Manuel died the 27th day of March 1835 Eighteen hundred & thirty five

Sworn to and subscribed on this the 11th day of November 1845 before me.  /s/ Neill Campbell J.P. Milly X Manuel

From the file of Nicholas Manuel, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration.

Nicholas Manuel is head of a household of free people of color in the 1830 census of Sampson County.

Where are they now? No. 17.

P.M. was born in the mid-1960s in Goldsboro NC.  She is descended from:

(1) Margaret Balkcum [1836-1915, Sampson/Wayne County]

(2) Patsey Henderson [ca1795-??, Onslow County] via James Henderson [1815-ca1885, Onslow/Sampson/Wayne County] via Lewis Henderson [1836-1912, Onslow/Sampson/Wayne County] via Ann Elizabeth Henderson [1862-1900, Wayne County]

(3) Susan Herring [ca1831-ca1890, Wayne County]

(4) James King [ca1817-ca1890, Wayne County] via Polly Ann King [1858-ca1925, Wayne County]

(5) Axey J. Manuel [1823-1885, Wayne County]

(6) Winnie Medlin

(7) Haywood Musgrave [c1805-ca1875, Wayne County] via Alfred Musgrave [ca1857-ca1925,Wayne County]

(8) Phereby Simmons [1772-ca1855, Bertie/Wayne County] via James Simmons [1798-1860, Wayne/Sampson County] via (a) George W. Simmons [ca1820-1919, Wayne County] via Hillary B. Simmons [1853-1941, Wayne County] and (b) Pennie Simmons [ca1825-??, Wayne County]

Where are they now? No. 14.

B.M. was born in Queens NY in the early 1960s.  He is descended from:

(1) Raiford Brewington [1812-1896, Sampson County] via Polly Ann Brewington [-1890, Sampson/Wayne County]

(2) Millie Hale [1755-1855, Sampson County]

(3) Sion Hardin [1775-1850, Sampson County] via Zilphia Hardin [1794-1860, Sampson County]

(4) Jesse A. Jacobs [1822-1902, Sampson/Wayne County] via John R. Jacobs [1850-1922, Sampson/Wayne County]

(5) Nicholas Manuel [1750-1835, Sampson County] via Shadrach Manuel [1781-1860] via Bathsheba Manuel [1812-??, Sampson/Wayne County]


United States Colored Troops, no. 1.

28 U.S.C.T.  Nicholas Manuel.  Co. D, 28 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age 27, years; height, 5 feet 11 inches; complexion, yellow; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Samson Co., NC; occupation, farmer.  Enlistment: when, Dec. 28, 1864; where, Lafayette, Ind.; by whom, Thos. Brown; term, 3 years.

This is possibly (1) the 12 year-old mulatto Nicholas Manuel listed in the household of Ismael and Martha Manuel in the Northern District of Sampson County and (2) the 31 year-old Nicholas Manual listed with wife Anna, 25, in Washington, Boone County, Indiana.

8 U.S.C.T.  Thomas Artis.  Co. A, 8 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 30 years; height, 6 feet 5 inches; complexion, colored; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Wayne Co., NC; occupation farmer.  Enlistment: when, Mar 21, 1865; where, Wabash, Ind.; by whom, Capt. Cowgill; term, 1 year.

This is not the Thomas Artis, age 15, listed in the household of Celia Artis (his mother) in the 1850 census of the North Side of the Neuse River, Wayne County.  He is possibly the Thomas Artis, age 20, listed as a farmhand in the household of white farmer William Hooks in the same district.  He is likely the Thomas Artis, age 27, listed in the 1860 census of Reserve township, Parke County, Indiana, with wife Mary, 22, daughter Sarah C. (2) and “farmer boy” John Bass.  Thomas and Mary were born in NC; Sarah and John in Indiana. 

4 U.S.C.T.  Mathew Jones.  Co. F, 4 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age 32 years; height 5 feet 7 inches; complexion mulatto; eyes black; hair black; where born Nash Co., NC; occupation farmer.  Enlistment:  when, Aug. 30, 1864; where, Bournesville, Oh.; by whom, Joseph Bourgess; term, 1 year.

Matthew Jones, age 18, is listed with his mother Easter Jones and siblings in the household of white farmer Jacob Ing in the 1850 census of Nash County.  Ing was his father.  See earlier post.

Combined Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers, National Archives and Records Administration; federal population schedules.