Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Craven County

The partition of Isaac Dove’s land.

STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA.  To the Sheriff of Craven County, GREETING:

You are hereby commanded to summon Hardy L. Jones, James T. Jones Esqr., Gideon Jones, Joseph Davis & Benjamin Borden to meet at such place and at some time before the next Court, to be held for your County, on the second Monday of February next, as you shall seem fit, then and there to make partition of that part of the lands (which were formerly held in common between Isaac Dove and Anthony Brown) which belongs to the heirs of Isaac Dove and are situated in Craven County on the east side of Spring Branch between George Carter & Sukey his wife. Stephen Godett & Mary his wife. Gambo Fenner & Deborah his wife who own the lands on the east side of Spring-Branch, heirs at law of Isaac Dove deceased, in severalty. Herein fail not and return the proceedings of said Commissioners in this behalf to our Court of pleas and Quarter-Sessions to be held on the second Monday of February next, together with this writ.

Witness, JAMES G. STANLY, Clerk of our said Court, at Newbern, the second Monday of November in the 50th Year of our Independence,   A.D. 1825.  /s/ J.G. Stanly


In obiediece to the Annexed order we the undersigned commissioners have made partition of the Lands heretofore held in common between Isaac Dove and Anthony Brown we find two Hundred and thirty four acres which we divide Eaqually No 1 drawn by Isaac Doves heirs Begins at the patent corner pine and runing So 9 E 203 poles to a Stake thence N 75 W 218 pole and thence to the Beginning Cont’ing One Hundred and seventeen acres No 2 by Anthony Brown or William and Jacob Dove Begins at a poplar the corner of the patent and runing thence No 54 E 90 poles to the corner of No 1 thence along the line So 73 E 218 poles to the corner stake thence So 7 E 45 pole to the patent corner thence No 85 ½ W’t 278 poles to a white oak on Cohoque Creek then down the creek to the Beginning Containing 117 acres In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 4th day of February 1826  /s/ Hardy C. Jones, Gideon Jones, James T. Jones, Benj. Bordin

From the file of the estate of Isaac Dove, Craven County. North Carolina Estate Files 1663-1979, Original, North Carolina State Archives.

Never guilty of any action to forfeit his freedom.

State of North Carolina, Craven County } To the Worshipfull, the Justices of Craven County

The Petition of James Manly an Indian humbly represents to your Honor that he was free born at Edenton and that he never has been Guilty of any Action by which his Freedom can be forfeited by any of the Laws of this or any other of the United States.

Your Petitioner further begs leave to inform your Worships that he has lived some Time past at Broad Creek and that on or about the [blank] Day of [blank] a Certain John Garland came to the dwelling House of the said James Manly and forcibly drove him away and sold him as a Slave to Colonel Levi Dawson for the Consideration of one hundred pounds Specie. Wherefore as your Petitioner is a Subject of this States; and under the present happy Constitution humbly moves that this worshipfull Court will pass an Order for liberating or Setting him free from the service of Colonel Levi Dawson aforesaid and restore him to his Freedom And as in Duty bound your Petitioner will ever pray.    Jas. Cooke Atty. For the Petitioner.

[On back.] James Manlys Petition  December Term 1782. James Gatlin & Levi Dawson  Read and Granted The Petitioner set Free   Chrisr. Neales C.C.

Miscellaneous Records 1757-1929, Craven County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Should he be a slave ….

TAKEN UP, AND committed to the Jail of this county on the 3d of August last, a Negro man who calls himself PETER GREEN, says he is free, and that he belongs to Providence, Rhode Island. He professes to have followed the sea, and exhibits an American Protection, which, however, does not correspond with his height. He appears to be about 33 or 35 years of age, very black, well made, about 5 feet high, very artful, and had on when taken, the clothing of a seaman.

Should he be a slave, the owner is notified to come forward, comply with the requisitions of the law and take him away; otherwise he will, after a reasonable time, be sold for his jail fees, and discharged form custody.   W.C. TAYLOR, Jailor.   October 11th, 1823.

New Bern Sentinel, 24 October 1823.

On the 5th came a traveling black man.

Notice. On the night of the 5th inst. came a travelling Black man, and took up for the night in one of my Negro houses; after my having notice of it, I took him under examination, and he called himself Willie Trip, and produced a free pass under the signature of John Jones, Esq. and John Harris, of Craven county, N.C. with a good recommendation, stating that he was to travel to the Indiana; the matter seemed somewhat suspicious, in consequence I took from him his knapsack, with several articles of clothing, in it also a Red Morocco pocket book, with some cash, together with his pass; intending to further examine next morning, but in the morning he was gone, leaving the effects with me, induces me to believe him a runaway slave. Now this notice is that the owner may have knowledge of his route. He is a stout black sensible fellow, a small scar is on his left cheek, stated in his pass; and very little doubt with me but that he came from Craven county, not far from Newbern.    GEO. BRASSFIELD, X Roads between Raleigh and Hillsborough. January 6, 1820.

Star, Raleigh, 4 February 1820.

Not guilty.

The Superior Court for this county, his honour Judge DONNELL, presiding, commenced its session on Monday last.

On Wednesday, Nancy Quinn, a free woman of colour, upon whose case the jury, at the last term, were unable to render a verdict, was tried for the murder of her infant child. She was found “Not Guilty.”

Newbern Sentinel, 28 October 1826.

Craven County Apprentices, 1812.

On 20 April 1812, “Mr. George Cooper, Take notice that a motion will be made at the next term of Craven County Court to discharge Martin George from his apprenticeship to you.”

On 8 June 1812, Harriot Cully, 6, was bound to John J. McLin as a spinster and Adam Cully, 3, as a cooper.

On 8 June 1812, Jacob Carter, aged 18 years last September, was bound to Isaac Perkins as a cooper.

On 8 June 1812, Rufus Chance, aged 2 years last February, and Ezekiel Chance, aged 16 years last December, bound to William Dove as coopers.

On 8 June 1812, John Chadwick, aged 15 years last September, was bound to Robert Hay and Thomas Youle as a chair maker.

On 9 June 1812, Martin George, 11, bound to John Marchment as a blacksmith.

On 10 June 1812, orphans Manuel Dowdy, Henry Dowdy, and William Dowdy were presented to the grand jury.

On 10 September 1812, Cassa Davis, 6, was bound to Elizabeth Cannon as a spinster.

On 15 December 1812, Henry [no last name], 2, and Washington, [no last name], 4, were bound to Thomas Fulshire as shipbuilders.

On 18 December 1812, Farro Lewis, 18, was bound to Gabriel M. Rains as a cabinetmaker.

Praise for free people of color.

From the Newbernian, of June 11, 1844, THE LOST CHILD.

Bachelor’s Creek, Craven County, June 3, 1844.

Mr. Editor: — On Wednesday evening of the 29th of May, James Riley, son of Mr. Erasmus Wetherington, a very intelligent boy of about 7 years of age, was returning home from the Public School in District No. 7, and had arrived near to his father’s house, when hearing his father’s cow bell, he turned aside in order to drive her home, but unfortunately missing his way in the rear of a large pond, and it coming on dark, was lost in the woods. – Hearing some one hallowing, and supposing it to be his father calling him, he followed in the direction of the sound; it proved to be a neighbor calling his dogs. This led him in an entirely opposite direction from his home. Taking the first path he came to, he was led off 4 or 5 miles from home. He was heard about 9 o’clock at night by a free person of colour, but he suspecting nothing wrong, did not go to his assistance. [The boy was discovered missing the next morning, and a two-day search commenced. Finally, two men sitting to rest in a pocosin heard a voice and found the boy. He was scratched and hungry, but otherwise in good shape and spirits, though he had a narrow escape — his rescuers noticed “tracks of a very large bear” in the pocosin.] Too much praise cannot be given to the free persons of colour in the neighborhood for the prompt and efficient aid they rendered in searching for the lost child. M.C. BOGY.

Carolina Watchman, 29 June 1844.

Craven County apprentices, 1811.

On 11 March 1811, James Culley, 8, and William Culley, 5, boys of color, were bound to William Dove as coopers.

On 11 March 1811, Hetty Carter, William Carter, Sarah Carter and Isaac [no last name] were bound to William Physioc , the girls as spinsters, the boys as coopers.

On 11 March 1811, Peggy Ives, a girl of color aged 12 years, was bound to Michael Guillet as a trunk maker.

On 12 March 1811, John Herman, 7, and Jacob Herman, 10, were bound to John C. Stanly as shoemakers.

On 10 June 1811, Simon Clark, a free boy of color aged 13 years, was bound to Shadrack Gatlin as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, [no name], a free boy of color aged 8 years, was bound to Gideon Jones as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, Rachel Mosely, 11,and Charles Moseley, 15, were bound to William Gooding as a spinster and blacksmith, respectively.

On 11 June 1811, Daniel Mosely, a free boy of color aged 8 years, was bound to John Gooding as a cooper.

On 11 June 1811, Mary Mosely, a free girl of color aged 13 years, was bound to Ephraim Standland as a spinster.

On 9 September 1811, Charles Mosely, 16, and John Mosely, 2, free boys of color, were bound to Donum Montford as plasterers.

On 9 September 1811, Betsey Mosely, 6, Mary Ann Mosely, 16, and Rachel Mosley, 14, free girls of color, were bound to Lydia Mosely as spinsters.

On 9 September 1811, Daniel Mosely, a free boy of color aged 10 years, was bound to John Dewey as a carpenter and joiner.

On 10 December 1811, Jim Moore, an orphan aged 17 years, was bound to John C. Stanly as a carpenter.

On 13 December 1811, Nathan Chapman, a free boy of color aged 14 years the 16th day of May next, was bound to William Green as a carpenter.

She has a free colored sailor for a husband.


Ran away from the Subscriber, on the 7th inst., a negro woman named HAGAR. She is from thirty five to forty years of age, of a slim figure, in delicate health, and has had on one or both of her thumbs what is called a bone film.  She has lived for a number of years in the family of Charles Stewart, — and having a free coloured man, a sailor, for a husband, it is supposed that she has gone off with a view of getting to New York. All masters of vessels are cautioned not to take her away, under the penalty of the law.

The above reward will be paid to any person who will deliver the above named woman to me or secure her in jail so that I get her.    JOHN L. DURAND. June 13th, 1840.

Newbern Spectator and Literary Journal, 13 June 1840.


Craven County Apprentices, 1805-09.

On 16 March 1805, Joshua Dove, a free person of colour aged 6 years 28 next May, was bound to Thomas Austin as a cooper.

On 10 September 180, William Parrish, a free person of colour aged 5 years last April, was bound to Shadrach Davis as a cooper.

On 13 December 1805, Jeremiah Godett, a free person of colour aged one year last March, was bound to George Godett as a cooper.

On 11 September 1806, William Lewis, free boy of color aged 13 years, was bound to Richard Harden as a tailor.

On 9 June 1807, Israel Harris, a free person of color aged 15 years, was bound to Jane Carney as a cooper.

On 10 [June] 1807, Loftin Chance, a free boy of color aged 9 years, was bound to Thomas Roe as a cooper.

On 10 June 1807, John Dove, a free black boy aged 14 years, was bound to John C. Stanly as a brick maker.

On 13 September 1808, Ann Cooper, a free girl of color, was bound to John C. Stanly as a spinster.

On 12 December 1808, Gatsy Davis, a free baseborn girl of color aged 9 years, was bound to John M. Oliver as a spinster.

On 15 March 1809, Caleb Copes and Jacob Copes, free boys of color, were bound to James Dukes as ship carpenters.

On 15 March 1809, James Dove, a free person of color aged 15 years and 6 months, was bound to Joseph Sparrow as a boat builder.

On 12 September 1809, Jessy Powers, a free boy of color aged 9 years in March 1810, was bound to William Mitchell as a farmer.

On 13 September 1809, Jacob Carter, a free boy of color aged 15 years in December 1809, was bound to Joseph Physioc as a cooper.