He had no free papers in his possession.

by Lisa Y. Henderson

NOTICE. TAKEN UP AND COMMITTED TO JAIL IN PITTSBORO’, Chatham county, N.C., a Negro Boy, about 23 years old, who says his name is RUFUS ROCHELL, and that he is free boy, and was a bound boy to Robert Jones, of Wake County; but he had no free papers in his possession, and was taken up under suspicion of being a runaway.  Said boy is about 5 feet 8 inches high, heavy set, and very black.  If said boy should be a free boy, and has any friends, they would do well to come forward and let it be known; and if a slave, the owner will come forward and take him away according to law, otherwise said boy will be dealt with as the law directs.  R.B. PASCHAL, Sh’ff.  April 29, 1850.

Weekly Standard, Raleigh, 4 May 1850.

The 1850 census of Saint Matthews, Wake County, shows: (1) white farmer Hillary Thompson, 43, wife Nancy, 43, and children Mary A., 13, and Robert, 6, plus Rufus Rochell, 19, black; and (2) Mary Ivy, 67, Temperance Ivy, 42, Rufus Ivy, 26, Reuben Mitchell, 10, William Terry, 21, all white; and Rufus Rochelle, 16, mulatto.