by Lisa Y. Henderson
The following bastardy bonds involving free people of color were entered in Wayne County during the period 1852-1860:
In 1852, Zilpha Artis named William Artis as the father of her child. Artis and Daniel Aycock posted security for the child’s support.
In the 1860 census of Davis, Wayne County: Simon Pig Artis, 70, farmer, wife Celia, 70, son Thos., 23, daughter Zilpha, 30, and grandchildren Lumiza, 17, and Penninah, 11. [Sidenote: Penninah may be the child above. – LYH]
In 1852, Rachel Munday named Henderson Mitchell as the father of her child.
In the 1860 census of Indian Springs, Wayne County: Henderson Mitch, 30, wife Margrett J., 30, and children Virginia, 11, Elizabeth, 8, Silvany, 6, Wm., 4, and John, 1.
In 1853, Sally Burnett named David Proctor as the father of her child. Proctor and J.J. Bradbury posted security.
In the 1850 census of North Side of Neuse, Wayne County: Sarah Burnett, 27, her children Delity, 9, Micagah, 6, and David, 1 month; Zilpha Wilkins, 45, David Proctor, 26, brickmason; and James Turnage, 28, brickmason, his wife Ann, 20, and their children Henry, 5, and Allis, 4. [Sidenote: it seems likely that one-month-old David Burnett is the child above.]
In 1854, Polly Newel named David Simmons as the father of her child. Simmons, Harris Barfield and Calvin Dail posted security.
In the 1850 census of South of Neuse, Wayne County: Ity Simmons, 40, and sons David, 22, and George, 20. Also, Celia Newell, 60, daughters Peggy, 30, Polly, 24, Ann, 19, and Margarett, 1; all white. In the 1860 census of Buck Swamp, Wayne County: Celia Newell, 50, Margarett, 25, Polly, 30, and Margarett A. Newell, 13, all white. Next door: Jesse Brinson, 65, farmer, wife Ita, 50, and Mary Newell, 7; all mulatto. [Sidenote: Ita Brinson was formerly Ita Simmons. Mary Newell is her son David’s child. Also, per her marriage application, the father of Polly Newell’s daughter Margaret was Quin Young, a free man of color. – – LYH]
In 1854, Jane Artis named Bryan Capps as the father of her child. Tabitha Mitchell and Kenan W. Langston provided security.
In 1855, Jane Artis named Wilson Hagans as the father of her child. Hagans was not found in the county and could not be served with the action.
In 1855, Jane Artis named Bryant Capps as father of her child. Capps and Willie Roe provided security.
In 1855, Elizabeth Burnett named Henderson Ganzy as father of her child. Ganzy was not to be found in the county.
In 1856, Anna Newell named William Winn as father of her child. Winn, Washington Winn and David Simmons provided security.
In 1857, Wayte Locus named Calvin Hagans as father of her child. Hagans, H. Woodard Lewis and William Thompson provided security.
In the 1870 census of Nahunta, Wayne County: Raiford Coley, 70, Waity Locus, 55, Dewitt, 15, Candus, 12, and Wiley, 10. [Sidenote: The child was Candis Locust. – LYH]
In 1858, Sallie Simmons named Washington Winn as father of her child. Winn, William Vernon and Wait G. Martin provided security.
In 1860, Eliza Winn named John Newell as father of her child. Newell, Jesse Brinson and Charles Winn provided security.
Bastardy Bonds, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives.