Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Harnett County

Mainor applies for Confederate pension.



On this 15th day of June, A.D. 1924, personally appeared before me L.M. Chaffin, C.S.C. in and for the State and County aforesaid, Geo. W. Mainor, age 85 years, and a resident at Linden post-office, in said County and State, and who, being duly sworn, makes the following declaration in order to obtain the pension under the provisions of an act entitled “An act to amend and consolidate the pension laws of the State of North Carolina,“ ratified March 8, 1921: That he is the identical Geo. W. Mainor who served as laborer on Breastworks at Fort Fisher & Fort Caswell on or about [blank] day of September, 1863 & 1864, to serve in the armies of the late Confederate States, and that while in service at [blank] in the State of [blank], on or about [blank] day of [blank], [blank], he received a wound or wounds, etc. [description] This applicant is an old issue free Negro and served as a workman on the fortifications at Fort Caswell and Fort Fisher.

He further states: That he is, and has been for twelve months immediately preceding this Application for Pension, a bona fide resident of North Carolina;

That he holds no office under the United States, or any State or County, from which he is receiving the sum of three hundred dollars as fees or as salary annually;

That he is not worth in his own right, or the right of his wife, property at its assessed value for taxation to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), nor has he disposed of property of such value by gift or voluntary conveyance since the 11th of March, 1885;

That he is not receiving any aid from the State of North Carolina or under any other statue providing for the relief of the maimed and blind soldiers of the State.   /s/ Geo. X W. Mainor

Sworn and subscribed to before me, this 15 day of June, 1929.  /s/ L.M. Chaffin

Also personally appeared before me W.P. Byrd, who resides at Lillington postoffice, in said County and State, a person whom I know to be respectable and entitled to credit, and being by me duly sworn, says he acquainted with Geo. W. Mainor, the applicant for pension, and has every reason to believe that he is the identical person he represents himself to be, and that the facts set forth in this affidavit are correct to the best of his knowledge and belief, and that he has no interest, direct or indirect, in this claim. /s/ W.P. Byrd

Sworn and subscribed to before me, this 15 day of June, 1929.  /s/ L.M. Chaffin

[Approved 3 September 1929]

From the file of George Mainor, North Carolina, Confederate Soldiers and Widows Pension Applications, 1885-1953, Original, North Carolina State Archives.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: BURNETT.

Bettie Alford.  Died 7 September 1916, Smithfield, Johnston County. Colored. Widowed.  Dressmaker. Born 1 June 1856, Goldsboro, Wayne County, to Thomas Waters and Dolly Burnett. Buried Smithfield NC.  Informant, India Hicks, Smithfield.

In the 1860 census of Goldsboro, Wayne County: Dolly Burnett, 20, sewing, with Polly, 18, Betsy, 5, and William An Burnett, 3.

John Henry Burnett.  Died 2 June 1921, Seventy-first, Cumberland County. Colored. Married to Lula Smith. Farmer. Age 72. Born to David Burnett and unknown mother. Informant, J.S. Hughes.

In the 1860 census of Western Division, Cumberland County: David Burnett, 42, farmer, wife Jane, 30, and children Mary, 12, Elizabeth, 10, Sarah, 9, John, 4, and Laura, 4 months.

Sarah Elizabeth Burnett. Died 13 February 1915, Stewarts Creek, Harnett County. Black. Married. About 60 years old. Born in NC to Evan Chance and Eliza Chesnut. Buried Harnett County. Informant, Mathew Burnett.

In the 1850 census of Eastern Division, Cumberland County: Evans Chance, 48, Louisa, 26, Nixon A., 11, Biddy E., 9, Mary A., 7, William A., 6, Henry E., 5, Joseph, 4, Sarah E., 2, and Curtis, 1. In the 1860 census of Cumberland County: Evans Chance, 57, cooper, children Rhoda E., 19, Jos., 14, Curties, 12, Sarah E., 12, Jno., 6, Dicey J., 4, and Jane, 3, plus Hanibal E. Corbin, 1, and A.W. Chance, 1.

Sarah Smith. Died 21 March 1921, Selma, Johnston County. Colored. Widowed. About 80. Born Cumberland County to John Burnett and Hannah Burnett. Buried Col. Selma cemetery. Informant Gus Smith, Selma.

In the 1860 census of Cumberland County: John Burnett, 47, wife Hanna, 46, and children Guilford, 22, Sarah, 13, Betsy J., 11, Mathew J., 7, Jno. W., 3, and Martha Burnett, 7 months.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: JACOBS.

James Edward Jacobs. Died 17 January 1926, Fayetteville, Cross Creek Cumberland County. Indian. Married to Mrs. Margaret Jacobs. Cooper. Age 76. Born in NC to Jessie Jacobs and Abbie Jacobs. Buried Brookside. Informant, Mrs. J.E. Colston.

John Jacobs.  Died 16 June 1922, Dudley, Brogden, Wayne County.  Colored.  Married.  Age about 67. Miller (corn mill.) Born Sampson County to Jesse Jacobs and Abbie (no last name), both of Sampson County. Buried Dudley NC.  Informant, Willie Carter.

Francis Carter.  Died 26 September 1937, Brogden, Wayne County. Colored. Widow of Marshall Carter.  Age 78.  Born Sampson County to Jesse Jacobs and Abbie Strickland, both of Sampson County. Informant, Granger S. Carter.

Abbie Jane Brewington.  Died 16 Jan 1933, Dunn, Harnett County. Colored. Widow of Nathan Brewington. Age 71. Born Sampson County to Jesse Jacobs and Abbie Jane Jacobs, both of Sampson County.  Buried Wilkins cemetery.  Informant, Rena Goodman (daughter), Dunn NC.

Jessie Adam Jacobs. Died 6 July 1926, Wilson, Wilson County at “Col Hospital.”  Colored.  Married to Sarah Jacobs.  Resided 303 Elba Street.  Day laborer, janitor, city schools.  Born 25 December 1863, Sampson County, to Jessie A. Jacobs and Abbie Jacobs, both of Sampson County. Buried Dudley NC. Informant, Sarah Jacobs.

In the 1860 census of Honeycutts, Sampson County: Jesse Jacobs, 43, farmer; wife Abba, 41, and children Edward J., 14, Betsey A., 13, John R., 11, Martha, 8, Solomon, 6, Jesse, 4, and Abba J. Jacobs, 6, plus William, 10, Eliza, 8, and John Jacobs, 6; all mulatto. Jesse reported owning $2884 real property and $816 personal property, making him the wealthiest free person of color in the county.

Jessie Jacobs.  Died 4 March 1914, N. Clinton, Sampson County.  Indian.  (Colored marked through.) Married.  Farmer. Born 9 February 1854, Sampson County, to Arch Jacobs and Tempie Manuel. Buried Honeycutts township.

Enos Jacobs.  Died 5 October, 1925, Honeycutts, Sampson County. Indian Married to Miltildia Jacobs. About 83. Farmer. Born Sampson County to Archie Jacobs of Pender County and Tempie Manuel. Buried New Bethel cemetery. Informant, C.O. Jacobs, Honeycutts.

In the 1860 census of Dismal, Sampson County: Archibal Jacobs, 40; wife Temperance J. Jacobs, 32; and children Enos, 13, Mary J., 11, Jesse, 6, Cathrine, 4, and Sarah C., 8 months.

Lizzie Jacobs Collier. Died 27 Nov 1922, Dudley, Brogden, Wayne County. Colored. Widow of William Collier.  About 59 years old. Born Sampson County to Gabriel Jacobs and Kitsy Manuel, both of Sampson County. Buried Dudley NC. Informant Mrs. Jessie Simmons.

Mary Jacobs.  Died 17 January 1926, Honeycutts, Sampson County. Indian. Widow.  About 91. Born Sampson County to unknown father and Clarkie Barefoot. Buried Brewington graveyard. Informant, Hardie Goodwin.

Fransis Emaline Williams. Born 12 May 1919, Dismal, Sampson County. Croatan Indian. Married. Born 21 December 1861. Farming.  Born Sampson County to Samuel Jacobs of Pender County and Mary Barefoot of Sampson County. Informant, Ransom Williams, Delway NC.

In the 1860 census of Dismal, Sampson County: Samuel Jacobs, 35, turpentine laborer, mulatto. In the 1870 census of Dismal, Sampson County: Samuel Jacob, 50; wife Mary, 35; and children James C., 10, Francis, 7, Martha, 4, and George A., 1.

Mathew J. Jacobs. Died 9 March 1924, N. Clinton, Sampson County. Negro. Married. Farmer. About 70 years old. Born Sampson County to Lewis Jacobs and Marah Jacobs. Buried Goodman cemetery. Informant, Jim Jacobs.

James Jacobs. Died 19 June 1935, Franches Creek, Kelly, Bladen County. Colored. Married to Josephine Royal. Age 75. Farmer. Born Sampson County to Louis Jacobs and unknown mother. Informant, Alfred Fenner, Kelly NC.

Henry Jacobs.  Died 20 March 1927, Halls, Sampson County. Colored. Married to Chillie Ann Goodman. About 65 years old. Farmer. Born Sampson County to Louis Jacobs and unnamed mother. Buried Bradshaw cemetery. Informant, Bill Jacobs.

Martin Jacobs.  Died 24 November 1933, Halls, Sampson County. Colored. Widowed. Age 69. Farmer. Born Sampson County to Lewis Jacobs of Pender County and Maria Jacobs of Sampson County. Informant, Mr. A.C. West, Clinton NC.

In the 1860 census of Dismal, Sampson County: Lewis Jacobs, 33, turpentine laborer; wife Maria, 35; and children Marthew J., 5, Martha A., 3, Athy A., 12, and Celia C., 7; all mulatto.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: MISCELLANEOUS, no. 5.

Henry Artis.  Died 7 Dec 1925, Mount Olive, Duplin County.  Colored. Married. Age 73. Farmer.  Born Wayne County to Abson Artis and Liza Artis, both of Wayne County.  Buried Dudley NC. Informant, Anna Artis.

Smitha McNeill.  Died 22 Nov 1924, Averasboro, Harnett County.  “Burned to death in burning building.”  Colored. Widowed.  About 69 years old.  Born in NC to Raleigh Seaberry  and Emmaline [last name unknown.]  Buried Dunn cemetery.  Informant, Alex Cagle.

Madison Seaberry.  Died 7 Apr 1923, Averasboro, Harnett County. Indian. Married to Frances Seaberry. Born 29 July 1846 to Raleigh Seaberry and Emily Emmanuel. Buried Carter Cemetery.  Informant, Raleigh Seaberry, Linden NC.

Dred Hagins. Died 6 June 1927, Speights Bridge, Greene County. Colored. Widow of Martha Hagins.  Farmer. Born 1854, Wilson County to Wilson Hagins and unknown mother.  Informant, Louis Hagins, Walstonburg.

The governor’s tricks.

A BAD INVESTMENT.  – Quite a stir appears to have been made in Harnett county by the receipt at the Post Office at Barclayville of two packages of “N.C. Standard Extra, Raleigh, N.C., July 12, 1864,” each containing five copies thereof, each copy containing an address to Mr. Holden’s “Fellow-Citizens,” and 40 Tickets for W.W. Holden for Governor.  The packages were addressed, in the fair hand writing of some one about the Standard Office, to “John Deane, Barclayville, N.C.” and “David Tucker, Barclayville, N.C.,” both free mulattoes, and one of them a minor at that!  On the packages the postage was paid.  So that Mr. Holden is minus 10 Circulars, 400 Holden Tickets, and 10 cents in cash.  Rather an unprofitable investment! We have received two letters from gentlemen at Barclayville, enclosing the covers of packages and copies of the Extra. One of these letters says that Mr. Holden will have to come and read his Extra to his “colored brethren,” as they cannot read.  But he don’t think the accommodations in that section would be very agreeable to Mr. Holden.  – Fayetteville Observer.

The above is from the Observer of Thursday evening last, received here on Friday morning.  In our paper dated Wednesday, but printed and started to Fayetteville on Tuesday, we exposed this hoax, and the Editors of the Observer must have seen our exposure of it before their paper of Thursday went to press.  Yet they make no allusion to the exposure, but attempt to produce the impression that we are engaged in a correspondence with free negroes.

A week or so since we received a letter from Barclayville containing $8.65, as subscription for four persons to the Standard.  They professed to be warm friends of ours.  We supposed, of course, that the letter was from white persons and genuine in its character, and accordingly sent them the Standard with some tickets. We soon learned, however, that the names of the four persons sent were those of free negroes, and that we had been imposed upon by some mean white person or persons. Fortunately we had preserved the letter. – We have placed it in the hands of a friend, and if the author of it can be traced and discovered by the handwriting, we intend to hold him up in his true colors to our readers.

A friend writing us from Averasborough under date of July 20th, says:

“I wish to inform you of some of the tricks of the friends of Gov. Vance in this quarter.  I am informed there was a gathering on last Friday at J.A. Johnson’s, and that John Green, Esq., went there from Barclayville with two bundles, one marked to Dave Tucker, a free negro, containing one of your Standards and some tickets for you, and the other was marked to John Dean, another free boy.  I also learned that the reception of these bundles was to be magnified, and sent to the Observer for publication.  I have my own opinions as to this matter.  One J.A.J., who says you are Lincolnite, went on to Peterburg a few days before these bundles were received, and it is believed he caused them to be sent.”

So it seems the Editors of the Observer are parties to this free negro trick! They are welcome to all they may gain by the achievement.  We have heretofore entertained high respect for the Senior Editor as a gentleman, but we find now that he is as depraved and unscrupulous as the meanest Destructive in the State.  There is neither wit, nor humor, nor decency in this trick perpetrated by Mr. Hale and his friends.  A high tones, honorable gentleman would have scorned any allusion to such practiced on a brother Editor, save to condemn it as low and unworthy in its character. – But adversity is the test of character.  Defeat, loss of influence, and the prospect that the election of the peace candidate for Governor will shorten the war, and thus stop the enormous profits Mr. Hale is realizing by his manufacturing establishments, are staring him in the face, and like Gov. Vance, he is resorting to every desperate expedient, even using the names of free negroes to injure and defeat us.  Repeating the language of the poor cowards who wrote him from Barclayville, he says if we should go to that place the “accommodations in that section” would not be “very agreeable” to us. First, we are tricked, as say one could have been, by a set of unprincipled Destructives, and then we are threatened that if we should happen to visit the neighborhood of these people, we would be insulted and mobbed. This is the not the first time the Observer has justified mob law against us.  It did so in September last, soon after we were mobbed by the Georgia troops; and our estimate of the hearts of the Editors of that paper now is, that they would be pleased to hear to-morrow that our office had been laid in ashes by a band of desperadoes, and our life placed in peril, if not taken.  This is our estimate of the Editors of that journal.  We now leave them in the company they have deliberately chosen, with the remark that the odor which surrounds them as the result of their connection with this free negro hoax, is not more offensive to them than their conduct in this business will be to every decent person who may become fully acquainted with it.

We congratulate Gov. Vance on the character of the friends he has in Harnett.  They are worthy of him, and he is worthy of them.  Two years ago they called him a Lincolnite and a traitor, but now they love him so well that they even use the free negro to promote his election.  James A. Johnson, C.H. Cofield, and Z.B. Vance! You are welcome to them, Governor.  We should think we had committed some great crime if they were to vote for us.

Weekly Standard, Raleigh, 27 July 1864.

He lurks about Fayetteville.

Horse Thief.  Stolen out of my lot, one MARE.   Also out of my house one Silver Watch, one fine Cloth Coat, one Overcoat, on the night of the 26th of December 1864.  From all the information that I can get the thief is a free mulatto by the name of Nathan Holder.  He stole a new brown comfort, with blue ends, which he no doubt wears around his neck.  He lurks about Fayetteville and in the adjoining neighborhood of C.C. Barbee in Harnett county.  I will give a reward of one hundred dollars for stolen property and the confinement of the thief in jail.  JAMES GUY.  Dec’r 28. 

Fayetteville Observer, 9 January 1865.

At the risk of my life if it had been known.

Raleigh Seaberry filed claim #10453 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He was 54 years old and free-born.

He lived in “Carvers Creek Township Cumberland County NC 3 miles from Little River Academy “ and had lived there 13 years. “Before that time I lived about 5 miles from the place I now live at keeping Smith fery on Cape Fear River my occupation was farming and keeping the fery.” He was born in Wayne County 6 miles from Goldsboro.  During the war, he lived at “Averysboro Harnett County NC Coopering and Farming. I continue to farm and cooper for 2 years after that I farmed and kept the fery. I changed my residence 3 times during the war I first move from Averysboro to Dr. Turners about 9 miles from Smiths Ferry I remained at Dr Turners one year from there to Wm Dows about 19 miles from Smiths Ferry.  I remain 2 years at Dows from Dows back to Averysboro remained there 1 year and from there to Smith Ferry where I remained to the close of the war. I move from place to place as I could rent Land to the best advantage not having any of my own.”

He was “on the Side of the Union from the beginning to the end.”  “I put some 5 or 6 union Soldiers cross the Ferry at Diferent times at nights at the risk of my life if it had been know. I also fed them they told me that they were Deserters from Confederate Prisons. … They were al white and related [to] me.” “I was at altimes rejoice at the Victorys of the union armys and especially so at the final surrender of the confederate forces.”  I was under “very strict orders not to put any union soldiers cross the River while at the Ferry. If should or so I was told that I would be shot.”

“I was order out in the spring of 1863 to meet at Lilington Harnett County NC as I suppose to work on Brest works. I went to Goldsboro and got my free papers and went to Lillington. I was over the age require and I was let off.”

Sherman’s soldiers took his corn, bacon, hogs, a horse, chickens, turkeys, blankets and tobacco.

Evens Chance, aged about 80, resident of Harnett County, testified that he had known Seaberry about 40 years. “I have no doubt of the Claimants Loyalty to the United States, as I never knew or heard of a col’d man during the war that was not in favour of the  United States Government.” “I never heard of a col’d man that was regarded by col’d people any thing but a union loving man.”

William McDougald, near 60 years old, resident of Carvers Creek township, Cumberland County, testified that he lived and worked with Seaberry about 18 months to two years during the war. McDougald worked as a farmer and turpentine distiller.

James M. Seaberry, age 29, lived with his father Raleigh Seaberry. He was present when soldiers took his father’s property.

Smithy J. McNeill, age 24, resided in Little River three or four miles from Little River Academy.  She was married about 7 years prior to her affidavit. Raleigh Seaberry was her father.

In the 1850 census, Eastern Division, Cumberland County, Raleigh Sedberry, 26, mulatto, farmer, wife Emeline, 22, and  children James M., 1, and Sarah E., 1 month.