Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Month: May, 2015

The question is now put.


THE new Bakery in this City, which was announced a few weeks since in such flaming style and recommended to the public patronage by the Register, having gone down, or rather passed into the hands of a free man of color, the subscriber takes occasion to state that he is still in business at his old stand, where he is prepared to furnish all kinds of BREAD in his line of business. The people here know the subscriber — he is not in the habit of disappointing them; and he now assures them that he will spare no pains to please them and merit their patronage. The question is now put to the Mechanics and citizens of Raleigh, whether they will patronize his establishment or a free man of color.   GEORGE H. TONNOFFSKE.

Raleigh, October 1st, 1845.

Weekly Standard (Raleigh), 15 October 1845.

Mixed blooded almost white.


“The Free negroes in this County are mixed blooded almost white and have intermarried with a low class of whites_ Have no trade occupation or profession they live in a settlement of Town of their own their personal property consists of Cattle & Hogs, They make no produce except corn peas & Potatoes & very little of that.

They are a lazy Indolent & worthless race.”

[Note: I have not found North Carolina-born Paschal Loftis in any other census, but unsourced internet information lists his parents as Martin Loftis and Phereba Paschall, who married in Warren County in 1790. Also, according to Sewell and Hill’s The Indians of North Florida: From Carolina to Florida, the Story of a Distinct American Indian Community, the settlement was called Scott’s Ferry, and its inhabitants were Apalachicola Catawba. Hat tip to Finding African American Ancestors for bringing my attention to this census entry. — LYH]