I ordain that my wife and seven children shall be free.
by Lisa Y. Henderson
In the name of God, amen, I Abraham Jones of the County of Anson in the State of North Carolina, farmer, being very Sick and weak in body, but of Perfect mind and memory, thanks be given to God; calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this my last will and Testament; that is to say, principally and first of all, I give and recommend my Soul into the hand of Almighty god that gave it, and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial, at the discretion of my executors; nothing doubting but at the General Resurrection, I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God, and as touching such Worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless, me in this life, I give, demise, and dispose of in the following manner.
And first of all as my wife Lydia was the purchase of my money: lest any person should after my death take advantage of my family to indeavor to bring them into bondage, I do hereby will Ordain and Establish that my wife Lyddia, and Seven Children which she hath had by me which she hath had by me which I own as the offspring of my body, viz Isaac, Jacob, John, Thomas, Abraham, Lewis, and Sucy Shall be free from any slavery servitude bondage or any incomberance whatsoever as touching anything that might arise from the adore sd purchase of my wife Lyddia, and I do hereby release relieve and diliver them and each of them, from any claim or demand whatsoever of any person or persons claiming under any right or title from me ___ otherwise giving them their freedom and that forever. And as to the division and distribution of Lands and other property I demise in the following manner.
I will and bequeath to my son, Isaac the sum of thirty Shillings Sterling, money of South Carolina, I will and bequeath unto my son Jacob fifty Acres of land where he now lives to be so laid off as not to cross the Big branch it to include his house where he now lives.
I will and bequeath to my daughter Suckey one horse of the value of twenty pounds N.C. Currency a side sadle, and one Cow and Calf to e delivered to her in two years after my death.
I will and bequth unto my beloved wife Lyddia, all my moveable property, together with the use and full possession of the remaining Part of my land, to wit 200 acres (to have the sole command of all my Real and personal Estate) after my Lawful debts are paid) during her life or Widdowhood
I will and bequth unto my Children, viz John, Thomas, Abraham, Lewis, and Suckey, at the death or marriage of my wife, an Equal division of all my moveable Estate, and the land to be divided equally amongst my sons, John, Thomas, Abraham and Lewis, and lastly I appoint, my wife and my trusty friend Stephen Thomas as my sold Executrix and executor, establishing this my last will and testament disannulling all other wills and bequests whatsoever Abraham X Jones
Signed pronounced Sealed and established in the presence of us
Frame Woods, John X Martin, Benjamin X Thomas
State of North Carolina
Anson County July Court 1805
Then the within will was duly proved in open court by the oath of Benj. Hinson one of the witnesses thereto and Ordered to be recorded Ted Robinson Clk
Will Book 2, page 77-78. Office of Clerk of Superior Court, Anson County Courthouse, Wadesboro.
Abraham Jones appears in the 1790 census of Anson County as the head of a household of nine free people of color.
I don’t believe Abraham jones b. 1730 in anson nc . it was not formed till 1749/50.also Wadesboro was not the name of the county. ( how could he have been an African American when we are all white. so I believe we are native americans. I read history back then where if a person was dark and they did not know what race they were they were listed as African American.also I just wish you could help find his parents. also I realize he could have been mullato. any help would help with my family. orangie walker
I’m not sure what you’re saying. Wadesboro is a town, not a county. I don’t know where Abraham Jones was born, but he died in Anson County. If you are asking how someone considered white today could have an African-American ancestor, the answer is quite simple. The physical traits associated with African-Americans would not be visible 3-4 generations after intermarriage with whites. I know lots of people who appear to be “100%” white, but are not. In any case, Abraham was not listed as “African-American” but as a person of color. He could have been Native, at least in part, but I’d put my money on black. Especially since his wife and children had been slaves. Best of luck with your search.
Abraham Jones was born in Bertie (Hertford) County NC. He lived in Anson after he and son Jacob were given land for service during the American Revolution. He was listed in his petition to the state assembly as a person of mixed race. Lydia was listed as a black slave. Abraham, Lydia and some of his children returned to Hertford about 1805 after his petition for non-enslavement of his wife and children was rejected. Abraham’s mother is presumed to be Elizabeth Jones, an indenture servant from Liverpool\Bsristol England. Elizabeth had several children by a man of African decent. Family records and DNA matching with several descendants of Abraham and Elizabeth Jones.
Thanks so much for this additional info, Floyd!
I am an African American related to Abraham Jones from his son lewis
I am looking for information on Lewis. I think I may have him confused with someone else. Did he live his whole life in NC? Also, I am looking for his wife’s name? Thank you, Cynthia
I need to make a correction on the information I provided earlier. Elizabeth Jones needs to be removed from Abraham Jones lineage. We found that Abraham’s mother was Margaret Jones–a black women. His wife Lydia a black women bought from John Westerfield. Abraham was described by the State of North Carolina in his petition as a person of mixed ethic/racial heritage.
Thanks so much Floyd. I descend from free Blacks in Anson County named Robinsons.
I saw Thomas Jones (Abraham’s son) on the 1850 census. I noticed that descendants of a white Thomas Jones have been incorrectly saving your family to his line particulary daughters of Thomas to a Gathings line.
In 1830 free man of color Thomas Jones had 3 slaves. 1 male 10-23, 1 female under 10 and 1 female 24-35 do you know if those are enslaved family members he purchased?
I don’t know at this time too much about the 1830 census details. I have found that the earlier U.S. Census would show the male house head as being free and the household members as being slave (or indenture) in several instances. A big problem is — I found out that there were 2 different fires that destroyed the Anson County records (1840 and a later about 1870 I believe). I think I may have a match with you or a Robinson relative out the Charlotte area. Hedgepath’s, Ingram’s and others are also coming forth. My jury is still out on the Gathings line (there seem to be a few matches popping up.
I had contact with one of the Anson County genealogist who had clients that were matching me DNA wise and were surprise (or shock) in finding out Abraham Jones was a black man. I am still researching and getting a lot of info on Abraham Jones, his wife Lydia (Westerfield) and their children. I have notice on Ancestry.com several researches are accepting the fact Lydia was a black slave Abraham bought from John Westerfield. The records at UNC-G supports this fact and that Abraham was a man of mixed racial lineage. Before many were citing a Lydia Hanson out of Mass. or some other New England state. I don’t really doubt their sincerity in wanting to claim lineage along that route. The truthful fact is there were 2 Abraham Jones. One was black out of Granville/Bertie County and the other white one out of Hyde County, NC. It seems that both were given land in Anson and surrounding counties because of the American Revolution.
I recently got several DNA matches with the Westerfield descendants out of Currituck County, NC. In addition, a big surprise is new DNA matches with the Jones/Smith/Copeland and others out of Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. I may have to correct the statement above again about Elizabeth Jones and Margaret Jones. The earlier statement may be correct. (But I will wait now until we are sure.) A DNA match with a Jones relative out of Barbados, shows an Irishman named John Jones had a relations with a Elizabeth Jones and had a daughter named Margaret Jones and son named John. Margaret Jones left Barbados via Jamaica for the U.S. Port of entry traced to Annapolis/Norfolk/Baltimore. (Research is incomplete at this time.) DNA matching is tracking this route down to VA, and the Carolina’s.
I would like to share more info with you. My email address is firstname.lastname@example.org. New DNA matching with relatives has come forth from Belize, Miskito Bay/Coast (Panama, Costa Rico, and Columbia) and Jamaica of relatives that left the U.S. between the two wars (American Revolution and Civil War) around the time of the Nat Turner Rebellion and settle there. We know many others left N.C. for Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan and Canada and have established contact with those descendants.
You are right in that Thomas Jones was black slave owner. Found this out from a register of NC/SC black slave owners. However, my comments are the same as before concerning the 1830 census.
I sent you an email a few days ago. My email is email@example.com
I would appreciate any info on Abraham jones
Tomeka What information are you looking for? At the same time, what inofrmation do you have?
Please do get back in contact with me. I have a certificate for Lewis and his brother Thomas serving in the War of 1812. Through collaboration with other family researchers, we have traced Lewis to Sampson (once part of Cumberland and Bladen) counties in NC. It is presumed they and other mixed races (creole), black/Indian families were free people of color for service during the Revolution and War of 1812. After the Nat Turner Rebellion in nearby VA, many family members left NC and VA for Indiana, KY, TN, Michigan, and Canada. In some cases, we have confirmed relationship through DNA and family stories. In some areas, we have traced many to Texas, New Mexico, Louisiana, SC, Georgia, and MS. Because of the unknown number of descendants, we (I) have been trying to find out what happened to other children/grandchildren after they left Anson County, NC.
I would love to share any information with you. I am now sharing with others in Texas, Louisiana, Missouri, OK, Nebraska and Montana believe it or not.
I have other documents related to Abraham’ petition to the NC Assembly and Lydia (his common-law wife and mother of his children). He bought Lydia from a John Westerfield who lived in Currituck County, NC ( on the Outer Banks). (Got DNA matches with some so-called white families that have African lineage from there.)
What info do you have? Can you share it with us? Please reply to this email address firstname.lastname@example.org.
Take care and hope to hear from you soon,
Hello. I can say that I have some what solve this mystery. Abraham Jones is in MY line. Verified through DNA! as where many of his Neighbors and witnesses in his will. My family hails directly from Anson County! Also…..We are Native American Indian descent. This is verified on my maternal line (Haplogroup is Native American origin) Most of the Jones and Lucas Family match me on a DNA segment that is Nearly Full Native with a small segment of Black Ancestry. So I believe that Abraham Jones was American Indian and had black ancestry without a doubt His wife Lydia was purchased in SC from a White man and was officially emancipated by Abraham Jones at his death along with her children. She was not from a Northern state. Some of the Jones in Anson county later went on to be reclassified as white and Intermarried with whites possibly there and in other states. Some were classified as “MULATTO” others “BLACK”. There were some possibly living in South Carolina who “WERE” documented as “INDIAN”. The Jones also Intermarried with Free people of color whatever their mixtures. They also Intermarried with a very Prominent FPC family by the Name of “LUCAS, LOCUS, LOCUST”. THE Locus/Lucas family were also FPC living in Early on Anson county near the Jones Family in the 1700’s! Anson county was populated by Indian tribes prior to Whites ever settling on our lands and had an old Indian trading path that went through there that we are familiar with. Remember Anson was right on the Border with South Carolina and the Pee Dee River and region. My DNA also is connected to some of the Earliest white settlers In Anson County and in the Peedee South Carolina region as well as Black and Native Families. If anyone wants to contact me leave a message here. Thanks.
I will contact you for further discussion.
I found and considered what you stated to be very true. I was able to collaborate and verify the same as you did. However, I found evidence to support 2 women the name of Lydia. The first dying about 1765. Can we discuss our findings some more via phone. I am finding Abraham had more children than what was initially shown. Also, found a lot of connections to Isaac, Jacob, Thomas, Lewis Abraham, and Mary via DNA matching and family records.
Have you found or heard about Jonathan Jones?
Thanks for the update. Let us stay in contact! Send phone number if you want to this email address email@example.com.
Hello. I am not Cynthia. I think you may have gotten my message confused with hers? I received your reply. I am Southern Native, New to this thread. I just joined. I would like to speak with you as well. I will send you my contact info.
Thomas and Lydia were my 5th great grandparents, their daughter Susan was my 4th great grandmother.
Is that Abraham not Thomas? I am really glad you contacted us. I have gotten FNA matches and family information from Susan siblings. You are the among a few possible and first of her descendants to contact me. Are you willing to share your family tree?
Hello. I am Also DNA Matched with a Wynn from that line. I saw the name pop up in my DNA Matches. I also noticed that Most DNA matches from that line ( Lucas and Jones) show Indian Ancestry. I am a direct decendant of Native American Indian woman whose family who lived in Anson county. I find it hard to get people to communicate. It’s sad because this family has one of the longest and most interesting histories in the Carolinas! The Lucas and Jones Families. Because we rely on records from Europeans I think an important part of our connections and Native Identity have been ignored or erased. So I will start from here. Anyone from these two families Black, white or otherwise who want to connect with me to help continue our legacy and piece together the puzzle please contact me Peedee45@gmail.com. I would love to talk and do more!