Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

He binds himself as a slave. For 99 years.

This Indenture of a Slave made the 27 day of July in the year of Lord one thousand seven Hundred & ninty three between Howell Combow of the county of wayne in the State of No Carolina of the one part & Burwell Morring of the Same place of the other part Witnesseth that the Said Howell Combow of or in consideration of the Sum of fifty Pounds Spicie to him In hand paid hath and Do by these pressents Enter & Bind him Self as a Slave to the said Burwell Morring for the Tirm & Space of Ninety nine years the said Howell is to Serve him as a True & faithfull Slave & is from time to time & at all times During of the Tirm to fullfill & Charfully obey all his said Masters commands and orders the said Slave is not Induring of the Said tirm to obcond him self from his Masters Servis he is not to wast imbezzell or cearlessly Destroy his masters goods or other property nor caus or willingly suffer the Same to be Done by others he is not to Sale or lighter a way his time Practisis he is not During of his said tirm to obsent him self from his sd. masters servis without this leave In witness whereof I hear set my hand and fix my seal this Day and date above mentioned Assigned Sealed and Delivered In pressents of  Thomas Stephenson and Jacob Sauls.   Howell X Cumbow {seal}

Records of Slaves and Free Persons of Color, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Nights as well as days.

State of North Carolina, Wayne County    } Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, November term AD 1860

The Grand Jurors for the State upon their oath present that Willie Simmons a Free Negro late of the county of Wayne with force and arms at and in Said county of Wayne on the first day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and Sixty and on divers other days times, nights as well before or afterwords up to the taking of this inquisition a Shot Gun did keep in his house and he the said Willie Simmons did wear keep and Carry the aforesaid Shot Gun without having obtained a license therefor from the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Wayne County within one year next preceeding the time of keeping wearing and carrying the aofresaid Shot Gun contrary to the form of the Statute in Such case made and provided and against the Peace and dignity of the State.     Everitt.  Sol.

Records of Slaves and Free Persons of Color, Wayne County Records, North Carolina State Archive.

His manner is contradictory.


And committed to the Jail of Craven County, on the 14th inst. A Negro Man, who says his name is John Carpenter, alias Abraham, that he is free, and a native of Fairfield County, Connecticut. He is about 5 feet 10 inches high; 21 or 22 years of age, of light complexion, and had on when taken, light domestic clothing. From the contradictory manner in which he accounts for himself, there is little doubt but he is a runaway slave. He has no free papers, but exhibits a paper professing to be a pass, which is believed to be a forgery. The owner, if any, is requested to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take said Negro away. JORDAN S. CARROW, Jailor. Newbern August 22, 1829.

North Carolina Sentinel, New Bern, 19 December 1829.

Adam & Angy Norphlet Artis.

Image Marriage license of Adam Artis and Angy Norphlet, Northampton County, 1835.

On 7 November 1848, Adam Artis of PIke County purchased “The North East quarter of the North West quarter of Section Fifteen, in Township Six, of Range Twenty; in the District of Lands subject to sale at Chillicothe Ohio; Containing Forty Acres,” certificate no. 16,235. US General Land Office Records 1796-1907,

In the 1850 census of District 17, Beaver township, Pike County, Ohio: Adam Artis, 36, laborer, wife Angelina, 30, and children Susan, 16, James, 13, and Aaron, 10, all born in Virginia.  In the 1860 census of Jackson, Pike Co. Ohio: Adam Artes, 40, farmer, wife Angeline, 40, and children Aaron, 20, and James, 23. Adam reportedly owns real estate valued at $400 and personal estate valued at $225.

[Sidenote: This Adam is not known to be related to Adam T. Artis — except in the sense that almost all Artises ultimately descend from a common ancestor. — LYH]

I gave him a copy of his indentures.

Haywood Chatham cty. N.C.

I do hereby certify that a coloured Boy, by the name of Banks Evans; that was bound to Col John Farrar of this county, has lived in my employ; for the last three years up to February last; about which time he became Twenty one years of age & in a short time afterward left my employ & hired himself; to a man in my neighborhood in Rutherford county NC. with whom at the time I left in June last he was living as a free man; & receiving pay for his services as a free man; after he became free I gave him a copy of his indentures with the certificate of the clerk of the county court  of Chatham Cty with the county seal thereto attached believing that was sufficient evidence of his freedom.  /s/ Jno. Smith

Sworn & subscribed to before me this 10th July 1837 J.H. Shull J.P.

[On reverse: John Smith affidavit in the case of Banks Evans a free boy of colour — 1837 — August Term]