Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color


AIDING A SLAVE TO ESCAPE. – William Mayes, a free negro from North Carolina, was tried by the Hustings Court, yesterday, on the charge of advising Henry, slave to E.H. Stokes & Co., to escape from his owners, on the 26th of July last, and accompany him to North Carolina. Henry, the slave, testified that the prisoner had invited him to return to Carolina and promised to pay his passage to that State. Judge Crump appeared for the prisoner, and defended him with marked ability; Mr. Daniel prosecuting on behalf of the Commonwealth. At the conclusion of the argument, the prisoner was acquitted, three of the Justices believing him guilty and two of them deciding he was not.

The Daily Dispatch, Richmond VA, 12 August 1857.

They emigrated for safety.

A company of sixty free negroes from North Carolina, arrived at Baltimore on Wednesday, who are emigrating to Ohio for safety.

The National Republican, Washington DC, 2 February 1861.


FREE NEGROES ON THE WING. – On Wednesday last, sixty-three free negroes from Edgecourt [sic] county, North Carolina, crossed the Ohio river at Bellaire on their way to Zanesville. An old negro acted as leader of the party, holding the tickets, disbursing funds, etc.

Daily Dispatch, Richmond VA, 7 Feb 1861.



Sixty-three free negroes from North Carolina arrived at Zanesville on Thursday. They were from Edgecomb county, and had been ordered to leave by the whites of that section.

Fremont Journal, Fremont OH, 8 February 1861.