Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

William Marshall Artis.

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WILLIAM MARSHALL ARTIS was born in 1875 near Eureka, Wayne County, to Adam T. Artis (1831-1919) and Frances Seaberry Artis (1845-1878).  He lived and farmed in the area all his life and died in 1945.

[Sidenote: Louvicey Artis Aldridge was William M. Artis’ sister.]

Onslow County apprentices, 1812.

The following free children of color were appenticed in Onslow County in 1812:

Elisha, Peter, Carlton and unnamed Boon, children of Betsey Boon, to Nathaniel Loomis.

Elisha Boon and Calton Boon appear in the 1840 census of Onslow County, each heading households comprised of two free people of color.  In 1850, Calton Boon, 46, cooper, wife Kitty, 30, and daughter Clarrissa, 1 month, are listed in Lower South West district, Onslow County.  In 1860, in the same district, Calton Boon, 52, fisherman, wife Catharine, 40, children John, 6, and Elizabeth A., 4, and Asa Hammonds, 65, farmer.  Elisha Boon, 50, fisherman, appears by himself in Half Moon district, Onslow County.

Jim [no last name given] to Jesse Sandlyn.

Mary Hammons to Cader Cooper.

Susannah Hammons to Hester Willey.

Apprenticeship Records, Onslow County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Fariby Simons and hir children was free.

State of North Carolina, Wayne County     July 23rd 1853

Mary Wiggs after Being Duly Sworn Deposeth & Says as follows in (viz) that she was acquainted and knew one certain Fareby Simons a free woman of Color that lived with one William Burnham of Duplin County and State aforsaid and that Said fariby Simon was living with Said Burnham as an apprintice and after the Expiration of hir appriaticeship she the said fareby Simon had some Several Children in the time She livd with Burnham the Deponant further Say she heard Burnham tel hir father Samuel Herring that said fariby Simons and hir children was free and that he the said Burnham was to assist and Rais hir Children and have the use of them untwell they arived to the age of Twenty one years and then he the said Burnham was to let them go as they came of age the Deponant further Says that She has known Fariby Simons sixty or Sixty five years and knew hir before Burnham Told hir father that she was free further the Deponant Sayeth Not.   /s/ Mary X Wiggs

Sworn to and Subscribed to Before Me the 23rd July AD 1853 Test George Flowers J.P.

This is one of three sworn statements by whites attesting to Fereby Simmons’ freedom.

Records of Slaves and Free People of Color, Wayne County Miscellaneous Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Surnames: Stokes County, 1850.

ASHE, BEAZLEY, BOWDEN, BON, CARTER, CHURCHER, COX, EVANS, FOWLER, FRANKLIN, GOEN/GOING, HANKINS, INGRIM, KANE, KING, LARTER, MESSENGER, MITCHELL, NELSON, PARR, PETTYFORD, PIKE, RANKLIN, RIDDLE, ROWLEN, SHEPPERD, SPENCER, STEPHENSON, STUART, TENLEY, VERNER, WARDEN, WILLIAMS, WILLS and WILSON.

Holiday Hethcock, Revolutionary War soldier.

State of North Carolina, County of Johnston

Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832

On this 23rd day of February 1836 personally appeared in open court before the Justices of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions now sitting Holiday Hethcock a resident of Johnston Co and State of North Carolina aged about 74 or 5 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832

That he volunteered in the Service of the United States in the summer of 1781 under Jonathan Smith Capt, Jacob Stallings lieut. Alexander Avery Ensign on a service of three month. That he entered the service at Smithfield N. Car. and was marched to Dixon’s Ford on Tar River in the County of Granville thence to Franklin County, thence to Edgccomb Co, thence to Smithfield, thence on to Kinston, then across the River Neuse to Southwest Brun(?) thence up again to Smithfield, thence down the River to Major Crooms where we was discharged having served the full term of three months.  The affiant knows of no documentary evidence to prove his said service, but can prove it by the Rev. Nathan Gully who was with him, and whose certificate is hereunto attached, but whose bodily infirmities do not admit of his travelling to court to give his testimony.  He recd a regular discharge which has been lost.

This affiant had also previously volunteered on another term of five months in Johnston County aforesaid in the fall of the year 1777 and in Matthew Cullers Capt and Lieut Boyte was marched from Smithfield to Richland Chapel, thence across the Cape Fear at Wilmington, thence to Georgetown S.C., to Monk’s Corner, to Dorchester, & to Charleston, and was placed under General Lincoln a few months before Charleston was taken by the enemy.  The General of the Militia under whom he served was named Lillington.  He served out fully his term of five months and recd a discharge from Capt Cullers which discharge has been lost or destroyed.  He knows of no documentary evidence of this said service, but can prove it or a part thereof by Bryant Adams who was his fellow soldier in the Same.

In reply to the prescribed Interrogatories this (1) affiant states that he was born in Northampton Co. Virginia (2) that there is no record of his age, to his knowledge (3) that he was living when called into Service in Johnston Co. No.Ca. that he has since spent about one year in Fayetteville No.Ca. and about 20 years in Orange Co. No.Ca., that he now lives in Johnston (4) that he was volunteer in void his terms of service (5) and (6) answered in Declaration (7) He states the name of the Rev. Jesse Adams John Lee Senr., Colo. John Lee & Wm. B. Allen Esq as gentleman who can testify &c

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid   /s/ Holiday X Hethcock    Test Rm. Sanders

We Jesse Adams a clergyman residing in the neighbourhood of the Declarant in Johnston Co. and Henry Lee residing in the same certify that we are well acquainted with Holiday Hethcock (a free colored man) who has subscribed and sworn to the above Declaration that he is reputed and believed in the neighbourhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revoultion and we concur in the opinion and believe him to be about 74 years of age.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and date above written   /s/ Jesse Adams, Henry Lee

From the file of Holiday Hethcock. Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration

United States Colored Troops, no. 3.

36 U.S.C.T. George W. Bowser. Co. F, 36 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 25 years; height, 5 feet 7 1/2 inches; complexion, black; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Currituck, NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, Aug. 26, 1863; where, Roanoke Is.; by whom, Lt. McClain; term, 3 years.  Remarks: “’Free’ on or before Apl 19-1861”

37 U.S.C.T. Spencer Bowser. Co. K, 37 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 28 years; height, 6 feet; complexion, black; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Tyrrel, NC; occupation, boatman. Enlistment: when, Sept. 2, 1864; where, Roanoke Isl., NC; by whom, G.M. Cleland; term, 3 years. Remarks: “Died Feb. 19 1865 at N.S. Hospital Ft. Monroe, Va.”

The 1860 census of Tyrrell County lists Linn Bowser, 45, with Spencer, 24, shingle maker, and George Bowser, 23, mariner. 

5 U.S.C.T. George Haithcock. Co. B, 5 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 23 years; height, 5 feet 7 1/2 inches; complexion, light; eyes, brown; hair, black; where born, Halifax Co., NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, Aug. 11, 1864; where, Chillicothe, Oh.; by whom, H.J.L. Wilson; term, 1 year.

The 1850 census of Union County, Ohio, lists: Therogo Dempsey, 54, his wife Betsey, 45, and daughter Martha, 21, with Meredy, 25, William, 22, George, 10, and Eliza Haithcock,11.  All were born in NC and described as mulatto.

28 U.S.C.T. Gabriel Manuel. Co. F, 28 Reg’t U.S. Col’d Inf. appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above. Description: age, 28 years; height, 6 feet 1 inch; complexion, black; eyes, black; hair, black; where born, Samson Co., NC; occupation, farmer. Enlistment: when, Feb. 16, 1865; where, Terehut [Terre Haute, Ind.]; by whom, Capt. Thompson; term, 1 year.

In the 1850 census of Sampson County: Ephraim Manuel, 54, wife Bythiney, 47, and children Nancy, 18, Emelia, 16, Gabriel, 9, Susan, 6, and John, 1, plus relative Emelia Manuel, 98.