Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Surnames: Rowan County, 1850.


Where are they now? No. 15.

R.R. was born in Wilson NC in the early 1960s.  He is descended from:

(1) Vicey Artis [ca1805-ca1868, Greene/Wilson County] via Zilpha Artis [1828-ca1885, Greene/Wayne County]

(2) Benjamin Hagans

(3) Nancy Hall via Mozana Hall [ca1829-1914, Wayne County]

(4) Rhoda Reid [ca1795-ca1865, Wayne County] via John Reid [ca1826-ca1890, Wayne County] via William Reid [1851-1926, Wayne County]

(5) John Wilson [1821-ca1890, Wayne County] via Elizabeth Wilson [1864-1947, Wayne County]

There are many worthy of confidence.

The State v. Ephraim Lane, 30 NC 256 (1848).

Ephraim Lane, a free man of color, was indicted for keeping and carrying a pistol without a license.  Lane resided in Perquimans County, but at the time of the indictment was working for a white man named Barker “getting shingles” in Pasquotank County.  Lane carried the pistol at Barker’s behest.

Per the Supreme Court, “[d]egraded as are these individuals, as a class, by their social position, it is certain, that among them are many, worthy of all confidence, and into whose hands these weapons can be safely trusted, either for their own portection, or for the protection of the property of others confided to them.” Lane did carry a weapon, but it was not unlawfully carried.

Your petitioners feels themselves Americans.

A petition from William Smith & others – free person of colour, praying to be colonized in some of the territory of the United States

Jan 14th 1851 — To the Honourable Assembly of the State of North Carolina.

The time has come where a portion of your people deem it necessary and prudent to cast themselves at your feet.  This portion is the free coloured people in the State of North Carolina.  Who in judging the future by the past do Humbly unite in praying and in petitioning this Honourable Assembly to [illegible] Congress in their behalf, to grant them a portion of the western Territory as a colony.  Your petitioners feel themselves much at a loss for proper words and language to express their feelings and apprehensions.  But their motive being pure they hope to find favor and clemency in your honourable wisdom.

Your petitioners are well aware of the importance of this petition, But the point they are activated by is reciprocal.  Many of your petitioners are the off springs of those who yielded their all in the revolutionary struggle But the blessings of which from political policy are withheld from them.

Your petitioners feels themselves Americans knowing no other clime nor soil and that pride has made it difficult for them to Beg abroad when they can ask at home.  While it is equilly hard to alienate their feelings.  Altho state policy may induce them to ask for a separation.  Should this meet your favor your petitioners hope to carry in their Bosoms parental and filial regard.

The law requires that your petitioners shall live alone praise the punish. But when success ennurns labour the public feelings pays, that the pressing influence has an injurious and gives a false stimulus to an other class.  Under this sense of fear, your petitioners have been constrained to be very vigilant in inactivity until that virtue has become a vice and now a source of public complaint.  Thus your petitioners find themselves in the condition of duress and punished for not labouring.  Your petitioners are no Aggressors on states rights nor policy.  Yet they regreat to see that they used as the whip in hand to flush the offenders into [illegible]; still the knel is constant on the public Ear – that your petitioners are the Eating cancers and the morbid incubus on the public purce. Your petitioners feel and behold with regreat the strong and painfull effort now making which  [illegible] them in the spirit of peace to ask for a Separation in the name and meaning of a colony.

Your petitioners are some what aware of the magnitude of the subject but fully persuaded of the good resulting will compensate for the hardships they may encounter.  Were your petitioners strangers they would hesitate to express a choice in this matter.  But being children of the American soil and traind to mechanical and farming arts they would dare that choice and if this should meet with favor in your wisdom they pray that your kindness will urge a salubrious clime and a productive soil, that the milk flowing there from may redound to the glory of the giver.  Like the infant sucking at its mothers Breast which every suction it makes draws from the springs of affection.

Your petitioners think they feel and see in this their prayer much Balm to heal the growing malidy and a spirit that may give peace and happiness to themselves and country.  The free people of this state numbers about 35,000 — some of the southern states more and some less.  Should your Wisdom decide in favor of a state or a general colony.  Your petitioners disdains to mention any theory but facts known better by your honours than themselves On presenting this petition they deem is unnecessary to say that they are proscribed.  This fact is known to your honours.  They now affix their names to this prayer in the presence of Each other and by proxy for many But all in the presence of God.

/s/ William Smith, James Dunn, Oscar Halston, Marcus L. Gervis, Branch Hughes, Thomas Roe, Henry J. Patterson, John Malone, Wyatt Copland, A. Payne, Lewis S. Leary, Lewis S. Chester, John E. Patterson, M. N. Leary 

Legislative Papers for 1851-1852, North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh.

Mary Eliza Balkcum Aldridge.

ImageMARY ELIZA BALKCUM ALDRIDGE was born in 1829 in Duplin County.  Her mother was probably Nancy Balkcum (ca1800-1854), a white woman, and her father was likely a black or mixed-race man.  Around 1855, she married Robert Aldridge (1819-1899). They settled first in northern Sampson County, but by 1870 had a large farm near Dudley, Wayne County.

[Eliza B. Aldridge was my great-great-great-grandmother. –LYH]

Marriages of Free People of Color in Wayne County: E-H.

Evans, Warren to Neusilla Thompson, 17 August 1854 at Ity Simmons‘.

In the 1860 census of Buck Swamp, Wayne County: Warren Evans, 30, wife Narcissus, 18, and children David W., 5, and Arabella, 4.

Faithfull, Mike to Angeline Seaberry, 6 August 1853, at his house.

In the 1860 census of Stony Creek district, Wayne County: Mike Faithful, 29, wife Angelina, 22, and children Henry, 5, and Louisa, 2 months.

Finch, Solomon to Eliza Burnett, 25 December 1856 at “my house.”

In the 1860 census of Goldsboro, Wayne County: Solomon Finch, 28, wife Eliza, 27, and children Georgiana, 10, and Thomas Russell Finch, 2.

Guy, Oliver to Exaline Artis, 26 March 1864.

Hagans, Dempsey to Cilvana Sumner, 12 October 1835.

Hagans, Larkin to Elizer Artis, 22 November 1864.

Hagans, William H. to Exeline Seaberry, 26 June 1863.

Hall, Emanuel to Nancy Ann Reid, 12 May 1853 at Bitha Read‘s.

Hall, Emanuel to Rachel Reid, 18 March 1858 at T. Reid‘s.

In the 1860 census of Davis district, Wayne County: Bytha Reed, 50, David Reed, 15, Emanuel Hall, 40, Rachel  Reed, 25, Delitha Reed, 2, and infant Reed, 1.

Hall, Samuel to Lucresy Smith, 25 November 1858 at Sherard Hagans‘.

Hall, Thomas to Mary Ann Artis, 10 August 1854 at Dempsey Hall‘s.

Where are they now? No. 14.

B.M. was born in Queens NY in the early 1960s.  He is descended from:

(1) Raiford Brewington [1812-1896, Sampson County] via Polly Ann Brewington [-1890, Sampson/Wayne County]

(2) Millie Hale [1755-1855, Sampson County]

(3) Sion Hardin [1775-1850, Sampson County] via Zilphia Hardin [1794-1860, Sampson County]

(4) Jesse A. Jacobs [1822-1902, Sampson/Wayne County] via John R. Jacobs [1850-1922, Sampson/Wayne County]

(5) Nicholas Manuel [1750-1835, Sampson County] via Shadrach Manuel [1781-1860] via Bathsheba Manuel [1812-??, Sampson/Wayne County]


I did not furnish them with anything.

Hugh Oxendine filed claim #21330 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He was 42 years old and lived in the Scuffleton area of Roberson County, where he owned 82 acres.  Perhaps 25-30 acres were under cultivation.

“I had one or two cousins that was employed as cooks in the confederate army, I did not furnish them with anything.”

Seven soldiers took a mare from his farm in March 1865.

Neill Revels, age 44, testified on Oxendine’s behalf.  He had known him 25 years and lived about 6 or 7 miles away.

John W. Oxendine, age 18, Hugh’s son, also testified, as did his wife, Eliza Oxendine, age 30.  She stated that the soldiers asked her where the houses where. “I told them the man of the house had rode off they asked me where to I told them that I did not know they then went in the house took a coat a watch and some tobacco. They then went off to my brother in law about 1/2 or 3/4 miles off.”