Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Tag: Taylor

During a deranged spell.


In the Southeastern part of Lincoln county, on the 2d ultimo, a free mulatto named Thos. Taylor, committed suicide by shooting himself in the throat with a pistol. It took place at the house of Mr. Wm. Hunt. T. was a distiller by trade, and had the fever and ague some three or four weeks, for the cure of which he used spirits, without regard to the time of the fever, This, it is thought, deranged him, and during one of those deranged spells, he committed the act in Mr. Hunt’s yard, and in presence of one of Mr. Hunt’s sons. — Charlotte Democrat.

Iredell Express, Statesville, 3 February 1860.

John & Delphia Taylor Locus.

ImageMARTIN JOHN LOCUS (1843-1926) and DELPHIA TAYLOR LOCUS (1850-1923). Martin was the son of Martin Locus and Eliza Brantley Locus of southeastern Nash and later western Wilson County. Delphia was the daughter of Dempsey Taylor and Eliza Pace Taylor of northern Nash County.

In the 1860 census of Winsteads, Nash County: Dempsey Taylor, 46, wife Liza, 44, and children Margaret A.W., 10, Delphia A., 10, Rildy A.R., 8, and Joel R., 6.

John Locus. Died 22 December 1926, Taylors, Wilson County. Colored. Widower. Farmer.  Age 83 years, 4 months, 19 days. Born Wilson County to unknown father and Eliza Locus of Nash County.  Buried family cemetery, Wilson County. Informant, John Locus Jr., Wilson County.

[Hat tip to Europe Ahmad Farmer.]

When the Confederates sent him off, he sold me the horse.

Jacob Cherry, age 52, a farmer, filed claim #20118 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He resided at Beaufort County.  “I was a slave before the War. I belonged to Wm. Cherry.” During the war, he lived on the lands of Mr. Benjamin Brown and cultivated a farm there.  “… I had a brother in the union army by name Alfred Gorham he resides in Brunswick Co N.C., he joined the union army in 1862.” “I felt if [the Union] cause succeeded that I should be free and that it would be to my benefit.” “I was a slave at the beginning of the war.  I became free after the War. … I hired my time from my owner, and paid my hire, and saved money bought my horse.”  Cherry bought the horse in January 1865, and Union soldiers took it the next month.  He was plowing a field that he had rented from Benjaim Brown when Captain Graham’s cavalry company came to Greenville from New Bern on a raid, taking all the horses they could find.  Cherry told Captain Graham that the horse belonged to him, and the captain said, “That might be but so many colored people were claiming their owners horses that he could not tell whether they belonged to them or their owners.”  Cherry described the horse as a young bay mare with foal, “fat and in good condition, quick, a good buggy horse and a good plough horse.”  “I bought her from a free colored man who worked at the farm of Widow Parker. This colored man was impressed by the confederates to work on the breastworks and died there. His wife belonged to Mrs. Parker and when he was sent off he sold me the horse for which I paid $300.00.” The free man’s name was Wiley Taylor.

John Bartlett Sr., age 54, who resided in Washington, North Carolina, and worked as a cooper, confirmed that Cherry had bought the horse from a free man of color whose wife lived at Martha Parker’s and who was taken by Confederates to work at fortifications at Bald Head. Bartlett was working at the Confederate commissary in Greenville when he saw Cherry ride by with a federal cavalryman.  Cherry rode bareback with a plow line for a bridle.  “Jacob Cherry … was a hard working man and of excellent character. He started a very good crop but after the taking of his horse, he lost it.” Bartlett was free-born and lived within a mile of Cherry.

John Bartlett Jr., age 24, day laborer, also testified about Graham’s confiscation of horses in and around Greenville.

Claim approved: $150.00.

Where are they now? No. 12.

G.W. was born in the early 1960s in Wilson NC.  He is descended from these free people of color:

(1) Eliza Brantley [ca1820-??, Nash County]

(2) George Drewery [1848-1921, Canada/Michigan/Nash County]

(3) Nelson Eatmon [1816-??, Nash/Wilson County] via Wilmouth Eatmon [1836-1916, Nash/Wilson County]

(4) Martin Locus [ca1815-??, Nash County]

(5) a Lucas line

(6) Lucy Mills [Nash County]

(7) Sallie A. Mitchell [1859-??, Nash County]

(8) Starkey Pulley [1815-??, Nash County] via William Pulley [1859-1930, Nash County]

(9) Allen Taybourn [1815-c1900, Nash County] via Amanda Taybourn [1851-1898]

(10) Bitha Taybourn [1828-1860, Nash County]

(11) Abi Taylor [1843-1930, Nash/Wilson County]

(12) Augustus Wilkins via John Wilkins [1830-1914, Nash County] via William Wilkins (1862-??, Nash County]

You will get paid for it.

William S. Taylor filed claim #19425 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He lived in Fayetteville, where he worked as a house painter.  During the war, a major, two lieutenants and chaplain came to his house, took what they wanted and said, “Oh! Sam you will get paid for it.”

Harry Clark, age 60, a Fayetteville housepainter; George D. Simmons, 38, a merchant; and Taylor’s wife of 30 years, Mary B. Taylor, testified for him.

They intended to come beat me.

William H. Haithcock, age 56, filed claim #20604 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He lived in Fayetteville and worked as a carpenter.  Haithcock testified that he was born in Johnson [sic] County and moved to Fayetteville about 1850.  He lived in Fayetteville up to 1863; then in the country 4 miles from Fayetteville, where he had a farm; then, in 1864, to another plantation one mile from Fayetteville, where he made another crop.  He was living there when the United States Army came through.  He moved back to Fayetteville after.  He worked his trade as a carpenter until he went into farmer.

When he was living on the east side of the Cape Fear River, the Confederates took corn, fodder, chickens and other property.  He was living on the west side of the river when the Union army came.  His house was robbed once by Confederate deserters.  “I talked about it, they sent me word that they intended to come beat me and take what money I had but they never came.  Some of the white men up the river above me.  I understood that I should not make another crop at the place I was living and that I ought to be in the war.”

Lucien Bryant, age 50, testified to Haithcock’s loyalty.  Bryant was a farmer and lived in Fayetteville.  Others who testified were: William S. Taylor, 58, painter; Jonathan Revels, 52, farmer; and son James Haithcock, 19, a farmer and wood hauler.