Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Category: Surnames

Surname swap, no. 3.

In the 1850 census of Upper Richlands, Onslow County: brothers Lewis Skipp, 16, and James Skipp, 10, both mulatto, in the household of white farmer Stephen Humphrey.

In the 1860 census of Westbrooks, Sampson County: Lewis Henderson, 25, wife Margaret, 26, and children Lewis S., 4, James L., 3, and Isabella J., 4 months.  Also, James Henderson, 22, in the household of white farmer Lewis C. King. 

Lewis Henderson and James Henderson were the oldest sons of James Henderson, born about 1815 in Onslow County.  Skipp may have been their mother’s surname.

Surnames: Macon County, 1850.

ADERSON, ASHE, BEATTIE, CHAVIS, GAY, GING, GIPSON, GUY, HENRY, MATTHEWS, MOORE, PATE, READ, REDMOND, STUART and WALDROOP.

Surname swap, no. 2.

In the 1850 census of Wayne County, North Side of Neuse: Nancy Morgan, 30, Nero, 9, Caroline, 8, Gaston, 7, Dinah, 5, and Oomey, 2

But in the 1860 census of New Hope, Wayne County: Nancy Whiter, 40, Nero, 19, Gaston, 17, Primas, 12, Amos, 10, Sam, 8, Eliza, 4, and Morris, 2.

Surname swap, no. 1.

In the 1850 census of South Side of the Neuse, Wayne County: Haywood Musgrave, 40, wife Penny, 25, and children Susan, 8, Simon, 6, Jane, 5, Green, 4, and George, 2.

But in the 1860 census of Indian Springs, Wayne County: Haywood Hays, 48, and wife Elizabeth, 32, Susan E., 16, Simon, 15, Jane, 14, Green, 13, George, 12, Lucretia, 11, Alchi, 10, Mary A., 9, Nancy, 8, Alfred, 7, and Betsey, 5.

Surnames: Edgecombe County, 1850.

ADAMS, AMERSON, ANDERSON, ARCHER, ARTIS, BAKER, BARFIELD, BARNES, BAUSMOND, BRASWELL, BRICE, BROWER, BROWN, BUTTER, COPES, CHAVERS, CLARK, DANIEL, DEW, DOWNING, EAVANS/EVANS, ELLIS, FAITHFULL, HAGINS, HALL, HAMLET, HAMMONS, HEWES, HILL, HORN, JAMES, JONES, KEEL, LASTER, LETTEN, LOCUS/LOCUST, MICHEL/MITCHELL, MORGAN/MORGIN, NETTLE, ODAM, PORTER, PRICE, REED/REID, ROBBINS, SCOTT, SKINNER, STATON, STOKES, THOMPSON, THORN, TITUS, TUCKER, VAUGHAN, WILKINS and WORRELL.

Old-issue, heartily detested.

“Probably the largest group of free negroes to be found in North Carolina was the exclusive ‘old issue’ settlement known far and wide as The Meadows, near Ransom’s Bridge on Fishing Creek in Halifax County. The people still bear the appellation ‘old issue,’ and are heartily detested by the well-to-do negroes in the adjoining counties.”

Rosser Howard Taylor, The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1920. http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/taylorrh/taylorrh.html

According to North Carolina Gazetteer, Ransom’s Bridge is a “community at the junction of Nash, Franklin, Warren and Halifax Counties, formerly thriving, now sparsely settled.  There is a bridge here over Fishing Creek, and a post office by the time existed as early as 1822 and as recently as 1882.  This area of North Carolina was the center of gold mining activity before the Civil War.”  Ransom’s Bridge is near present-day Hollister, and maps show roads — Richardson, Evans, Silvertown — bearing the names of free families of color.  These families and others, such as Mills and Lynch, make up the core of the Haliwa-Saponi Native American tribe, recognized by the state since 1953.

Surnames: Caswell County, 1850.

The following surnames are found among free people of color in Caswell County:

BAGE, BANKS, BASS, BOWERS, BRANDON, BUCKS, CHAVIS, CHECK, COLES, COUSINS, DAVIS, DAY, DELANY, DERSHAM, EDWELL, EDWARD, ELLIOTT, EPPERSON, FARREY, FITZGERALD, FREEMAN, GILLASPIE/GLASBY, GOOD, GRIFFITH, HAITHCOCK, HANLY, HARRIS, HARTE, HIX, HOOD, HOOPER, HOWELL, HUGHES, HUTSON, INGRAM, JEFFERYS, JONES, LIGINS, LONG, LOVET, MARTIN, MASON, McGEHEE, McKISSICK, McMUNN, MITCHELL, NASH, NORMAN, PALMER, PETTIFORD, PHILIPS, PILES, POUNDS, PRICE, PRITCHETT, PULLUM, RAGSDALE, RENOLDS, RILEY, ROBERTS, ROLLIN, SAWYER, SHEPPERD, SKELTON, SMITH, SNOW, SONG, THOMAS, TONEY, VALENTINE, WATKINS, WEAVER, WIGGINS, WILEY, WILKINS, WILLIAM, and WILSON.

Surnames: Union County, 1850.

The following surnames are found among free people of color in Union County:

BRAND, CHARLES, CHAVERS, DAVIDSON, ELLETT, FOSTER, GHENT, GURMAN, HONEYCUTT, JORDAN, McGUIRT, PEARCE, PLYLER, RAPE, SECRIST, STARNES, STIGALL, THOMAS, TOPLEY and WATTS.

Surnames: Martin County, 1850.

The following surnames are found among free people of color in Martin County:

AUSBURN, AUSTIN, BAILEY, BARNHILL, BELL, BOON, BOROUGH, BOSTON, BROOKS, BROWNEY, CAROL, CLOSE, CORDEN, COTANCH, COVE, CROSS, GRIFFIN, HARRISON, HASSELL, HOGAN, HOLLINSWORTH, HOSDELL, HUDSON, HYMAN, JAMES, JANES, JOHNSTON, JONES, KEES, MANING, MASSER, MOGGIN, NUSOM, OVERTON, PATTERSON, PERCE, PUNCH, REED, RIX, ROBESON, SCOTT, SIMMONS, SIMPSON, SLADE, SLAGIN, SPARROW, STOVES, TADLOCK, THOMPSON, TINER, WIGGINS, WILLIAMS and WYNN.

Surnames: Henderson County, 1850.

The following surnames are found among free people of color in Henderson County:

AKINS, BOGGS, BRAYBEN, BRIDGERS, BRYSON, DESHANA, GAINS, GWINN, HOLLY, JACKSON, KILLIAN, LAWS, LEDBETTER, OWENS, PAINE, RAXTER, WHITZEL and WILLIAMS.