Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

The child was murdered.

Infanticide. – We learn that an inquest was held on the body of an infant child found in a branch in Robeson county on the 6th inst. The result was a verdict that the child was willfully murdered by its mother, a free woman of color named Arrah Carter.

Fayetteville Observer, 10 October 1853.

She is of free parents.

North Carolina, Edgcombe County  }  To the Sheriff of Edgcombe County Greeting; You are hereby commanded that, you Summon Thomas Hodges of your said County if to be found in your Bailiwic personally to appear before the Justices of the County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions to be held for the same on the fourth monday in November next then & there to shew Cause by what Right title or claim he holdeth in Slavery, a young Woman of mixed Blood named Bet (Elizabeth) who by Thomas Hall her Attorney Suggests that she is of free Parents & entitled to freedom — And have then & there this Writ; Witness Edward Hall Clerk of sd. Court, the [blank] Day of [blank] ann Dom’o 1780, in the 5th year of Independency     Edw’d Hall C.C.

Edgecombe County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Levi & Betsy Winn.

Image LEVI WINN was probably born in northern Duplin County. Elizabeth, called “Betsy,” last name unknown, was his second wife. They are buried at First Congregational Church in Dudley, Wayne County.

Photo by Lisa Y. Henderson, March 2013.

In the 1860 census of Buck Swamp, Wayne County: Levi Winn, 47, blacksmith, wife Elizabeth, 39, and children Henry, 21, David, 20, Pinkney, 19, George, 17, Charles, 15, Mary, 13, Martha, 11, John, 9, Elizabeth, 7, Susan, 5, and Levi, 3.

He was elected county commissioner.

“I remember the first election held here after the negroes were given the right to vote. The negroes were corralled in Little Washington by J. E. O’Hara, a West India negro, and formed in two lines and marched to the Court House. I was standing on the piaza [sic] of the old Griswold Hotel, when they turned down Walnut Street, and as the last of the line passed where I was standing, the head of the column was turning into the court house square near where Col. I. F. Dortch’s office stands. The election lasted for three days and the votes were sent to Gen. Canby’s headquarters at Charleston, S.C. to be counted. At the first election held after the adoption of the Canby Constitution, one negro, Green Simmons, was elected on the Board of County Commissioners. Negroes were appointed on the police force of the town.  A Yankee, J. H. Place, who came here with the army, was elected mayor. The finances of the town and county both got into bad shape, county orders getting down as low as forty cents on the dollar.”

From J.M. Hollowell, “War-Time Reminiscences and Other Selections,” Goldsboro Herald, June 1939.

In the 1850 census of South Side of the Neuse, Wayne County: Green Simmons, 33, cooper, wife Betsy J., 26, and children Needham, 5, Cicero, 3, and Mary, 1. All were born in Wayne County, except Betsy, born in Sampson.

Born in 1844 in New York of West Indian and Irish parentage, James E. O’Hara migrated to North Carolina after the Civil War with African Methodist Episcopal Zion missionaries.  He served as clerk for the 1868 state constitutional convention and was elected to the North Carolina State House of Representatives in 1868 and the United States House of Representatives in 1882. O’Hara died in New Ben in 1905.

He has a mulatto indenture.

One Hundred Dollars Reward.  Ranaway from the subscriber in April, 1800, a negro man named ZIBE, about 25 years of age, 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high, well made, handsome features, and dark complexion – I do suppose he is in or about Norfolk, as his mother and some of his other connexions live in that place. I have lately understood he has a mulattoe indenture and certificate, and goes by the name of the mulattoe, which is James Turtle, which if he has the indentures was executed in Bertie county North Carolina, to Mr. Jesse Brown, of county and state aforesaid, and the certificate was granted to said Turtle, by said Jesse Brown. The above reward will be given to any person apprehending said negro and confining him to that I get him again, or delivering him to me in Hertford county North Carolina, and all reasonable expences paid.  Eli Moor.

N.B. He is a tolerable shoemaker.

Norfolk Herald, 1 July 1802.