Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Setting free Maria and her four children.

State of North Carolina, New Hanover County  } Court of Pleas & quarter Sessions, June Term 1797

Know all men by these Presents that We John McLellan, George Hooper, Henry Urquhart and John Allan all of the County aforesaid, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency Samuel Ashe esq’r Governor, Captain General and Commander in Chief in and over the State aforesaid in the just and fill sum of One thousand Pounds, for the which payment will and truly to be made to his Excellency the Governor aforesaid his successors or assigns We do hereby jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, bind our seves and each of us our Heirs Executors and Administrators, Sealed with our Seals and dates as above –

The Condition of the above Obligation is such, that Whereas, the Justices presiding in the Court aforesaid at the Term aforesaid have on the Petition of the aforesaid John McLellan, emancipated and sett free, as fully and amply, as by the Laws of this State they are entitled, a certain female Negroe Slave, belonging to the said John McLellan named Maria and her four Children named William Elizabeth Margaret and Mary; And in case the said female Negroe Slave Maria and her four Children William, Elizabeth, Margaret and Mary or either of them shall not in any manner whatsoever become chargeable to or on this or any other County within this State, then the above Obligation to be void otherwise to remain in full force and Virtue.   /s/ John Mclellan, G. Hooper, Henry Urquhart, John Allan

Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of /s/ James W. Walker

Slave Records, New Hanover County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Did unlawfully live as man & wife with a slave.

State of North Carolina, Wilson County to wit:

Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions January Term AD 1859

The Jurors for the State on their oath present that Benjamin Price a free negro late of the County of Wilson on the 1st day of December AD 1858 and divers other days and times both before and after that day at and in the county aforesaid did unlawfully cohabit & live as man & wife with Easter a slave the property of Dempsey Barnes contrary to the form of the statute in such cases made & provided and against the peace & dignity of the state.    /s/ B.B. Barnes Sol

[Reverse: State vs Ben Price A Slave for Wife / Gov Pros Wit Dempsey Barnes  / Not a true Bill W.E.J. Shallington For’n Grand Jury]

Miscellaneous Records, Wilson County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

Licensed to carry.

Free Negroes licensed to carry guns 12 months

Date of license June 1852 – Loftin ChanceRichard MorrisGeorge LewisEzekiel ChanceTheophilus GeorgeWilliam Cully

September 1852 – Israel PettifordJohn GaudetJohn A. WigginsJames GaudetWright PettifordWill. GaudetGeorge RobersonBen. Banton

Dec’r 1852 – Kelso DavisRufus Chance

March 1853 – Sylvester GaskinsJohn FennerThomas FennerElijah George

Records of Slaves and Free Persons of Color, Craven County Records, North Carolina State Archives.

In the 1850 census of Craven County, the following households:

  • Israel Pettiford, 25, farmer, wife Lucretia, 29, and children Caroline, 14, Willis, 3, and Francis, 2.
  • Loftin Chance, 57, farmer, wife Betsy, 55, and Ezekiel, 20, Rufus, 18, Betsy, 12, and [illegible] Chance, 11.  Also, Rufus Chance, 45, cooper, wife HannahSamuel Carter, 10, and Amos Fenner, 9. 
  • Richd. Moore Jnr., 35, laborer, wife Elennor, 25, and Mary, 4.
  • George Lewis, 33, boatman, wife Rebecca, 29, and Amos, 7 months.
  • Thepolus George, 22, boatman, wife Lucinda, 21, and Levery Godett, 55. Also Theop. George Jnr., 46, farmer, Susan, 24, Merinda, 18, Elijah, 16, Deborah, 12, Betsy, 9, James, 6, and Martha, 1.
  • James Godett, 70, farmer, wife Hepsy, 41, and James, 10, Jeremiah, 9, and William Godett, 6.
  • Right Pettiford, 38, farmer.
  • John Godett Jnr., 28, laborer, wife Mary, 24, and Francis, 6, Susan, 2, Nancy, 1 month, and Nancy Harkley, 17.
  • William Cully, 50, farmer, Mary, 40, William, 17, Hepsy, 16, Phebe, 14, and Mary, 3.
  • John R. Wiggins, 64, farmer, wife Julia, 50, and children George,14, Philip,12, Julia,10, Unis, 8, Nelly, 73, and John, 3.
  • John Fenner, 55, wife Ann, 45, and Philip Moore, 12.
  • Thomas Fenner, 50, Penelope, 55, and Thomas Carter, 9.
  • Elijah George, 35, boatman, Sarah, 21, Theopilus, 13, Matthew, 7, and Nancy, 1.
  • Benjamin Banton, 30, farmer, Celia, 70, Elizabeth, 25, Cornelia, 5, and Hepsy, 3.
  • George Roberson, 50, farmer, Betsy, 50, and Sidney Mahonis, 50.
  • George Godett Jnr., 66, farmer, wife Julia, 50, and William, 18, Andrew, 15, Sally, 15, Betsy, 32, and Jesse Ransom, 55.

James Drawhorn Sampson.

ImageNegro History Bulletin, January 1940.