Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Colored Confederates — mostly cooks.

5 Cav. N.C. William Lynch, cook, Co. E., 63 Reg’t North Carolina Troops (Cavalry). Appears on Company Muster Roll of the organization named above, for March and April 1864.  Enlisted 12 Jan 1863 at Kinston, by Capt. Harris for duration of war. Remarks: “Enlisted as cook — free negro — has no horse”

3 N.C. Jackson Evans, Pvt., Co. F, 3 Reg’t North Carolina Inf. (State Troops). Appears on Company Muster Roll of the organization named above for November and December 1862.  Enlisted 15 July 1862 at Wayne as a conscript for duration of war.  Remarks: “This man was substituted for one J.W. Cox of Wayne Cty N.C. & proves to be a free negro”

5 Cav. N.C. William Rudd, cook, Co. E., 63 Reg’t North Carolina Troops (Cavalry). Appears on Company Muster Roll of the organization named above, for March and April 1864.  Enlisted 4 December 1862 at Hamilton by Capt. Harris for duration of war. Remarks: “Enlisted as cook — free negro — has no horse”

In the 1860 census of Western District, Halifax County: James Rudd, 55, farmer; wife Rebecca, 50, midwife; with Margaret Rudd, 26; Frances, 15, William, 14, and Ann M. Richardson, 9; and William Rudd, 23, carpenter, all mulatto.

3 Art.y N.C. Aurthur Reid, Pvt, Co. D., 40 Reg’t North Carolina Troops (Artillery). Appears on Company Muster Roll of the organization named above for July and August 1864.  Enlisted 16 June 1864 at Edgecombe by Capt. Lane for duration of war. Remarks: “Free Negro Cook for company since time of enlistment”

In the 1850 census of Edgecombe County: Arther Reid, 46, farmer; wife Pheby, 45; and children Brily, 22, Lucinda, 21, Louisa, 18, Sandy, 14, Jane, 10, Susan, 7, Arther, 5, and Ducan Reid, 2 months.

A decanter of whiskey?

A free negro is lately condemned to be hung at Tarboro’, in this State, for forcibly entering a house and stealing a decanter of whiskey!

Highland Messenger, Asheville, 1 Apr 1842.

When the Confederates sent him off, he sold me the horse.

Jacob Cherry, age 52, a farmer, filed claim #20118 with the Southern Claims Commission.  He resided at Beaufort County.  “I was a slave before the War. I belonged to Wm. Cherry.” During the war, he lived on the lands of Mr. Benjamin Brown and cultivated a farm there.  “… I had a brother in the union army by name Alfred Gorham he resides in Brunswick Co N.C., he joined the union army in 1862.” “I felt if [the Union] cause succeeded that I should be free and that it would be to my benefit.” “I was a slave at the beginning of the war.  I became free after the War. … I hired my time from my owner, and paid my hire, and saved money bought my horse.”  Cherry bought the horse in January 1865, and Union soldiers took it the next month.  He was plowing a field that he had rented from Benjaim Brown when Captain Graham’s cavalry company came to Greenville from New Bern on a raid, taking all the horses they could find.  Cherry told Captain Graham that the horse belonged to him, and the captain said, “That might be but so many colored people were claiming their owners horses that he could not tell whether they belonged to them or their owners.”  Cherry described the horse as a young bay mare with foal, “fat and in good condition, quick, a good buggy horse and a good plough horse.”  “I bought her from a free colored man who worked at the farm of Widow Parker. This colored man was impressed by the confederates to work on the breastworks and died there. His wife belonged to Mrs. Parker and when he was sent off he sold me the horse for which I paid $300.00.” The free man’s name was Wiley Taylor.

John Bartlett Sr., age 54, who resided in Washington, North Carolina, and worked as a cooper, confirmed that Cherry had bought the horse from a free man of color whose wife lived at Martha Parker’s and who was taken by Confederates to work at fortifications at Bald Head. Bartlett was working at the Confederate commissary in Greenville when he saw Cherry ride by with a federal cavalryman.  Cherry rode bareback with a plow line for a bridle.  “Jacob Cherry … was a hard working man and of excellent character. He started a very good crop but after the taking of his horse, he lost it.” Bartlett was free-born and lived within a mile of Cherry.

John Bartlett Jr., age 24, day laborer, also testified about Graham’s confiscation of horses in and around Greenville.

Claim approved: $150.00.