Fourth Generation Inclusive

Historical Documents of Genealogical Interest to Researchers of North Carolina's Free People of Color

Did the slave help free the free man’s slave?

The State v. Edmund, a slave, 15 NC 340 (1833).

This was an indictment of Edmund in New Hanover County for violating the Act of 1825, chapter 22, i.e. concealing a slave on board a vessel for the purpose of conveying her beyond state limits and helping her escape.  Edmund was a slave, the property of a Mr. West of Virginia, who had absconded years before, passed as a free man and served as a steward aboard the brig Fisher.  Nathan Green, the alleged owner of the concealed slave, was a free man of color, “a dark mulatto,” and a North Carolina resident.  Edmund was convicted of the offense and appealed his death sentence on the bases that (1) as a slave, Edmund was not a person within the meaning of the Act and (2) Nathan Green, as a free man of color, was not a citizen of the state.  The Supreme Court ordered a new trial on the alternate ground that the indictment was defective.

Free colored farmers, no. 1.

These free people of color were listed in the 1850 agricultural schedule of Wayne County:

John Artis.  30 improved acres, value $150. Implements valued at $15. 1 horse. 1 ox. 15 sheep. 75 swine. 250 bushels, Indian corn. 50 lbs., wool. 50 bushels, Irish potatoes.

Vincent Artis.  30 improved acres, value $150. Implements valued at $15.  1 horse. 1 ox. 12 sheep. 75 swine. 250 bushels, Indian corn. 50 lbs., wool. 50 bushels, Irish potatoes.

Celia Artis.  50 improved acres, 700 unimproved acres, value $600. Implements valued at $25. 2 horses. 1 ass or mule. 1 ox. 21 other cattle. 40 sheep. 500 swine. 500 bushels, Indian corn. 100 lbs., rice. 2 lbs., tobacco. 100 lbs., wool. 100 bushels, peas and beans. 200 bushels, sweet potatoes.

Calvin Simmons.  130 improved acres, 173 unimproved acres, value $800. Implements valued at $40. 2 horses. 4 milch cows. 2 other cattle. 8 sheep. 155 swine. 720 bushels, Indian corn. 10 lbs., wool. 15 bushels, peas and beans. 40 bushels, Irish potatoes. 3 bushels, sweet potatoes.

Polly Simmons.  110 improved acres, 100 unimproved acres, value $300. Implements valued at $25. 2 horses. 3 milch cows. 27 oxen. 11 other cattle. 40 sheep. 330 swine. 600 bushels, Indian corn. 25 bushels. oats. 20 bales, cotton. 25 lbs., wool. 5 bushels, peas and beans. 50 bushels, Irish potatoes. 100 bushels, sweet potatoes.

Levi Winn.  150 improved acres, 236 unimproved acres, value $1500. Implements valued at $60. 3 horses. 4 asses or mules. 6 milch cows. 12 oxen. 11 other cattle. 15 sheep. 300 swine. 200 bushels, Indian corn. 15 bushels, oats. 30 bales, cotton. 25 lbs., wool. 10 bushels, peas and beans. 50 bushels, Irish potatoes. 100 bushels, sweet potatoes.

Free-Issue Death Certificates: REID.

Zannie Reid.  Died 21 May 1914, Fremont, Wayne County. Negro.  Widow.  Born 28 Aug 1829 to [blank] Hagans and Nancy Hagans, both of NC.  Buried Reid graveyard.  Informant, John G. Reid, Fremont.

Edwin Hall.  Died 22 Jan 1915, Fremont, Wayne County.  Negro.  Married.  Farmer.  Age 66.  Born to Dempsey Hall and Patsy Reid.  Buried “in country.”

Christian Coley.  Died 6 Sep 1915, Pikeville, Wayne County.  Married.  About 66 years old.  Born in NC to Washington Reid and Pennie Reid.  Buried Reid graveyard.  Informant, Henry Coley, Pikeville.

David Reid.  Died 27 Oct 1915, Great Swamp, Wayne County.  Colored. Married.  About 70 years old.  Born in NC to Jacob Coley and Bitha Reid, both of NC. Buried Fremont cemetery. Informant, Isler Reid.

Winnie Reid.  Died 15 Aug 1918, Pikeville, Wayne County NC.  Colored.  Widow.  80 years old.  Born Wayne County to Bill Hall and Nancy Hagans, both of Wayne County.  Informant, Burrell Reid, Pikeville.

William Reid.  Died 27 Jan 1926, Black Creek, Wilson County.  Colored.  Married to Bettie Reid.  76 years old.  Born in Wayne County to John Reid and Zannie Reid, both of Wayne. Buried in the Wilson graveyard.  Informant, Pinkney Reid, Fremont.

Henry Reid.  Died 28 Sep 1930, Goldsboro NC.  Colored.  Widower of Georgeana Reid.  70 years old.  Born in Wayne County to John Reid and Zania Hall.  Informant, Frances Newsome.

Auther Reid.  Died 23 Feb 1929, Township #9, Edgecombe County.  Negro.  Single.  Born 18 Nov 1842 in Edgecombe to Miles Reid and Martha Febury Reid.  Buried near Macclesfield.

Gray Reid.  Died 8 Jan 1936, Township #10, Edgecombe County.  Resided “Hal Farm.” Colored. Widower of Lucy Reid.  Born 1844 in Edgecombe to unknown parents.  Informant, Jonah Reid. Macclesfield.

 

 

Caswell County Will Books: D

In Book D, at October Court, 1800, Alsey Hudson, an orphaned female child of colour, aged 2 years, bound to Zephaniah Tait.

In Book D, at October Court, 1801, Armsted Phillips, a mulatto boy, age 5 years and 6 months, bound to Epp’s Stone.

In Book D, at October Court, 1801, Nancy Phillips, a mulatto girl aged 8 years old on 15 March next, bound to Eppophroditus Stone.

In Book D, at April Court, 1802, Allen Caswell, a mulatto boy aged 19 years old January last, bound to Henry Atkinson.